Giacomo Manzu, 82, a leading sculptor who gained fame as the creator of the bronze doors at St. Peter's Basilica, died at his home in a Rome suburb after a heart attack.
Born in the northern city of Bergamo, one of 12 children of a shoemaker, he never received any formal artistic training. His works in the 1930s led to bitter conflicts with the Vatican and the country's fascist rulers. One sculpture depicted a nude Christ on a crucifix flanked by a fat-bellied Nazi. Another depicted Christ as a skeleton being watched by an old man carrying a cardinal's hat.
Although Mr. Manzu was commissioned to do the doors for St. Peter's in 1950, the work was completed in the early 1960s after much prodding from close friend, Pope John XXIII. Among his other commissions were doors for the Salzburg Cathedral and a relief of a "Mother and Child" for Rockefeller Center in New York.
A. ADNAN SAYGUN
Ahmet Adnan Saygun, 84, one of Turkey's leading composers who had written operas, symphonies and piano concertos, died Jan. 6 in Istanbul. The cause of death was not reported.
In 1958, his "Yunus Emre," a symphony based on the life of a 13th century Turkish poet by that name, was conducted by Leopold Stokowski at a concert at the United Nations. Since 1972, Mr. Saygun had served on the faculty of the Istanbul State Conservatory.
CLADYS "JABBO" SMITH
Cladys "Jabbo" Smith, 82, a jazz trumpeter who rivaled Louis Armstrong in popularity from the mid-1920s through the 1930s, died Jan. 16 at a hospital in Manhattan. He had pneumonia.
He worked with many of the major bands of the 1930s, including the orchestras of Carroll Dickerson and Earl Hines, and continued to tour through the 1980s.