RICHMOND, FEB. 7 -- Gov. L. Douglas Wilder (D) and his supporters in the Senate lost a major battle over control of the state budget today, while the House passed a budget that more closely follows the governor's plan.

In an increasingly bitter fight over who will dominate the state's fiscal affairs, the Senate ignored the governor's pleas and voted to spend half of his $200 million reserve fund. Senators also approved several spending proposals that Wilder today labeled "unnecessary and irresponsible."

Despite today's setback in the Senate, Wilder remains in a good position to come out of this year's legislative session with his policies intact. The House of Delegates today passed its version of the budget, which would preserve Wilder's reserve fund. The vote was 64 to 34, with Democrats favoring the budget and most Republicans voting against it.

The conflicting proposals will go to a conference committee that will report back with a compromise before adjournment on Feb. 23.

"It's only half time," said Wilder press secretary Laura Dillard.

The House, which is viewed as generally more sympathetic to Wilder, also approved tough language in the budget requiring that state airplanes be used "for private purposes only for reasons of security or emergency," and that the names of passengers, the destination and purposes of all trips be disclosed immediately after all flights. There was no debate on the issue.

Wilder's frequent use of the plane has drawn criticism, particularly because he initially refused to release records about his trips.

The budget vote in the Senate -- where Wilder served for 16 years -- was a setback to the administration. Wilder and his aides had been lobbying legislators furiously all week to overturn the dissident spending plan crafted by Senate Finance Committee Chairman Hunter B. Andrews (D-Hampton), a frequent Wilder adversary.

But after a six-hour debate, Andrews's plan emerged virtually unchanged on a 27 to 11 vote.

As the legislators wrangled over the budget today, the governor repeated his threat to use his veto power if the final version doesn't satisfy him.

Wilder broke away from watching the legislative debate on television in his office to address the Virginia Municipal League at a hotel a few blocks away.

"I will insist that the final budget contain an unencumbered $200 million revenue reserve," Wilder said in the address.

The governor ticked off several of his objections to the Senate version of the budget, including money to equip a tourist ship, renovate a guest cottage at a college and establish a center that would "enable professors to take a respite from their teaching tasks."

"How can we begin to contemplate spending money on these projects?" he asked.

"Opting for bricks and mortar before people and their pain is unconscionable and unacceptable," Wilder said. "If these spending initiatives are included in the budget that comes to my desk, they will not be in the budget that I return to the legislature.

"If the legislature wants to spend in this way, it will have to do so over my veto."

Some of the fiercest Senate debate today concerned a proposal to restore $370,000 to the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation to complete work on a replica of the Susan Constant, the ship that sailed the Atlantic in 1607. It is a pet project of Andrews's.

Sen. Richard L. Saslaw (D-Springfield), a Wilder ally, complained that while legislators were approving cuts in many social services, "we can have money for a sailboat -- give me a break."

Others argued that the Susan Constant renovation is expected to make money for the state as a tourist attraction, and had been singled out for ridicule by Wilder merely to embarrass Andrews.

Sen. Joseph V. Gartlan Jr. (D-Mount Vernon) said the Jamestown project is "the only silver bullet that the forces" for Wilder could find "to take a shot at the {Senate} leadership."

Several legislators noted that the Senate's plan is more generous than Wilder's in areas that the governor has said are priorities -- helping the needy and protecting local governments from the brunt of budget cuts.

The Senate's version includes $7.3 million to increase welfare and Medicaid benefits, and restores $56 million in aid to local schools.

Despite Wilder's lobbying, Andrews's margin of support in the Senate was so obvious that the expected floor fight over spending $100 million of the reserve fund never materialized. Instead, that provision passed on a unanimous voice vote.

Gartlan said he was surprised by the ease with which the Senate Finance panel's plan carried. "It was sort of like General {H. Norman} Schwarzkopf and Saddam Hussein," he said of the lopsided victory.

Wilder's Senate critics, however, said they realize today's victory is merely preliminary. Wilder has line-item veto power, and appears to have enough votes to sustain any vetoes, said Sen. Dudley J. "Buzz" Emick Jr. (D-Boutetourt).

With few exceptions, the House approved the version of the budget recommended by its Appropriations panel and defeated amendments, including an attempt by two Democrats to abolish a proposed eight-day furlough of state employees.

Del. George F. Allen (R-Charlottesville) said the House had engaged in "embezzlement" by "taking from next year's budget to pay for this year's budget."

One of the few Republicans to vote for the budget, Del. Vincent F. Callahan Jr. (R-McLean), a member of the Appropriations Committee, said, "In the final analysis, the budget smells, but it doesn't stink."

Staff writer Donald P. Baker contributed to this report.