RICHMOND, JAN. 22 -- In a sharp break with Gov. L. Douglas Wilder, a majority of the Virginia Senate announced its support today for a fall bond referendum asking voters to approve $462 million in debt to pay for college construction projects.

Senate Majority Leader Hunter B. Andrews (D-Hampton), warning that Wilder's plan to solve Virginia's budget crisis would decimate the state's capital building program, offered a bill for a November vote on the bonds, and 31 of his fellow senators in both parties signed on as co-sponsors.

Andrews's bill is the most prominent example yet of a rebellion in the Senate over Wilder's handling of a $2 billion budget gap. Although there also is grumbling in the House, leaders there gave a cool reception to the bond proposal and said any wholesale rewriting of Wilder's budget plan is unlikely.

Nevertheless, the strong bipartisan support for Andrews's plan -- totaling more than three-quarters of the 40-member Senate -- was surprising, given Wilder's oft-stated preference that a major bond issue wait until 1992.

Andrews's proposal came during a frantic day at the Capitol, as legislators raced to get their bills submitted by a 5 p.m. deadline, and was one of a flock of measures challenging Wilder's budget approach.

The debt-financing measure would include about $33 million for a library and two academic buildings at George Mason University, and more than $10 million for projects at Northern Virginia Community College's Annandale, Manassas and Woodbridge campuses.

Most of the projects slated for construction originally were to be financed with proceeds from the Virginia Lottery. But, in response to Virginia's cooling economy and falling tax collections, Wilder is seeking to continue diverting lottery money to day-to-day operations.

Other fiscal proposals included a bill by Del. Mary A. Marshall (D-Arlington) that would return about $20 million annually in real estate filing fees to local governments, a chief item on the agenda of the Northern Virginia delegation. Wilder's budget keeps that money in state coffers.

While Wilder has ruled out new taxes, a host of bills would raise the sales tax, impose a variety of user fees and dramatically increase the tax on cigarettes. The governor also has encountered criticism for maintaining a $200 million budget reserve. Some legislators say that keeping that money in the bank can't be justified when state programs are being cut by 15 percent or more.

Critics of Wilder's budget plan say that rather than addressing the revenue shortfall head-on, the governor is balancing the budget with fancy fiscal footwork in a way that is similar to federal deficit spending of which Wilder is so critical. For example, Wilder wants to borrow from the state's literary fund, which uses criminal court fines to build schools, to meet operating expenses.

"We're collectively ignoring the old admonition of, 'Pay me now or pay me later,' " warned Sen. Joseph V. Gartlan Jr. (D-Mount Vernon).

"The leveraging of literary funds is mortgaging the future," added Andrews.

House Finance Committee Chairman C. Richard Cranwell (D-Vinton) dismissed the swipes at Wilder in the Senate as "a personality thing." Cranwell said Wilder's call for holding the line on taxes is popular in the House of Delegates, especially with his veto power in an election year.

"Right now the average taxpayer says enough is enough, and that message is going to get through even to the Senate before the session is over," said Del. Leslie L. Byrne (D-Fairfax).

"I don't see the governor's plan coming unraveled on the House side," agreed Del. Ford C. Quillen (D-Scott).

Today's filing deadline also saw Attorney General Mary Sue Terry (D) unveil a 12-bill legislative package that includes a plan for a toll-free hot line designed to reduce auto thefts.

The Help Eliminate Auto Theft (HEAT) program, patterned after a successful Michigan program, would offer rewards as large as $10,000 for anonymous tips that lead to conviction of car thieves. The program would be funded by an assessment on auto insurance of 25 cents a car that Terry said would produce a $500,000 reward fund.

Terry also wants to increase penalties for domestic violence, drunken driving, credit card fraud, industrial pollution and influence peddling in the savings and loan industry.

The Senate today returned to committee, and a likely death, the bottle bill legislation that just 24 hours earlier narrowly won approval of the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Conservation and Natural Resources for the first time in eight years.

In an effort to force a vote on the Senate floor, the folksy, usually soft-spoken Sen. Madison E. Marye (D-Montgomery), who has sponsored the legislation for more than a dozen years, angrily told his colleagues during floor debate that "if you can't take the heat from a few beer distributors {who are among the chief opponents of the legislation} . . . you don't deserve to serve in this body."

Despite Marye's impassioned plea, the Senate, at the urging of Agriculture Committee Chairman Howard P. Anderson (D-Halifax), voted 20 to 17 to send the bill to the Senate Finance Committee, ostensibly to determine its fiscal impact.

"That's terminal," said Finance Committee member Dudley J. "Buzz" Emick Jr. (D-Botetourt), who opposed returning the bill to committee.Staff writer Donald P. Baker contributed to this report.