Term: 4 years

Salary (Gov.): $120,000

(Lt. Gov.): $100,000

QUESTION (for Governor): How will the apparent slowdown in the economy affect the level of services offered by state government? Is a tax increase unavoidable?


Vote for one ticket:

William Donald Schaefer (Gov. -- Democrat)

and Melvin A. Steinberg (Lt. Gov. -- Democrat)

William S. Shepard (Gov. -- Republican)

and Lois B. Shepard (Lt. Gov. -- Republican)

William Donald Schaefer (D)

620 Edgewood St., Baltimore

Age: 68


Governor of Maryland, 1986-present; mayorof Baltimore, 1971-86; president, Baltimore City Council, 1967-71; member, Baltimore City Council, 1955-67; fifth person in nation to receive the "Distinguished Public Service Award" from Brandeis University along with Eleanor Roosevelt, Chief Justice Earl Warren, Watergate prosecutor Leon Jaworski and Speaker of the House Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill;University of Baltimore Law School, 1939; University of Baltimore, master of laws, 1951; served in U.S. Army, World War II.

A. We do not know the extent of the current economic slowdown. However, the state has taken initial steps to maintain the current level of services by placing a freeze on hiring, eliminating out-of-state travel and delaying equipment purchases. Each year, we also examine all of our existing programs to see if there are some that have outlived their usefulness or no longer have a high priority. You can be certain that these programs would be eliminated or reduced in the 1992 budget, which I would submit to the legislature in January. Compared to many other states, the economy of Maryland is not as sensitive to rises or drops in the national economy or to swings in federal spending. In addition, we have $135 million in state reserve funds to help us bridge any short-term revenue gap. Taking all these factors together, we would weather the economic slowdown without having to take drastic fiscal measures.

Melvin A. Steinberg (D)

13 Stone Hollow Ct., Pikesville

Age: 57


Maryland lieutenant governor, 1986-present; state senator, 1966-86; Senate president, 1983-86; chairman, Senate Finance Committee, 1979-82; vice chairman, Judicial Proceedings Committee, 1975-79; chairman, Governor's Commission on Drug and Alcohol Abuse; chairman, Maryland Executive Helicopter Advisory Committee; chairman, Peabody Conservatory Oversight Committee; executive committee member, National Conference of Lieutenant Governors; served in U.S. Navy aboard Destroyer Robert K. Huntington; lawyer; graduate, University of Baltimore and Baltimore City public schools; married; three children.

William S. Shepard (R)

8602 Hidden Hill Lane, Potomac

Age: 55

Arms control consultant/former career diplomat; director of congressional affairs, U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, 1987-89; president, Republican Club of Montgomery County, 1987; U.S. congressional candidate, Maryland's 8th District, 1986; congressional fellow and legislative assistant to U.S. Sen. Robert J. Dole, 1982-83; U.S. Foreign Service, 1965-85, including service in Vietnam, Greece, Hungary and as U.S. Consul General to Bordeaux, 1983-85; captain, Judge Advocate General's Corps, U.S. Army Reserve, 1961-64; JD, Harvard Law School, 1961; Fulbright grant to France, 1957-58; AB, cum laude, Wesleyan University, 1957; Who's Who in America, 44th and later editions.

A. Always desirable, a thorough analysis of the Maryland state budget department by department is now mandatory if we are to plan expenditures intelligently. The Schaefer administration has brought us from a $400 million surplus to a $150 million deficit in just two years. That finally admitted deficit constitutes Maryland's clear warning, if we are to seize this opportunity to avoid the recent fate of Massachusetts and the present Virginia budget cutbacks. That is why I have assigned my lieutenant governor-nominee to the precise task of analyzing and aiding me to reprioritize the state budget. The question cannot be answered fully without knowing the extent of a future economic slowdown. Is it stagflation, or a recession or neither? I would work toward the best case through aggressively attracting new industry. If the worst came regionally, I would emphasize needed services to help people, and the costs would be addressed accordingly.

Lois B. Shepard (R)

8602 Hidden Hill Lane, Potomac

Age: 52

President, Shepard International Group; director, Institute of Museum Services, 1986-89; chairman, Republicans Abroad International, 1981-85; Dean of women, Harker Prep, Potomac, 1974-76; teacher; arts spokesman, Bush-Quayle campaign; director, Americans Abroad, Reagan-Bush, 1980, 1984; official party representative, British Conservative Party Conference, 1982, 1984; alternate delegate for George Bush, Detroit convention, 1980; graduate, Senior Government Managers Program, Harvard University; BA, Vassar College; married to Bill Shepard for 30 years; three children.