Journalist & Historian

Ronald Sanders, 58, a writer and former editor of the monthly Zionist journal Midstream who specialized in Jewish history and the immigrant experience, died of cancer Jan. 11 at his home in New York City.

His most popular book, "The Downtown Jews: Portrait of an Immigrant Generation," was published in 1970. It detailed the lives of Jews on New York's Lower East Side beginning in the 1880s. His other books include "Shores of Refuge: A Hundred Years of Jewish Emigration," "Israel: The View from Masada," "Reflections on a Teapot" and "The High Walls of Jerusalem," a history of the Balfour Declaration.

Mr. Sanders, who was born in Union City, N.J., graduated from Kenyon College and received a master's degree in history from Columbia University. He was a former professor at Queens College.


U.N. Delegate

Sardar Shah Nawaz, 74, Pakistan's chief delegate to the United Nations from 1982 to 1989, died of cancer Jan. 11 at a hospital in New York City.

He joined his country's diplomatic service in 1950. He was ambassador to Iran from 1968 to 1972. From 1980 to 1982, he was secretary-general of Pakistan's Foreign Ministry.


Solo Sailor

Sir Alec Rose, 82, a former grocer and market gardener who sailed around the world single-handed in a 36-foot ketch, died in England Jan. 11 in a hospital in Cosham, Hampshire. The cause of death was not reported.

He was knighted in 1968 after his 28,500-mile voyage in the ketch Lively Lady. In July 1967, he set off from Portsmouth, on the English Channel, reaching Melbourne, Australia, 155 days later. The complete voyage lasted 320 days. He was accompanied only by a stuffed rabbit named Algy.

Sir Alec fell in love with the sea as a child. He left school at 15 and tried to join the merchant navy as a deckhand, but was turned away because he was too small. At 59, he spent his life savings on the round-the-world trip, but recouped the voyage costs afterward through contracts for newspaper articles, lecture tours and advertising.



Joseph McVicker Hunt, 84, professor emeritus of psychology at the University of Illinois, whose research on childhood development was credited with helping make "head start" programs key parts of the nation's war on poverty, died Jan. 9 in Urbana, Ill., after a stroke.

His 1961 book, "Intelligence and Experience," led to research concluding that intelligence is largely dependent on one's environment. It was cited as an important factor in persuading the Kennedy and Johnson administrations to make head start programs for poor children a key element in efforts to break the cycle of poverty.

He was chairman of an interdisciplinary White House Task Force in 1966 on the role of the federal government in child development. The task force recommended follow-up programs to Project Head Start and urged that the project begin with younger children.


Radio Actor

Berry Kroeger, 78, a radio actor who had appeared on such hit shows as "Inner Sanctum," died of kidney failure Jan. 4 at a hospital in Los Angeles.

He had been a fixture on old radio serials such as "Young Dr. Malone," "The Falcon" and "Inner Sanctum." He also did guest appearances on "The Lux Radio Theatre," Orson Welles's "The Mercury Theatre on the Air" and "The First Nighter Program," which brought Broadway plays into American living rooms.

Mr. Kroeger also had appeared in movies. He was a character actor in such films as "The Iron Curtain," "Cry of the City," "Down to the Sea in Ships," "Blood Alley" and "The Mephisto Waltz."


Children's Author

Carolyn E. Treffinger, 99, the author of several popular children's books, who was a retired Wadsworth, Ohio, teacher and principal, died Jan. 8 in Blue Hill, Neb. The cause of death was not reported.

Miss Treffinger was the author of "Li-Lun, Lad of Courage," which won the 1948 John Newberry Honor Award from the American Library Association and the 1949 Boys Club of America Junior Book Honor. Her other books included "Rag Doll Jane" and "Jimmy's Shoes."


Burger Pioneer

Oliver Gleichenhaus, 79, whose spicy Ollieburgers were sold nationwide, died Jan. 10 in Miami Beach after surgery for a heart ailment.

John Y. Brown, who made millions building up Col. Sanders' Kentucky Fried Chicken, was a great fan of the Ollieburger and promised to make the concoction famous. Mr. Gleichenhaus sold the recipe, which he demanded be kept secret, for $1 million, and Brown introduced the Ollieburger through his Lums restaurant chain. The burgers also were sold in a new restaurant chain called Ollie's and from mobile restaurants called "Ollie's Trolleys."


Pilot & Museum Director

Donald Madonna, 53, the head of the Museum of Flying in Santa Monica, Calif., who was commandant of the Edwards Air Force Base test pilot school from 1980 to 1982, died Jan. 10 in the crash of a vintage aircraft.

He had headed the museum at Santa Monica Airport since September 1989. He was a member of the first graduating class from the U.S. Air Force Academy in 1959 and logged 4,000 hours in his 23 years in the service.