The following is a report of how some major bills fared in Congress last week and a record of how local members of Congress voted.

Maryland senators are Democrats Paul S. Sarbanes and Barbara A. Mikulski. Virginia senators are Republican John W. Warner and Democrat Charles S. Robb.

Maryland representatives to the House are Roy P. Dyson (D-1st), Benjamin L. Cardin (D-3rd), Tom McMillen (D-4th), Steny H. Hoyer (D-5th), Beverly B. Byron (D-6th), and Constance A. Morella (R-8th).

Virginia representatives are D. French Slaughter (R-7th), Stan Parris (R-8th), and Frank R. Wolf (R-10th).

NV means Not Voting.

HOUSE VOTES TO REDUCE DEFICIT

By a vote of 227 for and 203 against, the House sent to conference with the Senate a Democratic-drafted budget reconciliation bill (HR 5835) that is the cornerstone of a plan to reduce deficits by $40 billion in fiscal 1991 and $500 billion between 1991 and 1995. Sponsors said they hoped the plan would cut annual deficits from the current $300 billion-plus range to double digits within a few years. This bill accounts for nearly $200 billion of the targeted $500 billion, with the remainder to be achieved as individual committees make program cuts the legislation requires of them. Its major component is nearly $150 billion in new taxes (see next issue) that touch all income levels, but hit hardest at the wealthy. A yes vote was for the Democratic-drafted budget bill.

................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron............ X

Cardin........... X

Dyson................... X

Hoyer............ X

McMillen......... X

Morella.......... X

VIRGINIA

Parris.................. X

Slaughter............... X

Wolf.................... X

THE DEMOCRATIC FISCAL PLAN

By a vote of 238 for and 192 against, the House amended HR 5835 (above) to incorporate tax increases, Medicare cuts and other provisions drafted by the tax-writing Ways and Means Committee to form the heart of the $500 billion reconciliation bill. Provisions aimed at the wealthy would increase top-bracket income tax rates from 28 to 33 percent, put a ten percent surtax on taxable income above $1 million, levy a 10 percent luxury tax on certain expensive consumer goods and increase the alternative minimum tax utilized by many affluent taxpayers from 21 to 25 percent. Among provisions that could affect most or all income levels, the measure delays for one year the adjustment of income tax brackets for inflation, raises taxes on cigarettes and alcoholic beverages, increases airline ticket taxes and allows certain tax-free capital gains. To cushion the impact of higher sales taxes on the working poor, it increases the earned income tax credit. Regarding the elderly, the measure hikes monthly Medicare insurance premiums from $28.60 to $46.20 by 1995, raises from $51,300 to $100,000 the wage base for the 1.45 percent Medicare payroll tax and increases the Medicare deductible for doctors' bills from $75 to $100. A yes vote supported the deficit-reduction amendments.

................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron............ X

Cardin........... X

Dyson................... X

Hoyer............ X

McMillen......... X

Morella.......... X

VIRGINIA

Parris.................. X

Slaughter............... X

Wolf.................... X

TRADE WITH CHINA

The House voted 247 for and 174 against to end trade preferences for China. This approved a measure (HJ Res 647) overturning President Bush's designation of China as a most-favored trading partner despite its restrictions on emigration by its citizens. A yes vote was to stop favored treatment of imports from China.

................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron................... X

Cardin........... X

Dyson............ X

Hoyer............ X

McMillen......... X

Morella.......... X

VIRGINIA

Parris.................. X

Slaughter............... X

Wolf............. X

TO CUT DEFENSE

The House refused, 201 for and 215 against, to cut 2 percent across-the-board from the $268.2 billion defense appropriations bill for fiscal 1991. The bill (HR 5803) was passed and sent to conference with the Senate. A yes vote was to cut the 1991 defense budget by 2 percent.

................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron................... X

Cardin........... X

Dyson................... X

Hoyer................... X

McMillen................ X

Morella.......... X

VIRGINIA

Parris......................... X

Slaughter............... X

Wolf.................... X

COVERT AID TO ANGOLA

By a vote of 175 for and 246 against, the House rejected an amendment to end covert aid, reportedly $60 million this year, to the UNITA forces fighting the Soviet-backed Marxist government of Angola. The amendment stipulated that any continuation of the aid be openly requested by President Bush and publicly approved by Congress. A yes vote was to end covert aid to anti-Marxist rebels in Angola.

................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron................... X

Cardin........... X

Dyson................... X

Hoyer............ X

McMillen................ X

Morella................. X

VIRGINIA

Parris.................. X

Slaughter............... X

Wolf.................... X

CIVIL RIGHTS BILL

By a vote of 273 for and 154 against, the House approved the conference report on a bill (S 2104) making it easier for minorities, women and others to seek redress in the courts against job discrimination. President Bush has said he will veto the bill because it could lead employers to adopt personnel quotas. A yes vote was to approve the bill.

................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron............ X

Cardin........... X

Dyson............ X

Hoyer............ X

McMillen......... X

Morella.......... X

VIRGINIA

Parris.................. X

Slaughter............... X

Wolf.................... X

SENATE VOTES FISCAL PLAN

By a vote of 54 for and 46 against, the Senate sent to conference with the House its version of the most massive deficit reduction ever attempted by Congress, a bill (S 3209) to reduce red ink by $500 billion between fiscal 1991 and fiscal 1995. One key difference between the House measure (above) and Senate bill is that the latter raises the federal gasoline tax, from 9 to 18.5 cents per gallon. Another is that the Senate does not raise the top-bracket tax rate, as the House does, but increases taxes on the wealthy by curbing their deductions. Nor does the Senate go along with the House plan to delay for one year the adjustment of income tax brackets for inflation, a revenue-raiser that has drawn heavy Republican criticism. The Senate version achieves smaller Medicare savings than the House measure. A yes vote supported the $500 billion deficit-reduction plan.

................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski......... X

Sarbanes......... X

VIRGINIA

Robb............. X

Warner........... X

GASOLINE TAX

The Senate refused, 40 for and 59 against, to take a crucial procedural step toward removing an increase in the federal gasoline tax from the budget reconciliation bill (S 3209; see preceding vote). This left intact langauge to raise the tax from 9 to 18.5 cents a gallon. A yes vote was to move toward deleting the gasoline tax hike.

................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski................ X

Sarbanes................ X

VIRGINIA

Robb.................... X

Warner.................. X

CIVIL RIGHTS BILL

By a vote of 62 for and 34 against, the Senate approved the conference report on a bill (S 2104) to combat workplace discrimination based on race, sex, religion, nationality or color (see issue above). Sixty-seven votes are needed to override President Bush's promised veto of the bill, if all 100 senators vote. A yes vote supported the bill.

................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski......... X

Sarbanes......... X

VIRGINIA

Robb............. X

Warner.................. X

ABORTION

By a 48-48 tie vote, the Senate failed to table (kill) a requirement that medical authorities notify at least one parent in advance when a daughter under 18 is scheduled for an abortion in a federally funded hospital or clinic.A yes vote was against the parental notification requirement.

................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski......... X

Sarbanes......... X

VIRGINIA

Robb............. X

Warner.................. X