Calder Willingham, 72, who wrote the novel "End as a Man" before winning Oscar nominations for screenplays for "The Graduate" and "Little Big Man," died of lung cancer Feb. 19 at a hospital in Laconia, N.H. He lived in New Hampton, N.H.

He wrote screenplays for such pictures as "Paths of Glory," "The Vikings," "One-Eyed Jacks," "Rambling Rose" and "The Strange One," which was based on "End as a Man." He also collaborated on "The Bridge on the River Kwai."

In 1947, Mr. Willingham received wide critical acclaim for his first book, "End as a Man," a dark novel about students at a military college. His later novels included "Providence Island" and "Eternal Fire," which followed "End as a Man" onto the New York Times' best-seller list. His other novels included "Geraldine Bradshaw," "Reach to the Stars," "To Eat a Peach," "Natural Child" and "The Gates of Hell."

Mr. Willingham was born in Atlanta and grew up in Rome, Ga. After attending The Citadel and the University of Virginia, he moved to New York in 1943 and then to New Hampshire 10 years later.

Survivors include his wife of 41 years, Jane Bennett Willingham of New Hampton; four sons; and two daughters.