The following is a report of how major bills fared in Congress last week and a record of how local members of Congress voted.

Maryland senators are Democrats Paul S. Sarbanes and Barbara A. Mikulski. Virginia senators are Republican John W. Warner and Democrat Charles S. Robb.

Maryland representatives to the House are Wayne T. Gilchrest (R-1st), Benjamin L. Cardin (D-3rd), Tom McMillen (D-4th), Steny H. Hoyer (D-5th), Beverly B. Byron (D-6th), and Constance A. Morella (R-8th).

Virginia representatives are D. French Slaughter (R-7th), James P. Moran Jr. (D-8th), and Frank R. Wolf (R-10th).

NV means Not Voting.

HOUSE VOTES

WAR WITH IRAQ

The House voted 250 for and 183 against to approve American military force against Iraq. The bipartisan measure (HJ Res 77) was sponsored by Minority Leader Bob Michel (R-Ill.) and Stephen Solarz (D-N.Y.) and advocated by President Bush. It was the most aggressive of three options the House was considering to give Congress a voice in America's military role in the crisis resulting from Iraq's takeover of Kuwait. The Senate later adopted an identical measure (below) and the statutory authority for the United States to wage war against Iraq, under the War Powers Act and for purposes spelled out by the United Nations, was sent to the president for his certain signature. A yes vote was to give the president authority from Congress to use U.S. military force to liberate Kuwait.

.................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron..............X

Cardin....................X

Gilchrest..........X

Hoyer.....................X

McMillen...........X

Morella...................X

VIRGINIA

Moran.....................X

Slaughter..........X

Wolf...............X

THE DEMOCRATIC ALTERNATIVE

By a vote of 183 for and 250 against, the House rejected the Democratic alternative of giving diplomacy and economic sanctions more time to succeed before Congress authorizes military action against Iraq. The measure (H Con Res 33) was opposed by the GOP leadership and President Bush. It approved "the use of force at a later time should that be necessary" to evict Iraq from Kuwait, while asserting Congress has "all power to declare war" under the Constitution. A yes vote was to use sanctions and diplomacy to deal with Iraq in the immediate future, with military action to follow if that strategy fails to remove Iraq from Kuwait.

.................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron.....................X

Cardin.............X

Gilchrest.................X

Hoyer..............X

McMillen..................X

Morella............X

VIRGINIA

Moran..............X

Slaughter.................X

Wolf......................X

POWER TO DECLARE WAR

By a vote of 302 for and 131 against, the House approved a non-binding measure (H Con Res 32) asserting that under the Constitution only Congress can declare war, and that "any offensive action taken against Iraq must be explicity approved" in advance by Congress. The measure dealt with constitutional procedure rather than the pros and cons of waging war against Iraq. A yes vote was to state that Congress rather than the president has power under the Constitution to declare war.

.................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron..............X

Cardin.............X

Gilchrest..........X

Hoyer..............X

McMillen...........X

Morella............X

VIRGINIA

Moran..............X

Slaughter.................X

Wolf......................X

SENATE VOTES

AUTHORITY FOR WAR

By a vote of 52 for and 47 against, the Senate gave President Bush statutory authority to go to war against Iraq to liberate Kuwait from the Iraqi occupation that began last August. The measure (S Res 2) was identical to House-passed authority (above) for the president to begin hostilities against Iraq. A yes vote was to give President Bush a congressional green light to send America to war against Iraq after Jan. 15.

..................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski...................X

Sarbanes...................X

VIRGINIA

Robb................X

Warner..............X

TO REJECT DEMOCRATIC ALTERNATIVE

By a vote of 46 for and 53 against, the Senate rejected the Democratic-sponsored approach (SJ Res 1) of delaying any military strike against Iraq until after international economic sanctions and diplomacy have had more time to cause Iraq to leave Kuwait. Sponsored by Majority Leader George Mitchell (D-Maine) and Armed Services Committee Chairman Sam Nunn (D-Ga.) the measure mirrored the Democratic alternative rejected in the House (above). It anticipated military force as a later option, if the president received congressional authority to use it against Iraq. A yes vote was for the United States to give international sanctions and diplomacy more time to work before choosing the option of war against Iraq.

..................Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski............X

Sarbanes............X

VIRGINIA

Robb.......................X

Warner.....................X

By Roll Call Report Syndicate