The obituary Dec. 25 about Karl H. Hinke, a New York state banker, based on reports of the Associated Press, incorrectly identified him as the creator of MasterCard. The AP issued a correction noting that Mr. Hinke "was a key figure" in the founding of what eventually became MasterCard but was not its sole creator. (Published 1/ 5/91)


MasterCard Pioneer

Karl H. Hinke, 84, a retired executive of Marine Midland Bank who also was a former chairman of the Interbank Card Association and the creator of the MasterCard credit card, died Dec. 22 at his home in East Aurora, N.Y. The cause of death was not reported.

Mr. Hinke, a former Marine Midland executive vice president, retired from Marine Midland's board of directors in 1971 and from the Marine Advisory Council, a group of former Marine Midland directors, in 1982. He had worked for the bank for 55 years,

MasterCard, originally called Master Charge, was started by Marine Midland in 1966 at the urging of Mr. Hinke. The trial operation was in Binghamton, N.Y. It quickly attracted major city banks, including Chase Manhattan, Mellon Bank and the Bank of Detroit, which formed the Interbank Card Association in 1966. By the end of 1967, there were 150 members.


Crossword Puzzle Editor

Edmund Akenhead, 77, a former Colonial Service official, soldier and lawyer who spent 18 years as crossword puzzle editor of The Times of London before retiring in 1983, died Dec. 22 in London. The cause of death was not reported.

The Times's obituary said: "He began the practice of returning edited puzzles to their compilers with detailed reasons for his alterations, which quickly produced a consistent standard of excellence from his team of 10 compilers, most of whom he himself recruited.

"He allowed no sloppiness of thought or expression: 'As a lawyer I cannot pass IOU as meaning debt. It is evidence of acknowledgment of debt'; or 'The dictionaries do not define okapi as a giraffe. The fact that it is related to the giraffe does not make it one.' "


Character Actress

Hope Sansberry, 94, a character actress best remembered for her portrayal of the colonel's wife on the 1950s TV series "The Phil Silvers Show," died Dec. 14 in Laguna Hills, Calif. The cause of death was not reported.

Miss Sansberry, who also acted under the name Virginia Staunton, was seen in Broadway or national touring companies of such stage classics as "I Remember Mama," "Bittersweet" and "Oklahoma." Her film credits included "The Thrill of It All," "Son of Flubber," "The Great Waltz" and "A Crooked Ship."

Her most enduring role was that of Nell Hall, wife of Col. John Hall, played by Paul Ford, on Silvers' outrageous satire of military life. The CBS show ran from 1955 to 1959, and is still seen in syndication.


Panamanian Diplomat

Moises Torrijos Herrera, 74, a former Panamanian ambassador who was a brother of the late Panamanian leader, Gen. Omar Torrijos Herrera, died Dec. 20 in Panama City. The cause of death was not reported.

In 1972, he was indicted in this country on charges involving heroin smuggling, but never arrested. He said the charges stemmed from a slander campaign to stop U.S. Senate approval of a Panama Canal Treaty.

Mr. Torrijos was ambassador to Spain from 1971 to 1978. He also had been accredited as the Panamanian ambassador to Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Algeria during those years.


Composer and Inventor

Cecil Effinger, 76, a composer and University of Colorado music professor who in 1954 invented Musicwriter, a typewriter for music, and the 1969 tempo watch that was used to determine tempo, died Dec. 22 at his home in Boulder, Colo. The cause of death was not reported.

He was best known for his composition "Four Pastorales," for choir and oboe, which was published in 1962. In all, he wrote four operas, six quartets, 18 band compositions, 36 orchestral compositions, 44 chamber works and 50 choir compositions.