District shadow senators Jesse L. Jackson and Florence Pendleton will not be allowed to participate in Senate business or get access to the Senate floor during sessions, Senate Majority Leader George J. Mitchell (D-Maine) has ruled.

In a letter sent to Jackson and Pendleton, Mitchell said that "Senate rules, procedures and precedents" prevent the District's shadow senators from receiving any of the privileges afforded the Senate's 100 members, an aide to Mitchell said last week.

The official status of the District's shadow delegation in the Senate has been unclear since it came into being last year. The District government created the positions as lobbyists for D.C. statehood, and Jackson and Pendleton, both Democrats, were elected in November. The two met with Mitchell in January, but their relationship with the Senate was not resolved.

There was speculation in national political circles last year that Jackson might use the post to gain access to Senate debates and raise his public profile on many issues. An aide to Jackson, Frank Watkins, said yesterday that was never Jackson's intent and that Jackson is neither surprised nor disappointed by Mitchell's ruling.

The aide to Mitchell, who asked not to be identified, said Mitchell's letter made clear that he "wants to assist {Jackson and Pendleton} in presenting the message about D.C. statehood" but that the two have no official standing in the Senate. They will not be allowed onto the Senate floor or into the cloakroom during sessions, and they will not participate in Senate party caucuses.

Watkins said, "We are focusing on the rights {of statehood}, not the privileges. If we get the rights, the privileges are inherent."

At Jackson's request, Mitchell commissioned research on the treatment afforded previous shadow delegations in the Senate. There is no recent case in which shadow senators were given official recognition.

Aside from the District, six aspiring states elected Senate delegations before they were admitted to the union, beginning with Tennessee in 1796. Only Tennessee's shadow lawmakers were allowed on the Senate floor during sessions.

"We know what the precedents are and we wanted to be in sync with them," Watkins said. "We are going to spend 100 percent of our time struggling for statehood."

In another matter, the Bush administration is expected to give the cash-starved D.C. government a boost this week by including $4 million for the city in an appropriations bill it will send to Congress.

The administration is preparing legislation that will estimate the cost of the Persian Gulf War for the first three months of this year and ask Congress to set aside about $15 billion to pay for it. An administration official and congressional sources said the amount will include about $4 million for the District.

Mayor Sharon Pratt Dixon has asked for the money because war-related protests have required the District police department to spend extra money on crowd control. Dixon asked for about $14 million for the entire budget year; the Bush administration has earmarked about $4 million for the three-month period.