Actor and Teacher

Herbert Berghof, 81, an actor, director and acting coach who taught such stars as Al Pacino, Robert De Niro, Geraldine Page, Fritz Weaver, Anne Bancroft, Liza Minnelli and Matthew Broderick, died of a heart ailment Nov. 5 at his home in Manhattan.

After fleeing his native Austria in 1938, he opened an acting school in New York in 1945. Two years later he became a charter member of the Actors Studio, but later moved away from method acting when he shifted his own focus to an emphasis on actions rather than thoughts and reactions.

Among the plays he directed was the American premiere of Samuel Beckett's "Waiting for Godot," in 1956. He also directed New York productions of Jean Cocteau's "Infernal Machine" (1958), F. Scott Fitzgerald's "This Side of Paradise" (1962), and Peter Hacks's "Charlotte," starring his wife, Uta Hagen, in 1980. Mr. Berghof had appeared as an actor on Broadway in "King Lear" (1940), "Little Women" (1944), "Ghosts" and Hedda Gabler" (1948).


Molecular Biologist

Cyrus Levinthal, 68, a molecular biologist whose studies showed a direct relationship between genes and the proteins they encode, died of cancer Nov. 4 at his home in New York City.

In the early 1960s, he showed that mutations in specific sites on a gene produced changes in corresponding sites in proteins encoded by the gene. He also was the first scientist to measure the size of an organism's complete genome, one complete set of chromosomes.

Dr. Levinthal worked for the past 22 years at Columbia University. He joined the university as the first chairman of its biological sciences department.


AF Lieutenant General

Richard Clark Lindsay, 85, a retired Air Force lieutenant general who commanded NATO air forces in southern Europe, died Nov. 3 at a hospital in Glendale, Calif., after a heart attack.

During World War II, he was assistant training director at Brooks Field in Texas and served with the War Department general staff. He became chief of the combined joint staff division of the Army Air Forces headquarters in 1944, then in 1945, became assistant chief of staff for plans of the U.S. Army Strategic Air Forces at Guam.

Gen. Lindsay served in Tokyo for 10 years, before becoming commander of NATO air forces in southern Europe in 1957. He held the post until retiring from active duty in 1960.


French Chef

Raymond Oliver, 81, who was considered among the greatest French chefs of the century, died Nov. 5 in Paris. The cause of death was not reported.

Together with Guy Gerard, Jean-Claude Vrinat and Jacques Maniere, Mr. Oliver was one of the most highly regarded chefs of his era. He wrote 26 books about cooking and from 1953 to 1968 was host of the country's most popular food program on television, "Art and Magic From the Kitchen."

In 1948, he purchased Le Grand Vefour in Paris and transformed it into an exclusive dining spot that earned the Michelin guidebook's prized third star. He detested the light nouvelle cuisine popular in recent years, his specialty being the rich cuisine of his Bordeaux youth. He ran the restaurant until his retirement at age 75, after a terrorist bombing at the restaurant.


Nicaraguan Cartoonist

Daniel Sanchez Flores, 30, a Nicaraguan political cartoonist who was known throughout Latin America by his pen name, Roger, died of cancer Nov. 4 in Managua.

His cartoons made him a controversial figure. He condemned double standards, bureaucracy and authoritarians. He admired the Sandinista revolution, but criticized its shortcomings.

Mr. Sanchez directed the weekly humor sheet La Semana Comica, wrote several comic books and contributed to various newspapers, including the pro-government La Prensa. His works, some of which were translated into English, include "This is Serious," "Popular Cartoons," "Two of Lime and One of Salt" and "Erotic Humor."