('SHADOW') U.S. SENATOR

Term: 6 Years for candidate with largest number of votes; 4 Years for candidate with second largest number of votes

Salary: None

QUESTION: Specifically, how would you go about lobbying Congress for D.C. statehood?

Vote for two:

Harry Toussaint Alexander (Independent)

Lee Black (Independent)

Minton Francis (Republican)

Joan Gillison (Republican)

Jesse L. Jackson Sr. (Democrat)

Sam Manuel (Socialist Workers)

Anthony W. Peacock (D.C. Statehood)

Florence Pendleton (Democrat)

John West (Independent)

David Louis Whitehead (Independent)

Keith Mario Wilkerson (D.C. Statehood)

Harry Toussaint Alexander (I)

5701 Utah Ave. NW

Age: 66

Retired judge; JD, Georgetown University Law Center, 1952, book review editor of the Law Journal, had two civil rights articles before Brown vs. Board of Education; adjunct professor, Howard University and University of the District of Columbia; president, NAACP, 1976; author of "Appellate Practice," 1970; lecturer and speaker; 41 years of service to the people of the District of Columbia includes efforts to eliminate guns, crime and drugs, to improve the quality of the courts and to provide increased support for education and better physical and mental health care; testifed before congressional committee in support of home rule; active in various religious and civic organizations..

A: As a shadow senator, I would seek to mobilize a united front involving the other shadow senator and the shadow representative. We would caucus with the delegate of the District of Columbia, the mayor and the city council in order to present a united front. We would then seek to visit with senators or their administrative assistants who have favored D.C. statehood. They would be assured of our continued sincere quest for statehood, backed by the strong approval by the citizens, as well as our strong determination to maintain a "republican form of government" consistent with the Constitution of the United States. Senators favoring D.C. statehood would be requested to assist in winning the support of senators not previously disposed to statehood. They would also be requested to assist with winning the votes of representatives of their respective states. Finally, I would work harmoniously with D.C. officials to maintain solidarity and strength.

Lee Black (I)

2419 S. 27th St., Arlington

(Note: For this office, residency in the District is not a requirement until Election Day)

Age: 51

Federal government retiree; volunteer chairman, Senator Claude Pepper Fellowship Foundation 1975 to present; BS, Morgan State; MA, public administration, University of Pittsburgh, 1963; served under Patricia Harris, Sterling Tucker and the late Betti Whaley, HUD, managing a $100 million bank deposit program, 1976-1983; recipient, matching grants of $500 and $20,000 respectively from the Congressional Black Caucus and the MacArthur Foundation; participant, marches at Selma and Montgomery with the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.; member, AFL-CIO (S.A.G.), NARFE retiree, AFGE, Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Prince Hall Masons 33rd degree, AME church, Business and Professional Women's Capital Club, Navy Officers Club, Postmasters League; registered Democrat; Washington Press Corps.

A: I propose early hearings before the House District Committee on voting representation and increased federal payment. I would strive to form a "model state legislature", built around the city's present ANC membership and structure as a forerunner to the delegate and governor system proposed in the statehood constitution. I also conceive of the "State of New Columbia" as having a new tax and revenue base from tourism, to supplement the federal payment. I view the statehood constitution as a mandate to pursue voting representation in Congress for the District of Columbia and its citizens. My experience in complex government and legislative redistricting, including studies of statehood for Alaska and Hawaii, as well as professional associations with Metro Dade County (21 municipalities) and the Stamford (Conn.) City Commission (31 member legislative body), have prepared me to meet the challenge of serving the full six-year term in office.

Minton Francis (R)

1800 Sudbury Rd. NW

Age: 67

Management consultant, president of Francis Inc.; civilian aide to the Secretary of the Army for the District of Columbia; board member, USO-Metro and Washington Historical Society; vice chairman, D.C. Republican Committee; member, Washington Institute of Foreign Affairs, Association of the U.S. Army; lector and member of development and finance committees, Saint Gabriel's Catholic Church; trustee emeritus, U.S. Military Academy at West Point; former deputy assistant secretary of defense (awarded Distinguished Service Medal); former director of university planning, Howard University; member, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Disabled American Veterans, National Press Club and Army and Navy Club. A: I am certain that we Washingtonians want, deserve and have a right to full and effective voting representation in the Congress of the United States. How this is to be achieved is less important and, indeed, less clear than the need and the right to have it, because it will finally close the circle in terms of total participation by Washingtonians in all aspects of our governance. If the full gamut of governing actions is ceded to Washingtonians -- that is, if there is a reliable formula for federal budgetary support, if the local government is granted total appointive powers and if it has full taxing authority and the right to enact laws for Washingtonians free of external review -- and these are added to full voting representation in Congress, then there is no need for statehood and the means to our end is greatly simplified.

Joan Gillison (R)

3431 14th St. NW

Age: 60

Clinical social worker, D.C. public schools; associate professor, Louisiana State University; assistant professor, Texas Southern University; social worker, D.C. departments of Human Services and Recreation; social worker, Jewish Community Center of Greater Washington, American Red Cross, Barney Neighborhood House; board member, Hillcrest Children's Center, Baton Rouge (La.) Youth Services; educated at University of Wyoming, Central State University and Howard University, with BA, master of social work degrees; member, National Association of Social Workers; clinical register, Academy of Certified Social Workers and Licensed Independent Clinical Social Workers.

A: I would establish a spirit of cooperation with the D.C. delegate and D.C. government to gain their assistance to lobby Congress. With this tripartite approach, the passage of the necessary legislation would be facilitated. Moreover, in this quest for statehood, great caution should be taken to assure that the citizens of the District of Columbia are guaranteed, in all aspects, a better quality of life with significant legislative safeguards to protect their best interests. The U.S. senator's voice would be extended beyond the boundaries of the District of Columbia, to the voters in the 50 states, rallying their input and support of the District's rights to representation in Congress. Citizen organizations throughout the United States, along with the unified tripartite efforts focused on a single goal, would be utilized to secure representation in Congress for the citizens of the District of Columbia.

Jesse L. Jackson Sr. (D)

6101 16th St. NW

Age: 48

Clergyman; founder and president, National Rainbow Coalition Inc.; Democratic candidate for U.S. president in 1984 (received 3.5 million votes in primaries) and 1988 (7 million votes); founding president, Operation PUSH (People United to Serve Humanity); founder, PUSH for Excellence Inc.; author, "Straight From the Heart" and "Keep Hope Alive"; BA, sociology, North Carolina A&T University; attended Chicago Theology Seminary for two years; recipient of more than 50 honorary doctorates; negotiated release of Lt. Robert Goodman from Syrian captivity and 48 Cubans and Cuban Americans from Cuban jails, 1984; negotiated moral covenants with U.S. corporations for economic development and job creation in minority communities; married; five children.

A: Statehood for the District of Columbia requires legislation passed by a majority in the House and Senate and the president's signature. We must persuade a majority in Congress and the president that creating New Columbia is morally right, rationally sound, legally possible and constitutionally permitted. We must use every means available to us, within the law -- from direct action to small groups to television -- to educate about the contradiction of 600,000 taxpaying Americans forced to live politically disenfranchised in our nation's capital -- the cradle of democracy. Gaining statehood will require local and national mobilization and motivation, public education and political struggle -- things that as a human rights and political activist for most of my life I feel uniquely qualified to do. Also, the fact that I won 7 million votes nationally, including 91 congressional districts, and finished first or second in 46 of 54 Democratic presidential primary races in 1988 -- and may run in 1992 -- means Congress and the president cannot ignore statehood.

Sam Manuel (SW)

521 Peabody St. NW

Age: 41

Brakeman; 20-year activist for equal rights for blacks; former president, Black Student Union at Georgia State University, helped lead a fight for accreditation of a black studies program; active in efforts to enforce school desegregation in Boston, New York and Los Angeles; member, United Steelworkers Union, helped organize defense of affirmative action hiring and training programs; currently active in local anti-apartheid groups, traveled throughout southern Africa.

A: Like all important gains in progressive social legislation in this country, the right to equal representation -- that is, statehood -- will not be the result of "lobbying" Congress. Statehood will be won through the direct political action of working people themselves. Working people won the right to organize unions on the picket line and through massive sit-down strikes. Legislation upholding the equal rights of blacks came only as a result of protests by hundreds of thousands of blacks, whites and others across the country. Equality for women -- from the right to vote to the right to choose an abortion -- has been wrenched from administrations, the courts and Congress only by the direct action of women and men in a united movement. If elected a U.S. senator, my office will join all those ready to fight to end the "bantustan-like" status (politically separated areas for blacks in South Africa) of working people in the District of Columbia, by helping to organize the broadest education and discussion on this issue with the aim of mobilizing working people and their allies in action for statehood.

Anthony W. Peacock (DCS)

1809 Riggs Pl. NW

Age: 33

Director of finance, American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing; tutor, Project Northstar; mediator, D.C. Superior Court Mediation Service; Washington Financial Roundtable; Greater Washington Society of Association Executives; finance and business administration, George Washington University; Archbishop John Carroll High School; lifelong resident of D.C.

A: I would go about lobbying Congress for D.C. statehood by using a three-track approach. Track number one: I would personally visit members of Congress and inform them about the positive attributes District residents can contribute to this country as residents of New Columbia; this is something I have been doing since 1987. To name a few, we will bring to Congress an educated population, a reduction in the federal deficit (because we can raise our own state revenues and therefore reduce the federal payment to D.C.), and the assurance that a federal city will remain in Washington. We only want statehood for those areas that are non-federal. Track two: I would continue to educate the public about the need for statehood because of the opportunity of self-determination and representation along with taxation. Track three: I would continue to encourage people to get behind this issue of statehood. We who want statehood must become active. We cannot wait for others to do our job. We collectively cannot be denied. I urge you to vote on Nov. 6 for Anthony W. Peacock, the Statehood candidate for U.S. senator.

Florence Pendleton (D)

147 S St. NW

Special assistant to the assistant superintendent, Division of Junior High Schools for Vocational/Technical Education, D.C. public schools; chairman, D.C. Advisory Neighborhood Commission 5C; alternate delegate, Democratic National Convention, 1980; vice president, secretary, D.C. Association of Secondary School Principals; member, D.C. Democratic State Committee; Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority; national historian and protocol chairman, Drifters Inc.; secretary and negotiating team member, Council of School Officers, Local 4, AFL-CIO; educator/administrator, D.C. public schools, 1958 to present; instructor, Morgan State University; chairman, treasurer, Ward 5 Democrats, 1979-87; Metropolitan Citizens Advisory Council; Center City Community Corporation.

A: My primary responsibility as United States senator would be to convince a simple majority of the members of the Senate that taxation without representation is cruel, unjust and oppressive management being inflicted by this U.S. government on the residents of the District of Columbia. After the statehood team has been introduced to the members of the Senate, we would move to contact the chairman of the Senate Committee on District Affairs for a meeting with his committee members. At this meeting, we would exchange views, identify our supporters and share with the committee members our statehood plan. We would develop strategies with our supporters that would help us meet with success. The name of the game would be "winning friends and influencing people," both in the Senate and throughout the 50 states. This plan would achieve statehood and full citizenship for the residents of the District of Columbia.

John West (I)

237 57th Pl. NE

Age: 57

Vice president, Yuri Sup-Erb; candidate was subject of newspaper articles whose writer, Samuel Stafford, won the Heywood Broun Memorial Award, 1962; graduate of Elysion College, 1978; studied legislative affairs and lobbying at Catholic University of America, 1982; D.C. Council candidate, 1974-86; D.C. Central Committee member, 1980-85; George Bush delegate, GOP National Convention, 1980; member, Reagan/Bush D.C. executive advisory committee, 1981; member, Martha Roundtree Leadership Foundation, 1981; founder, Volunteer Transportation Services, forerunner of Meals on Wheels and the Department of Aging's free transportation for senior citizens, 1962; member, advisory board, American Security Council, 1984; member, Friends of John F. Kennedy Center, 1985; member, U.S. presidential transition team, 1988-89.

A: As senator I would work with the D.C. Statehood/Compact Commission, and I would seek out other groups that have sought to accomplish self-rule and responsible government for the District. I would listen closely for the voice of the people and I would seek advice to improve the effectiveness of government at all levels and relay such to Congress. I would lobby Congress for a greater share of federal dollars, and I would seek to make the District of Columbia a true color-blind state, where, under the law, citizens could find justice and safety. I would campaign and champion an idea of the D.C. Service Corps to create genuine work, coupled with an individualized education advancement program. I would lobby Congress on issues that affect D.C. residents, such as education, retirement security, government workers, veterans, medical care and the environment.

David Louis Whitehead (I)

300 M St. SW

Age: 33

Former intelligence analyst and personnel recruiter, CIA; graduate student in international relations, Howard University; BA, political science, Southern University, 1980; lecturer on government at minority institutions; active in Barry Farms Day Care Program; received exceptional performance award from the CIA, 1990; candidate for U.S. Naval Aviation Officers Programs, 1981-82.

A: In lobbying Congress for D.C. statehood, to begin, I would meet with the senators and identify those who are against our cause. I would tell them that the founders of our nation and the authors of our Constitution never imagined that Congress would hold the people of the nation's capital hostage. I would explain that self-determination is a basic tenet of this great land and that taxation without representation caused the American Revolution. I would argue that partisan politics must not control their decisions. Rather, this country must do the right thing by Washington, D.C. As a senator, I would also immediately address the main concern of Washingtonians: our lack of voting rights. I would work to get Washington one voting representative in both the House and the Senate. This would serve as a transition to statehood and give us a voice on Capitol Hill until our goal is achieved.

Keith Mario Wilkerson (DCS)

1701 15th St. NW

Age: 34

Substitute teacher, Browne Junior High School; gardener/consultant, Association for the Renewal of Education; artist; representative, Presbyterian Men Synod of the Mid-Atlantic, 1988-present; BA, College of Wooster, 1978; Great Lakes College Arts Association arts program, 1978; Phelps Vocational School, adult education, certificates in horticulture, floriculture, 1988-90; volunteer, District Curators' Activities for Downtown Development Arts Festival, 1984-88; D.C. Commission on the Arts and Humanities Geographical Development Grant (Barry Farms), 1986; internship, D.C. Artwork; interpreter, Capital Children's Museum; docent, Art Barn; received National Jaycees Outstanding Young Men in America citation, 1986; graduate, D.C. public schools.

A: Lobbying Congress would be beneficial if and when the people of the District of Columbia and the United States are well informed of our plight for self-determination. Without an informed public, we will continue to have such ignorance in Congress and at home. The registration of the uninformed and the strength of the political process (voting) is a beginning.