The obituary of Ruth Banks Booz, which appeared in The Post on Feb. 8, incorrectly reported where her husband lives. He lives in Bowie. (Published 2/8/94)
Richard M. Bissell Jr., 84, the former chief of clandestine operations of the Central Intelligence Agency who planned and directed the failed Bay of Pigs invasion of Fidel Castro's Cuba in April 1961, died Feb. 7 at his home in Farmington, Conn. He had heart ailments.
Mr. Bissell served with the CIA from 1954 until resigning in February 1962 in the wake of criticism that followed the invasion by a band of Cuban exiles trained and equipped by the CIA. The effort collapsed when the invaders ran out of ammunition and supplies.
His work at the agency also included development and direction of the U-2 high-altitude reconnaissance flights over the Soviet Union and development of the first photographic satellites. This gave U.S. intelligence its first solid appraisal of Soviet bomber and missile capability during a tense and critical period of the Cold War.
During the Truman administration, Mr. Bissell was a top official of the Marshall Plan for the economic rehabilitation of post-World War II Europe, and he was a major influence in the distribution and use of hundreds of millions of U.S. aid dollars. During World War II, he held several critical jobs with the War Shipping Administration, where he played a major role in the complex movement of troops, supplies and equipment around the globe in support of a multi-front war.
Mr. Bissell's government service spanned 20 years, and during most of this period he operated behind the scenes and out of the public spotlight. But in his time, he often was described as one of a small number of government officials, functioning just below the top level, who did much of the original thinking, shaped decisions their own way and exercised a high degree of power and autonomy.
He was said to have had an extraordinarily brilliant mind, with a fascination and memory for details, a courteous and pleasant demeanor and a wide range of social and political connections. He also was inventive and open to ideas and suggestions, and there was an aura of derring-do about him. At a dinner with top CIA officials and key figures in the Kennedy administration early in 1961, he introduced himself as "your basic man-eating shark."
Mr. Bissell was born in Hartford. He graduated from Yale University, then studied at the London School of Economics and subsequently returned to Yale, where he was a teacher and received a doctorate in economics. He came to Washington in 1941 to work as an economic analyst at the Department of Commerce, then in 1942 joined the War Shipping Administration. As a boy, Mr. Bissell was said to have been fascinated by trains, and he knew from memory the schedules and timetables of many of the most obscure railroad lines in the country. When he was a shipping administrator, this penchant proved invaluable. He sometimes seemed to have instant recall of such critical details as the estimated arrival time of a munitions cargo in a European or Pacific port.
After the war, he taught economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, then in 1948 returned to Washington as assistant deputy administrator of the Economic Cooperation Administration, which became more popularly known as the Marshall Plan.
He served there as deputy administrator, deputy director and acting director. He resigned in 1952, worked two years as an economics consultant to the Ford Foundation, then returned to government service in 1954 as special assistant to the director of central intelligence.
That year he played a role in the CIA-backed overthrow of the government of Guatemala and began work on a CIA technology committee that led to the U-2 high-altitude reconnaissance flight project, which Mr. Bissell subsequently directed. In June 1956, the U-2 aircraft started regular reconnaissance flights over the Soviet Union. These flights continued successfully until May 1960, when a Soviet rocket brought down one of the aircraft and its pilot, Francis Gary Powers, triggering a diplomatic crisis in the final months of the Eisenhower administration.
In 1959, Mr. Bissell had been named the CIA's deputy director for plans, which included responsibility for covert and clandestine operations. The next year, after the takeover in Cuba by forces loyal to Castro, the CIA began training and equipping a force of Cuban exiles to retake the island. President Eisenhower initially approved the plan, which was then inherited by the administration of President Kennedy, who also approved it. But the 1,200 participants were either captured or killed after running out of supplies and ammunition, and the administration decided against providing additional air support.
As chief of the CIA's clandestine operations, Mr. Bissell also approved cooperation with U.S. Mafia figures of exploration of plans to assassinate Castro, he said years after leaving office. The agency also explored possible ways to poison Congolese leader Patrice Lumumba, he said.
On leaving the CIA, Mr. Bissell received the National Security Medal from President Kennedy.
From 1962 to 1964, he served as vice president and later president of the Institute for Defense Analyses, a nonprofit research organization.
He returned to Hartford in 1964 and served 10 years as director of marketing and economic planning for United Aircraft Corp. Since 1974 he had been a self-employed management consultant in Farmington.
Survivors include his wife of 53 years, Ann Cornelia Bushnell Bissell of Farmington, and five children, Richard M. Bissell III of Bangor, Maine, Ann Harriet of Washington, Winthrop Bissell and Thomas Bissell, both of New Britain, Conn., and William George Bissell of Middletown, Conn.
L. CLAIR NELSON
L. Clair Nelson, 75, a lawyer who had served on the Federal Mine Safety Health Review Commission since 1982, died Feb. 3 at a hospital in Kansas City, Mo., after a heart attack.
A resident of McLean, he was stricken while attending an American Bar Association meeting. He had served as treasurer of the ABA from 1983 to 1987 and as a member of the association's board of governors from 1981 to 1987. He also had belonged to the ABA House of Delegates.
Mr. Nelson, a native of Logan, Utah, was a 1939 graduate of Utah State University and later served on the university president's advisory council. During World War II, he served in the Army and attained the rank of major. He graduated from George Washington University law school in 1947.
He then practiced law in Washington and served as counsel to the Senate Judiciary Committee before joining the Champion International Corp. here in 1955. He held several positions with the company, including general counsel, before leaving in 1982 to become a commissioner.
A member of the McLean Stake of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Mr. Nelson had held a variety of church teaching and administrative posts over the years. He also was a Rotarian and a member of the Sigma Chi social fraternity.
His first wife, the former Dorothy Emmett, whom he married in 1941, died in 1973. Survivors include his wife of 19 years, the former Dottie Groome Hanford, of McLean; four children from his first marriage, David E. Nelson of Cincinnati, Patricia L. Friend of St. Joseph, Mich., Judith A. Nelson of Washington and Jeffrey E. Nelson of Sandy, Utah; two stepsons, John Van Hanford III of Washington and Joseph G. Hanford of Orlando, Fla.; a brother, Winston, of Morristown, N.J.; two sisters, Elaine Olsen of Norwalk, Ohio, and Donna Fae Darling of Martinez, Calif.; and nine grandchildren.
WENDY G. ROGERS-LAPP
Wendy G. Rogers-Lapp, 51, retired marketing and sales director of the National Geographic Society, died of cancer Feb. 4 at her home in Washington. A resident of the area for 35 years, she also had a home in Woodville, Va.
She worked at the National Geographic Society from 1976, when she began as a research assistant, until 1992. She directed sales of the society's products to schools, universities and libraries.
Ms. Rogers was born in Montreal. She was a graduate of the University of Paris and Sarah Lawrence College.
She began her career in Washington in 1964 as a researcher with Congressional Quarterly. From 1966 to 1970, she worked for Parent and Child Inc., a Washington maternity care organization, where she was medical relations director and chairman of the board.
She was a member of St. Albans Episcopal Church in Washington.
Her marriage to George M. Rogers Jr. ended in divorce.
Survivors include her husband, Douglas M. Lapp of Washington; two children from her first marriage, Nanine F. Rogers of Albany, Calif., and George M. "Ted" Rogers III of Arlington; two stepchildren, Catherine E. Lapp of Charlottesville and John C. Lapp of McLean; her mother and stepfather, Edith C. and Charles L. Poor of Washington; her father and stepmother, Joseph N. Greene Jr. and Christine A. Greene, of Lyme, Conn.; two sisters, Nancy W. Greene of San Francisco and Lila Greene of Paris; a half sister, Joanna C. Greene, and a half brother, John D. Greene, both of San Francisco; a stepsister, Susan O'Hara-Brill of Chapel Hill, N.C.; and four stepbrothers, C. Lane Poor of Warren, R.I., David D.S. Poor of Meadowbrook, Pa., Alfred E. Poor of Perkasie, Pa., and Robert D. Poor of San Francisco.
HAROLD E. PARKER
Army Major General
Harold E. Parker, 75, a retired Army major general whose last post was assistant judge advocate general, died of cancer Feb. 4 at the Hospice of Northern Virginia. A resident of the Washington area off and on since 1969, he lived at The Fairfax retirement community at Fort Belvoir.
He retired in 1975 after 34 years of military service, much of it spent in the Judge Advocate Corps. He served in the Aleutians and Italy during World War II and in Germany later in his career.
Gen. Parker was a native of Canton, N.Y. He was a graduate of Cornell University and Stanford University law school.
His military honors included the Distinguished Service Medal and the Legion of Merit.
Gen. Parker served on the board of governors of the Inter-American Bar Association and the residents council of The Fairfax. He was a member of St. Barnabas Episcopal Church in Annandale and the Retired Officers Association.
Survivors include his wife, Jane B. Parker of Fort Belvoir; three children, Jeffrey N. Parker of Osterville, Mass., Change Parker of New Hampton, N.H., and Melissa Quesenberry of Mobile, Ala.; and four grandchildren.
DOUGLAS S. HINCKLE SR.
Douglas Shannon Hinckle Sr., 55, a news photographer for the Washington Blade newspaper from 1984 until retiring in 1992, died Feb. 3 at his home in Washington. He had AIDS.
His work published in the Blade, Washington's gay newspaper, included a six-month series on a local lawyer's fight against AIDS and his death. Mr. Hinckle also created the weekly photographic feature "In Focus."
Mr. Hinckle was born in Hagerstown, Md., and raised in Hancock, Md. A 1960 graduate of Shepherd College in West Virginia, he also studied music education at Catholic University.
From 1960 to 1979, he was a music teacher at Surrattsville Junior High School and Potomac High School. He then moved to California, where he studied art and photography.
Over the years, he had exhibited his award-winning photographs and his work was published in anthologies. He also had appeared on television panels examining AIDS.
His marriage to the former Delores Colick ended in divorce.
Survivors include a son, Douglas II, of Herndon; three sisters, Connie Moats of Chambersburg, Pa., and Barbara and Susie Hinckle, both of Hancock; and a grandson.
Clare Roy John Rogers, 62, a retired Army colonel and former software development manager with Control Data Corp.'s Arbitron unit, died of cancer Feb. 6 at his home in Rockville.
He served on active duty for 26 years before retiring from the Army Materiel Command in 1979. He then joined Control Data in Rockville as a software program analyst. He later worked for Arbitron in Laurel and Beltsville before retiring in 1992.
Col. Rogers, an area resident since 1968, was a native of Buffalo. He was a graduate of Cornell University and the Army Command and Staff College. After he was commissioned in the Signal Corps in 1953, his overseas assignments included tours in Thailand and Japan and on Okinawa. He served in Vietnam in 1968 and 1969. While in the Army, he also had taught military science at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Massachusetts.
He was a founding member of the Three Rivers Narrow Gauge Railroad Historical Society. He had contributed articles to the society's "Light Iron and Short Ties" publication.
Survivors include his wife, Thelma Hinkle Rogers of Rockville.
FRED P. THRAILKILL
Fred Parker Thrailkill, 77, who served with the Montgomery County police for 30 years before retiring in 1973 as an inspector, died of cancer Feb. 7 at his home in Rockville.
Mr. Thrailkill, a South Carolina native, came to the Washington area in 1932. He was a Coast Guard veteran of World War II.
He was a member of Crusader Lutheran Church in Rockville. A member of the Travco Motorcade Club, he had traveled in this country, Canada and Mexico.
Survivors include his wife, Betty, and a daughter, Sandra Cooley, both of Rockville; a son, Michael, of Orlando, Fla.; a sister, Joy Marshall of Georgia; and six grandchildren.
LUCILE BRUCE BROWN
Translator and Author
Lucile Bruce Brown, 89, a former translator who was author of a textbook, died of pneumonia Feb. 6 at her home, Goodwin House in Alexandria. She had lived in the Washington area off and on since 1949.
Mrs. Brown was a native of Thomasville, Ga., and a graduate of Shorter College in Rome, Ga. She received a master's degree in English from Columbia University.
After her marriage to Nathan Atkinson Brown, who later became an Army colonel, she accompanied him to posts that included several Latin American countries. In the mid-1940s, she wrote an elementary reader in Spanish that was used by schools in Honduras. She also tutored the grandson of the president, Tiburcio Carias Andino. During World War II, Mrs. Brown was a translator in the Army censorship office in Miami.
She was a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution and the Daughters of the American Colonists.
Col. Brown died in 1974. Mrs. Brown's survivors include two daughters, Elizabeth Brown Alexander of Alexandria and Patricia Brown Novak of Clearville, Pa.; a brother; four grandchildren; and two great-grandchildren.
ALEXANDER J. HOLM
Alexander J. Holm, 83, a retired civilian personnel specialist who worked for the Army for 25 years before retiring in 1967, died of cardiac arrest Feb. 5 at Fairfax Hospital. He lived in Falls Church.
He began his government career in 1942 with the office of the Army's chief of engineers. He transferred to the Army Materiel Command in 1963 and retired four years later.
Mr. Holm was born in Binghamton, N.Y. Before moving to the Washington area in 1942, he had worked for 12 years in credit administration with American Oil and Montgomery Ward in Baltimore.
He had been a member of Arlington United Methodist Church and then Crossman United Methodist Church in Falls Church.
His wife, Margaret M. "Pat" Holm, died in May. Survivors include a son, Gerald A., of Salem, Va.; and two brothers, Fred L., of Linville, Va., and Charles A., of Bridgewater, Va.
CATHERINE CALVERT O'NEILL
Catherine Calvert O'Neill, 74, an Army colonel's wife who accompanied her husband to military posts in Greece and Italy and various locations in the United States, died of complications of diabetes Feb. 6 at her home in Reston.
During assignments in the Washington area in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, Mrs. O'Neill was a credit officer at the State Department Credit Union.
She was born in New York City and in 1943 married William B. O'Neill, an Army officer who retired as a colonel.
Mrs. O'Neill had done volunteer work with the Fairfax County Area Agency on Aging and Friendly Instant Sympathetic Help in Herndon.
In addition to her husband, of Reston, survivors include three children, William C. O'Neill of Reston, Ellen C. O'Neill-Turner of Herndon and Charles B. O'Neill of Duluth, Minn.; a brother, Morton E. Calvert of Culpeper; and three grandchildren.
MARGARET COX VOIGT
Margaret Cox Voigt, 82, a mathematician who retired in 1964 after 21 years with the Army Map Service, died of a heart attack Feb. 6 at her home in Takoma Park.
Mrs. Voigt was a native of Lynchburg, Va., and a graduate of Randolph-Macon College. She moved to the Washington area in the 1930s to teach math at George Washington High School in Alexandria.
She was a member of Prince George's Country Club, where she won several women's golf tournaments, and the District Golf Association.
Her husband, George J. Voigt, died in 1985. Survivors include a half-brother, John W. Morris of Vinton, Va.
EDITH AUSTERMUHL HILL
Edith Austermuhl Hill, 93, a former clerk with Woodward & Lothrop and the Bureau of the Budget, died of heart ailments Jan. 15 at Shady Grove Adventist Hospital.
Mrs. Hill, who lived at the Asbury Methodist Retirement Community in Gaithersburg, was born in Wilmington, Del. She moved to Washington as a child and graduated from Central High School. She attended George Washington University.
As a young woman, she worked at Woodward & Lothrop. During the 1940s and 1950s, she worked at the Bureau of the Budget.
She was a member of the Kensington Women's Republican Club and Chevy Chase United Methodist Church.
Her husband, Lyman F. Hill, died in 1963. She leaves no immediate survivors.
PATRICIA A. PAPPA
Patricia A. Pappa, 52, a retired computer systems analyst and former resident of Falls Church, died of cancer Jan. 28 at a hospital in Port St. Lucie, Fla.
Mrs. Pappa was born in Clearfield, Pa. She moved to Washington in 1959 and began her government career with the Navy's Bureau of Supplies and Accounts. Later, she worked for the Defense Supply Agency. She retired from the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations in 1991 and moved to Florida.
Survivors include her husband, Joseph J. Pappa Jr. of Port St. Lucie; her parents, Emma and Ward Guelich of Stoneboro, Pa.; a brother, Ward Guelich of Sagertown, Pa.; a sister, Mary King of Massury, Ohio; and a stepson.
JAMES HENRY VOEGLER
Real Estate Broker
James Henry Voegler, 41, an independent real estate broker for 20 years, died of a heart attack Feb. 4 at his home in Rockville. He moved to Rockville 10 years ago from Howell, N.J.
Mr. Voegler was born in New York City. He attended C.W. Post College.
Survivors include his wife, Greer Krayson Voegler, and three children, James, Jamie and Jennica Voegler, all of Rockville; his parents, Henry and Dorothy Kern Voegler, of Toms River, N.J.; two brothers, Edward, of Wantagh, N.Y., and Henry, of West Babylon, N.Y.; and three sisters, Barbara Leber of North Bergen, N.J., Kathleen Lewis of Wood Haven, N.Y., and Patricia Munczinski of Jackson, N.J.
RUTH BANKS BOOZ
Ruth Banks Booz, 76, a purchasing agent in New York during World War II, died of an aneurysm Feb. 7 at Doctors Hospital in Lanham. She lived in Bowie.
Mrs. Booz, a native of Baldwin, N.Y., accompanied her husband, Jack Booz, to Marine Corps posts in Hawaii and on the East Coast before moving to the Washington area in the early 1960s.
In addition to her husband, of Lanham, survivors include two children, Jack Jr., of Bowie, and Judith Kiley of Sullivan, Ohio; eight grandchildren; and three great-grandchildren.