The following is a report of how major bills fared in Congress last week and a record of how local members of Congress voted.

Maryland senators are Democrats Paul S. Sarbanes and Barbara A. Mikulski. Virginia senators are Republican John W. Warner and Democrat Charles S. Robb.

Maryland representatives to the House are Roy P. Dyson (D-1st), Benjamin L. Cardin (D-3rd), Tom McMillen (D-4th), Steny H. Hoyer (D-5th), Beverly B. Byron (D-6th), and Constance A. Morella (R-8th).

Virginia representatives are D. French Slaughter (R-7th), Stan Parris (R-8th), and Frank R. Wolf (R-10th).

NV means Not Voting.

HOUSE VOTES

TO REJECT BUDGET PLAN

By a vote of 179 for and 254 against, the House rejected the fiscal plan forged by President Bush and congressional leaders to cut deficit spending by $500 billion over five years through tax hikes and spending restraint. Republicans voted 71 for and 105 against and Democrats 108-149, sending government leaders in search of more politically acceptable fiscal solutions. The measure sought to raise the Medicare payroll tax as well as taxes on tobacco, alcoholic beverages, gasoline, luxury items, plane tickets and other items, and to curb or cut spending in the defense budget, Medicare, farm subsidies, civil service retirement and scores of other federal programs. Conservatives directed much of their criticism at the tax increases, while liberals said the plan favored the wealthy at the expense of people in poverty and on fixed incomes. Moderates also found much in it they disliked. A yes vote was to side with the president and bipartisan Capitol Hill leadership and support the deficit-reduction plan.

..................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron.............. X

Cardin............. X

Dyson..................... X

Hoyer.............. X

McMillen........... X

Morella............ X

VIRGINIA

Parris.................... X

Slaughter................. X

Wolf............... X

TO BACK THE PRESIDENT

By a vote of 380 for and 39 against, the House approved a resolution (HJ Res 658) endorsing President Bush's military and diplomatic response to Iraq's takeover of Kuwait. While far outnumbered by backers of the president, critics argued both he and Congress have disregarded the War Powers Act. That post-Vietnam law requires Capitol Hill approval, within 60 days of deployment, of military actions in which combat appears imminent. The troops are to be brought home if Congress fails to provide a green light. A yes vote endorsed Bush's policies against Iraq.

..................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron.............. X

Cardin............. X

Dyson.............. X

Hoyer.............. X

McMillen........... X

Morella............ X

VIRGINIA

Parris............. X

Slaughter.......... X

Wolf............... X

TO ACCEPT MORE IMMIGRANTS

By a vote of 231 for and 192 against, the House passed a bill (HR 4300) increasing from 540,000 to at least 775,000 the number of legal immigrants America the United States will let in to the country each year. This sent the bill to conference with a Senate bill raising the ceiling to 630,000. The bill is most favorable to foreigners with needed job skills, more than tripling the cap on employment-based visas. Most of the bill's other new slots would go to foreigners with family members in the United States and immigrants from European and African countries that in recent decades have had comparatively low quotas. A yes vote was to pass the bill.

..................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron..................... X

Cardin............. X

Dyson..................... X

Hoyer.............. X

McMillen........... X

Morella............ X

VIRGINIA

Parris.................... X

Slaughter................. X

Wolf...................... X

DEATH PENALTY

By a vote of 271 for and 159 against, the House broadened the death penalty to cover more federal offenses. The amendment also authorized capital punishment when the offender shows "reckless disregard" for the victim's life, thus lowering the current standard requiring proof of intent to kill. The vote occurred during debate on an omnibus crime bill (HR 5269). A yes vote was to toughen the federal death penalty.

..................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron.............. X

Cardin.................... X

Dyson.............. X

Hoyer..................... X

McMillen........... X

Morella................... X

VIRGINIA

Parris............. X

Slaughter.......... X

Wolf............... X

GUN ISSUE

By a vote of 257 for and 172 against, the House killed language in the crime bill (HR 5269) outlawing the domestic assembly and sale of semiautomatic weapons that are identical to banned foreign weapons. The National Rifle Association backed the amendment as consistent with constitutional rights. Critics said it would circumvent President Bush's ban on the importation of so-called "assault weapons" such as AK-47s and Uzis. A yes vote was to strip the bill of gun control language.

..................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron.............. X

Cardin.................... X

Dyson.............. X

Hoyer..................... X

McMillen........... X

Morella................... X

VIRGINIA

Parris............. X

Slaughter.......... X

Wolf...................... X

SENATE VOTES

TO SUPPORT THE PRESIDENT

By a vote of 96 for and 3 against, the Senate approved a resolution (S Con Res 147) commending President Bush's response to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. A yes vote endorsed President Bush's policies against Iraq.

..................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski........... X

Sarbanes........... X

VIRGINIA

Robb............... X

Warner............. X

TO CONFIRM DAVID SOUTER

By a vote of 90 for and 9 against, the Senate confirmed the nomination of Judge David H. Souter of the U.S. First Circuit Court of Appeals to the U.S. Supreme Court. Souter, 51, was to join the court Oct. 9. A yes vote was to confirm Souter as the 105th Supreme Court justice.

..................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski.................. X

Sarbanes........... X

VIRGINIA

Robb............... X

Warner............. X

Compiled by Roll Call Report Syndicate