Antonio Carlos Jobim, 67, a founding father of Brazil's bossa nova sound whose lilting songs "The Girl From Ipanema" and "Desafinado" brought him to international attention more than 30 years ago, died Dec. 8 at a hospital in New York where he was being treated for blocked arteries. Brazilian television reported that he died during heart surgery.
Widely recognized as one of the great pop composers of his time, Mr. Jobim wrote haunting, evocative works with unusual harmonies and subtle rhythms. "The Girl From Ipanema," with a memorable vocal by Astrud Gilberto, charmed listeners with its sensual rhythm and romantic lyrics and quickly entered the mainstream of popular music.
Mr. Jobim's distinctive rhythms and melodies helped make bossa nova -- literally, the "new wave" -- a musical craze around the world. Since then, bossa nova tunes have continued to be recorded and performed everywhere as jazz standards.
Starting in the 1950s, playing the piano in Rio and heavily influenced by songwriter Cole Porter and jazz musicians Dizzy Gillespie and Miles Davis, Mr. Jobim and his friends began to infuse jazz with traditional Brazilian sambas. The result was a new sound that quickly spread beyond South America.
In the United States, bossa nova was introduced to audiences in large part through the efforts of Washington jazz deejay Felix Grant and the work of guitarist Charlie Byrd, who has remained a vital exponent of Brazilian music.
"The Girl From Ipanema," recorded in 1964, was a smash hit, earning Jobim, Gilberto and U.S. jazz saxophonist Stan Getz four Grammy music awards. At the time, the movie "Black Orpheus," for which Mr. Jobim wrote most of the soundtrack, also fueled the bossa nova phenomenon. "Black Orpheus," a retelling of the Orpheus myth in the setting of Brazil's Carnaval, was a worldwide hit and won an Academy Award in 1959 as best foreign film.
Antonio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim, known as Tom, was a native of the Tijuca neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro. He was schooled in classical piano as a child and began writing songs as a teenager. After studying architecture and working briefly in an architect's office, he dropped out of school to transcribe songs for other composers in a recording studio.
In 1954, Mr. Jobim wrote his first song, the samba-influenced "A Week Ago." In 1958, he began a collaboration with Joao Gilberto. Their first single, "Chega de Saudade," or "No More Blues," quickly became a jazz staple. Mr. Jobim, who wrote lyrics, played piano and guitar and sang on his own recordings, also headed a trio and a band in Rio.
Getz wrote that the music of Mr. Jobim and Gilberto arrived in the United States in the post-bop 1960s like a breath of fresh air. It was a period of "anemia and confusion" in the jazz scene, Getz said, when the "desperate craze for innovation had overextended itself." Bossa nova came along, one Washington musician noted, "as a kind of easy, cool jazz -- and people loved it."
In addition to Getz, who died two years ago, Mr. Jobim worked closely with Rio poet Vinicius de Moraes, who wrote the lyrics to "The Girl From Ipanema." They were to earn next to nothing for the song because the rights belonged to a U.S. publishing company.
Mr. Jobim, who said he drew his inspiration from the birds of the Brazilian forest, also composed "One Note Samba," "Wave," "Quiet Nights of Quiet Stars," "Meditation," "How Insensitive," "Dindi" and other songs. The popularity of the music inspired a hit novelty song, "Blame It on the Bossa Nova."
Mr. Jobim toured internationally and recorded with Brazilian singers such as Elis Regina and Chico Buarque. He first recorded with Frank Sinatra in the 1960s, appeared on Sinatra's recent "Duets II" recording and was due to appear on the upcoming "Duets III." He also recently recorded with British singer Sting.
Brazilian Culture Minister Luis Roberto Nascimento da Silva, speaking Dec. 8 on Brazilian radio, said Mr. Jobim "transcended borders, making our music heard all over the world. He was a creative genius who introduced a new rhythm, a new form of conceiving music and even a new form of playing piano."
Mr. Jobim was inducted into the Songwriters' Hall of Fame in New York in 1991.
Survivors include Mr. Jobim's wife and their son and daughter; a son and daughter from a previous marriage; and a sister. The elder son, Paulo, performed in a band with his father and is a composer.
HERBERT WALDON BAKER
Herbert Waldon Baker, 74, a labor economist with the State Department Foreign Service who retired in 1982 as the department's coordinator of international labor affairs, died of cancer Dec. 4 at Fairfax Hospital.
Mr. Baker, of Annandale, was born in Stanford, Mont. He graduated from the University of Maryland.
During World War II, he served in the Army. At the end of the war, he was stationed in Germany as part of the military government. In 1946, he became a civilian employee of the military government. He worked in labor affairs in Germany, first for the Army and from 1949 to 1956 for the State Department.
Mr. Baker then began a series of assignments in which he served as a labor attache in Venezuela, Pakistan, Israel and Brazil. From 1969 to 1972, he was in Washington as director of the labor office of the Agency for International Development.
From 1972 to 1977, he was labor attache at the U.S. Embassy in Bonn, and from 1978 to 1980, he was counselor for labor affairs at the U.S. Embassy in Rome.
Mr. Baker returned to Washington at that time and formally retired. But he served for two more years under a contract arrangement as special assistant to the secretary of state and coordinator of international labor affairs. He then became a part-time consultant to the State Department and other organizations.
Mr. Baker was a member of DACOR (Diplomatic and Consular Officers Retired).
His marriage to Barbara Lovedahl ended in divorce.
Survivors include his wife of 41 years, Gladys W. Baker of Annandale; a daughter from his first marriage, Barbara Baker of Grand Rapids, Mich.; three children from his second marriage, Michael H. Baker of New York, Elizabeth B. Horner of Arlington and Judith Baker Neamtz of Boston; a sister, Lorraine Collier of Colorado Springs; and a grandchild.
CHRISTOPHER C. POPECK
Christopher C. Popeck, 23, a lifelong resident of Springfield who received an associate of science degree last year from Northern Virginia Community College, died of sepsis Dec. 3 at the Fred Hutchison Cancer Research Center in Seattle. He was receiving treatment there after a bone marrow transplant for aplastic anemia.
He was a graduate of St. Bernadette's School and Robert E. Lee High School, where he acted in plays and was a member of the junior varsity football and lacrosse teams. His other interests in sports included soccer, baseball, fishing and frisbee golf.
He was a member of St. Bernadette's Catholic Church in Springfield.
Survivors include his parents, John and Rose Popeck of Springfield; a brother, Peter Popeck of Fairfax Station; and four sisters, Peggy Byers of Richmond and Mary Kay Popeck, Jane Popeck and Amy Popeck, all of Springfield.
CAPTION:Antonio Carlos Jobim