RICHMOND, OCT. 20 -- Gov. L. Douglas Wilder said tonight that it would be good if next year's redistricting process results in a majority-black congressional district in the state.

The principle of one man, one vote "does not preclude a district emerging like that," Wilder said. It was the first time that Wilder, the nation's first elected black governor, indicated he would support such a plan.

Preliminary census figures indicate that fast-growing Virginia will pick up an 11th congressional seat next year and that within the state legislature, about three House seats and the equivalent of 1 1/2 Senate seats will be switched to highly urbanized Northern Virginia.

Some blacks are urging the Democratic-controlled legislature to carve out a majority-black district in the southern part of the state that would give Virginia its first black member of Congress.

The redistricting plans are expected to be adopted during a special session of the General Assembly next spring.

Wilder's comments to reporters came after a speech to the Freedom Fund banquet of the state NAACP, in which he criticized that organization for threatening to join forces with the Republican Party for the sake of congressional and General Assembly seats.

Wilder said he found such an alliance "strange," especially because no plan yet "has been drawn or seen" by Democrats, who control the legislature.

Wilder, a Democrat, said it is "wrong to write off one party and get in bed with the other, not knowing what's in that bed. You might get bit," Wilder said in his post-speech remarks.

Jack Gravely, state NAACP president, said tonight that the organization will "not argue about the governor's position" but added that "we will oppose any friend or fight any foe to ensure that there is a black congressional district in Virginia in 1991."

Gravely, playing down reports that the NAACP will join with the Republican Party in taking the state to court to ensure that their respective groups get a fair shake in the redistricting, said it is "too early to talk about litigation."

Wilder suggested it would be ludicrous for African Americans to take a plea for a majority-black congressional district into the federal courts because they would "wind up before the same Justice Department" that now seeks to overturn the recently passed Civil Rights Act of 1990.

As for enlisting the aid of Republicans, Wilder pointed out that black leaders are "literally begging" President Bush not to veto the bill, adding, "What party does he {Bush} belong to?"

Wilder, who was warmly applauded at the Freedom Fund banquet, asked the audience, "You tell me, who in Virginia voted for the Civil Rights Act of 1990 and who didn't?" He apparently was referring to Republican members of the state's congressional delegation who opposed the legislation.

"If we assume that Democrats -- and I'm one of them -- are evil, mean people plotting against African Americans," Wilder told the NAACP gathering at the Omni hotel here, "and that the other party is the friend, I wonder where I've been all this time."

Richmond lawyer Sa'ad El-Amin, anticipating Wilder's reluctance to endorse formation of a black congressional district, criticized the governor before the NAACP on Friday for adopting an "I've got mine" attitude.

Wilder dismissed the comments by El-Amin, a longtime nemesis whose name he will not utter. He also dismissed other critics as "latter-day Johnnie-come-latelies who have no successful records of creating or beginning anything positive. I only wonder why a respectable organization would allow such poison to participate."

El-Amin pointed out that as a member of the state Senate in the 1970s, Wilder helped orchestrate a redistricting plan that divided Richmond into two senatorial districts, one 95 percent white, and his own district, 95 percent black.

"If that ain't a single-member district with guaranteed election of an African American, I don't know what is," El-Amin said.