HARRY M. CAUDILL
Writer on Appalachia
Harry M. Caudill, 68, whose book "Night Comes to the Cumberlands" helped inspire President Lyndon B. Johnson's war on poverty, died Nov. 29 at a hospital in Whitesburg, Ky. Authorities said he shot himself in the head outside his home in Whitesburg.
He is best known for his 1963 book "Night Comes to the Cumberlands," an expose of poverty in Appalachia. The book described environmental problems caused by strip mining, criticized absentee landowners and urged improving the region's schools.
Mr. Caudill, a retired lawyer and state legislator, taught Appalachian history for eight years at the University of Kentucky until 1985. He was the author of 10 books, 80 essays and editorials, and about 50 magazine articles criticizing injustices facing Appalachian residents.
Russell Markert, 91, who founded Radio City Music Hall's Rockettes and choreographed their high-kicking routines for 39 years before retiring in 1971, died Dec. 1 at a hospital in Waterbury, Conn. The cause of death was not reported.
Mr. Markert was a dancer in Broadway shows in the 1920s, and was performing in "No, No, Nanette" in 1925 when he went to St. Louis to realize his dream of producing a chorus line of tall female dancers.
The group he formed, "The 16 Missouri Rockets," began performing in St. Louis and later toured as "The American Rockets." New York showman Samuel "Roxy" Rothafel hired them. In 1932, he opened the Radio City Music Hall at Rockefeller Center, with the chorus line that had changed its name to the "Rockettes."
TAMARA De TREAUX
Tamara De Treaux, 31, a 31-inch-tall actress who played the lovable alien in the Oscar-winning "E.T., the Extra-Terrestrial," died of heart and respiratory ailments Nov. 28 at a hospital in North Hollywood, Calif.
She began her acting career on the stage in San Francisco, then joined a singing group called The Medflies in 1980. Film director Steven Spielberg spotted her during a performance and hired her for the role of the Earth-stuck alien in "E.T." after the original actor was injured.
Miss De Treaux played the lovable but ugly E.T. in scenes that required movement, while a robot was used in close-ups. Miss De Treaux also appeared in the movies "Ghoulies" as Greedigut and "Rockula" as Bat Dork. She recently completed filming "Love in Venice" and "The Linguine Incident."
Pierre Dux, 82, one of the century's great French classical performers and former head of the prestigious Comedie Francaise, died Dec. 1 in Paris. The cause of death was not reported.
He received first prize at the nation's top acting school, the Conservatory, in 1929 and entered the Comedie, home to France's best stage actors. He played lead roles in several productions, then served as its general administrator for a time after World War II. He served a second time from 1970 to 1979.
Mr. Dux's film credits included "Monsieur Vincent," "Is Paris Burning?" and "Z." He also appeared frequently on television, directed stage and television productions and wrote several books on the theater.
Hilde Spiel, 79, an Austrian writer who made England her second home after fleeing her native land to escape the Nazis, died Nov. 29 at her home in Vienna. The cause of death was not reported.
Most of her work was written in German, but her novel "The Darkened Room" was published in 1961 in English. In addition to novels, essays and journalistic work, she wrote historical essays and biographies, including one of Britain's Sir Laurence Olivier. She most recently published the second volume of her memoirs.
Some of her books were controversial in Austria because of portrayals of the dark side of Viennese society. In 1988, she turned down an invitation to speak at the opening of the prestigious Salzburg Festival because she didn't want to share the podium with Austrian President Kurt Waldheim, who was accused of concealing his World War II past.
David White, 74, the actor who played long-suffering advertising executive Larry Tate on ABC-TV's "Bewitched," died Nov. 27 at a hospital in North Hollywood, Calif., after a heart attack.
He was best known for portraying Darrin Stephens's clumsy, demanding boss on the comedy series "Bewitched." The show, which starred Elizabeth Montgomery and her twitching nose, ran from 1964 to 1972.
He also appeared in such television series as "Cagney & Lacey," "Remington Steele," "Quincy, M.E.," "The Love Boat" and "The Mary Tyler Moore Show." His film credits included "Sweet Smell of Success," "The Apartment," "The Great Imposter," "Madison Avenue" and "Sunrise at Campobello."