VIVIAN BLAINE Actress
Vivian Blaine, 74, who played Miss Adelaide, the long-suffering, perpetually engaged chorus girl in the Broadway and film versions of "Guys and Dolls," died Dec. 9 of pneumonia in New York.
Ms. Blaine starred on Broadway in "Say, Darling" and "Enter Laughing," but it was as Miss Adelaide, the role she originated in the 1950 Frank Loesser musical "Guys and Dolls," that she was best known. She stopped the show each night with her rendition of "Adelaide's Lament," in which she complains about having a bad cold because of her long engagement to gambler Nathan Detroit.
She also appeared in the 1955 film version of "Guys and Dolls" with Frank Sinatra, Marlon Brando and Jean Simmons. Her other films included the first version of Rodgers and Hammerstein's "State Fair" in 1945 and "It Happened in Flatbush," "Girl Trouble," "Something for the Boys" and "If I'm Lucky." EARL J. SHIFLET Va. Education Secretary
Earl J. Shiflet, 77, who in 1972 became the state's first education secretary, died Dec. 13 in Richmond after a heart attack.
Mr. Shiflet, who served in the education post for Gov. A. Linwood Holton Jr., was responsible for overseeing the education of 1 million pupils. He also oversaw the state's higher education council and department of community colleges.
Mr. Shiflet also served as secretary of commerce and natural resources for Gov. Mills E. Godwin Jr. before leaving state government in 1978. LEE ZHITO Editor
Lee Zhito, 77, former editor in chief and publisher of Billboard magazine, died Dec. 8 after being hit by an automobile in Santa Monica, Calif.
Mr. Zhito expanded Billboard's influence in the music industry by organizing an electronic information service and launching foreign-language versions of Billboard.
He joined the magazine as a reporter in 1945 and was named editor in 1963. He became editor in chief and publisher in 1974. He retired from the magazine in 1987 but remained active in its management. ANN NOLAN CLARK Author
Ann Nolan Clark, 99, an award-winning writer of children's books, mostly about her Indian students, died Dec. 13 in Tucson. The cause of death was not reported.
In 1952, Ms. Clark won the Newberry Medal from the American Library Association for her fourth book, "Secret of the Andes," one of more than 40 books she wrote, working into her nineties. Her first book, "In My Mother's House," published in 1941, won an award in the New York Herald Tribune Children's Spring Book Festival. The Catholic Library Association gave her the Regina Medal for children's literature in 1963.
For more than 40 years, she taught Indian children in the United States, Central America and South America. ISAAC SLAUGHTER Psychiatrist
Isaac Slaughter, 70, former president of Black Psychiatrists of America, died of cancer Nov. 28 at his home in Napa County, Calif.
Dr. Slaughter, a graduate of Howard University and Meharry Medical College in Nashville, practiced psychiatry in California. As president of Black Psychiatrists of America in 1994, he urged that violence in African American communities be treated as a mental health problem. JULIAN SZEKELY MIT Professor
Julian Szekely, 61, a professor of materials engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and an expert in the development of mathematical models, died of cancer Dec. 7 in Cambridge, Mass.
Dr. Szekely developed the first comprehensive mathematical model of fluid-flow, electromagnets and heat transfer phenomena for the refinement and solidification of metals. ROBERT PARRISH Film Editor and Director
Robert Parrish, 79, an Academy Award-winning film editor who also directed and acted in movies, died Dec. 4 at a hospital in Southampton, N.Y. The cause of death was not reported.
As an editor, Mr. Parrish won an Academy Award for "Body and Soul," the 1947 Robert Rossen film that starred John Garfield as a money-grubbing, two-timing boxer on the make. The two men worked together again on "All the King's Men," an account of the rise and fall of a Louisiana politician that won the Academy Award for Best Picture in 1949.
Mr. Parrish directed such films as "Cry Danger" (1951) and two movies starring Gregory Peck, "The Purple Plain" (1954) and "The Wonderful Country" (1959). As a child, he acted in Charlie Chaplin's "City Lights" (1931) and in "All Quiet on the Western Front" (1930) and "The Informer" (1935).