Ice Cream Maker

Tom Carvel, 84, a former drummer who invented a machine to make soft ice cream in the mid-1920s, then parlayed a $15 loan in 1934 from his future wife into a fortune, died Oct. 21 at his home in Pine Plains, N.Y. The cause of death was undetermined, according to the Associated Press.

He was the gravelly voiced spokesman on television and radio for his Carvel Corp., the nation's third-largest ice cream store chain after Dairy Queen and Haagen-Dazs. Carvel, based in Yonkers, N.Y., has more than 700 stores, most of them along the East Coast. In 1989, Mr. Carvel sold his 99 percent ownership in the Carvel Corp. for more than $80 million.

Mr. Carvel founded the ice cream company in 1938, opening his first store in Hartsdale, N.Y. He began narrating his own commercials in 1955, and his pitches to "please visit your local Carvel store" became known to millions. Despite criticism of his diction and syntax, he never edited for flubs and said his commercials "are for the people who look like us, talk like us and sound like us."


Marxist Philosopher

Louis Althusser, 72, one of Europe's most prominent Marxist philosophers who was best known for provocative interpretations of the works of Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud and Mao Zedong, died Oct. 22 at a hospital south of Paris. The cause of death was not reported.

He joined the French Communist Party in 1948, and though he never quit, he was one of its most outspoken critics. In 1978 he published a series of articles in the prestigious Paris daily newspaper Le Monde outlining the party's failings.

Mr. Althusser, who had a history of emotional instability in later years, was the object of sensational news coverage after he strangled his wife in 1980 on the premises of the Ecole Normale Superieur, where he taught. In 1981, he was judged mentally incompetent to stand trial and was hospitalized at a Paris psychiatric facility until 1984.


Movie Producer

Lester Cowan, 83, an independent producer whose credits include the W.C. Fields comedies "You Can't Cheat an Honest Man" and "My Little Chickadee," died Oct. 21 at his home in Los Angeles after an apparent heart attack.

He was production supervisor of John Ford's 1935 film "The Whole Town's Talking," starring Edward G. Robinson and Jean Arthur. Four years later he produced the first of his own films, "You Can't Cheat an Honest Man." His 1940 film, "My Little Chickadee," costarred Fields and Mae West. In the 1940s, he produced "Commandos Strike at Dawn," "Tomorrow the World" and "The Story of G.I. Joe."


Miss Liberty Model

Teresa De Francisci, 92, the model for Miss Liberty on the 1921 silver Peace Dollar, died of respiratory failure Oct. 20 at a hospital in New York City.

The Peace Dollar, created by her husband, Anthony, to mark the return of peace after World War I, was issued from 1921 to 1928 and again in 1934 and 1935. It is now a collector's item.

Mrs. De Francisci, who was a native of Italy, came to this country at the age of 4. She grew up in Clinton, Mass.



Barney Nagler, 78, who had written the daily general sports column "On Second Thought" for the Daily Racing Form for the past 40 years and who had served as president of the Boxing Writers Association, died of a respiratory ailment Oct. 22 at a hospital in Freehold, N.J.

Mr. Nagler, who had been a sportswriter for more than 50 years, wrote mostly about boxing and thoroughbred racing. He also had been a television producer and writer for ABC and NBC, and is credited with naming ABC's "Wide World of Sports."