Political Philosopher

Michael Oakeshott, 89, a political philosopher whose stress on personal responsibility and freedom was said by some to have laid the foundations for Margaret Thatcher's social policies, died Dec. 18 at his home at Acton in England. The cause of death was not reported.

Mr. Oakeshott, the son of a prominent socialist, was educated at Cambridge University. In 1951, when he became university professor of political science at London University's London School of Economics, his conservative ideas were a sharp contrast with socialist Harold Laski, whom he replaced. He held the post until retiring in 1969.

He was credited with turning conservative opinion away from social planning and back to personal responsibility and freedom. His books included "Experience and its Modes," published in 1933; "Social and Political Doctrines of Contemporary Europe;" "Hobbes's Leviathan;" "Rationalism in Politics and Other Essays;" "On Human Conduct;" and "The Voice of Liberal Learning," which came out just last year.


South Dakota Governor

Sigurd Anderson, 86, a former governor and attorney general of South Dakota who also had served on the Federal Trade Commission, died of cancer Dec. 21 in Webster, S.D.

In 1946, he was elected as a Republican as the state's attorney general. He won a second term in 1948. He won elections as governor in 1950 and 1952. After his second term as governor, he was appointed to the FTC by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Gov. Anderson resigned from the commission in 1964 to make another run for governor, but lost the GOP primary to Nils Boe. As governor, Boe later appointed Anderson to fill a vacancy as a circuit judge. He retired from the bench in 1975.


Teacher and Writer

Ishak Mousa Husseini, 86, a noted Palestinian writer and teacher who sought to explain Arab history to the West, died Dec. 18 in Jerusalem. The cause of death was not disclosed.

During a teaching career that spanned more than four decades, he taught at Jerusalem's Arabic College, the American University of Beirut and the American University of Cairo. In 1982, he founded the Women's Art College, which is part of Jerusalem University, and was its president until his death.

An expert in Semitic languages, he was a leading figure in the Arabic linguistic academies in Egypt and Iraq. He was the author of 22 books, including the 1943 novel "Memoirs of Chicken," which was considered controversial in the Arab world because it criticized the low status given to Arab women.