The following is a report of how major bills fared in Congress last week and a record of how local members of Congress voted.

Maryland senators are Democrats Paul S. Sarbanes and Barbara A. Mikulski. Virginia senators are Republican John W. Warner and Democrat Charles S. Robb.

Maryland representatives to the House are Roy P. Dyson (D-1st), Benjamin L. Cardin (D-3rd), Tom McMillen (D-4th), Steny H. Hoyer (D-5th), Beverly B. Byron (D-6th), and Constance A. Morella (R-8th).

Virginia representatives are D. French Slaughter (R-7th), Stan Parris (R-8th), and Frank R. Wolf (R-10th).

NV means Not Voting.

HOUSE VOTES

TO PROTECT TEXTILES

The House approved, 271 for and 149 against, legislation to limit the growth of textile and clothing imports to 1 percent annually and to freeze non-rubber footwear imports at their 1989 volume. This sent the bill (HR 4328) to President Bush and his promised veto. The bill was seen as protecting American jobs and plants at a cost of higher retail prices. Textile and clothing imports grew by 2.2 percent in the first seven months of 1990 compared to the same period in 1989, the Commerce Department said. A yes vote was to limit textile, apparel and non-rubber footwear imports.

................. Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron ............. X

Cardin ............ X

Dyson ............. X

Hoyer ............. X

McMillen .......... X

Morella .................. X

VIRGINIA

Parris ............ X

Slaughter ......... X

Wolf ..................... X

TO CHANGE DEFENSE BILL

By a vote of 156 for and 254 against, the House rejected a conservative-led attempt to soften military personnel cuts and increase from 180 to 360 days the maximum active duty time for reservists. This occurred as the House sent to conference with the Senate the Pentagon's first post-Cold War budget, a $283 billion fiscal 1991 spending bill that is $24 billion under President Bush's request. The current uniformed personnel ceiling is 1.9 million. This motion sought to lower it by about 101,500 troops, not 130,000 as recommended by the Democratic-led Armed Services Committee. Bush wants a cut of 38,000 troops. The longer deployment of reservists would have permitted reserve combat units to be sent to the Persian Gulf. The Pentagon finds the present 180-day limit not long enough to justify combat roles for reservists, given how long it takes to put them in place. A yes vote was to soften military personnel cuts and double the active duty time for reservists.

................. Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron .................... X

Cardin ................... X

Dyson .................... X

Hoyer .................... X

McMillen ................. X

Morella .................. X

VIRGINIA

Parris ............ X

Slaughter ......... X

Wolf .............. X

TO CUT SDI FUNDING

The House voted 225 for and 189 against to lower Strategic Defense Initiative funding to a maintenance level of $2.3 billion for fiscal 1991, about half of President Bush's request for the proposed space-based defense against incoming missiles. The vote occurred during debate on the 1991 Pentagon budget (see preceding issue).A yes vote was to cut SDI spending to a maintenance level.

................. Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron .................... X

Cardin ............ X

Dyson .................... X

Hoyer ............. X

McMillen .......... X

Morella ........... X

VIRGINIA

Parris ................... X

Slaughter ................ X

Wolf ..................... X

ABORTION ISSUE

By a vote of 200 for and 216 against, the House rejected an amendment permitting women in the military or who are dependents to receive an abortion at military facilities abroad if they pay for it. The amendment to the 1991 defense bill (above) sought to lift a Department of Defense ban on such abortions. A yes vote was to permit privately financed abortions at military hospitals abroad.

................. Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron .................... X

Cardin ............ X

Dyson .................... X

Hoyer ............. X

McMillen .......... X

Morella ........... X

VIRGINIA

Parris ................... X

Slaughter ................ X

Wolf ..................... X

SENATE VOTES

TO BAN SOLID WASTE

The Senate voted 68 for and 31 against to empower states to reject solid waste exported by other states. Because refuse shipments are interstate commerce, states have little authority to exclude them. This amendment was attached to a fiscal 1991 D.C. appropriations bill (HR 5311) later sent to conference with the House. It empowers states to use devices such as high fees to exclude out-of-state waste from their landfills. A yes vote was to empower states to ban the importation of out-of-state trash.

..................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski ................. X

Sarbanes ................. X

VIRGINIA

Robb ..................... X

Warner ............ X

OLDER AMERICANS BILL

By a vote of 80 for and 19 against, the Senate adopted an amendment to insure that federal employees are fully covered by the proposed Older Workers Benefit Protection Act (S 1511). The legislation would reverse a 1989 U.S. Supreme Court ruling, known as the Betts decision, that permits employers to deny certain job benefits thought to have been guaranteed by federal laws against age discrimination. A yes vote was to make sure the federal workforce is fully covered by the bill.

..................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski .......... X

Sarbanes .......... X

VIRGINIA

Robb .............. X

Warner ............ X