Charles R. Richey, 73, a federal district judge in Washington who was known for the taut way he conducted trials, the efficiency with which he kept up with his caseload and a willingness to make decisions that sometimes sparked controversy and expanded the reach of law, died of cancer March 19 at the Washington Home.
Before being named to the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia by President Richard M. Nixon in 1971, Judge Richey practiced law in Chevy Chase and Washington and was active in the Maryland Republican Party.
In 1967-68, he served as vice chairman of the Montgomery County Charter Revision Commission. From 1967 to 1971, he was general counsel of the Maryland Public Service Commission.
In his years on the court, Judge Richey had little tolerance for official programs that he believed achieved their ends at the expense of basic rights. He was sympathetic to individuals petitioning the government for the redress of perceived wrongs, and he believed government operations should be open to public scrutiny.
An example of his protecting constitutional safeguards occurred in July, when he threw out a requirement for mandatory drug testing for all government employees who work in the Old Executive Office Building, next to the White House. In arguing in favor of the regulation, he said, the government failed to show compelling security or other reasons why the employees should give up their right to avoid unreasonable searches.
In a similar vein, he ruled in 1991 that the government had offered no credible reason why protesters against homelessness should give up their First Amendment right to do so by sleeping in Lafayette Square.
Judge Richey also sought to make government officials abide by laws he felt they were trying to ignore. In 1993, he caused a storm of criticism when he directed the Clinton administration to come up with an environmental impact statement covering the North American Free Trade Agreement.
The administration was lobbying heavily for Senate ratification of the measure, and the judge's action was seen as an obstacle that could provide fence-sitters with a politically acceptable reason for opposing it. In the end, the U.S. Court of Appeals vacated the judge's order, and the treaty was passed.
In 1992, Judge Richey ordered the Federal Election Commission to withhold funds from the Republican National Committee until the latter changed its rules to provide greater representation of minorities. The ruling came in a case brought by Lugenia Gordon, a 67-year-old African American woman who accused the RNC of racial discrimination on the grounds that only three of its 167 members were black and that only 3.2 percent of the delegates to the Republican national convention were black.
In a series of cases that began in 1989, Judge Richey sought to compel the government to preserve records for use by historians and the public. In one, he ruled that former president George Bush had to turn over control of his presidential papers to the National Archives. In another, he directed the White House to preserve e-mail and other electronic records.
In still others, he held that the National Security Council and the Smithsonian Institution, despite their arguments to the contrary, were government agencies subject to the provisions of the Freedom of Information Act.
Judge Richey's criminal calendar included the 1989 trial of Rayful Edmond III, a notorious kingpin of the District's drug trade who was sentenced to life in prison without parole. The judge broke new ground for trials in the city when he kept the jury anonymous to forestall reprisals from the drug world.
In an opinion handed down in 1995, the Court of Appeals held that although the action was unusual, it was not unreasonable.
In 1995, Judge Richey presided over the trial of Francisco Martin Duran, who was found guilty of the attempted assassination of President Clinton after he fired on the White House with an automatic rifle Oct. 29, 1994.
Among lawyers who practiced in his court, Judge Richey was known for keeping tight control over trial proceedings and having little patience with attorneys who were unprepared or whose arguments failed to stay on point. He liked to quote the maxim that "justice delayed is justice denied," and he was widely recognized for his ability to make timely decisions and keep up with his calendar.
He also believed his actions as a federal judge should be available to the general public in a readily understandable form. He was not shy of publicity, and he maintained good relations with reporters assigned to the U.S. Courthouse.
Charles Robert Richey was born in Logan County, Ohio, and graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University in 1945. He received a law degree from what is now Case Western Reserve University in 1948.
He moved to the Washington area in that year as legislative counsel to then-Rep. Francis P. Bolton (R-Ohio). He established a private law practice in 1949. He was appointed to the federal bench through his Republican Party connections with Spiro T. Agnew, the former Maryland governor who became vice president under Nixon.
Despite those associations, Judge Richey was assigned a case in 1972 that grew out of the Watergate scandal and therefore had enormous political implications for his benefactors. It began when five operatives of Nixon's reelection campaign were arrested during a break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate office building June 17, 1972.
Within days, the DNC filed a civil suit against the Committee to Reelect the President seeking unspecified damages on behalf of all Democrats. The following September, Judge Richey put the matter on hold on the grounds that it could interfere with ongoing criminal investigations of the break-in and White House involvement in it. The decision incensed Democrats and pleased Republicans. But it had little impact on the outcome of the crisis, which ended when Nixon resigned from the presidency Aug. 9, 1974.
Judge Richey was a founder of the Supreme Court Historical Society; a former chairman of the Parents Association of Sidwell Friends School; a trustee of Immaculata College, the Suburban Hospital Association, the Boys Clubs of Greater Washington and the Phi Gamma Delta Educational Foundation; and a member of the advisory board of the Boys Home of Montgomery County and of the National Lawyers Club. He was a 33rd-degree Mason.
Survivors include his wife, the former Agnes Mardelle White, whom he married in 1950, of Chevy Chase; two sons, Charles R. Richey Jr. of Hamilton, Mass., and William Paul Richey of Olney; and three grandchildren.
Dan Wallace, 66, a businessman whose companies specialized in supermarket promotion projects, died March 18 at Georgetown University Hospital of complications related to heart surgery.
Mr. Wallace founded and operated such businesses as The Wallace Companies and the Citation Companies, L.L.C., which helped supermarkets with such promotions as giveaways of tableware items in connection with grocery purchases. Those were an outgrowth of Mr. Wallace's work as a young man with the old S&H Green Stamps organization in which stamps given to grocery purchasers were redeemable in china, flatware and cookware.
Born in Cullman, Ala., Mr. Wallace moved to New York with his family as a child. He served in the Navy and attended Auburn University. He launched his own supermarket promotions business in Alabama in the late 1960s and, over the years, expanded it into an international operation.
He moved to Washington in 1984 and in 1990 purchased another residence, Mineral Spring Farm, on Maryland's Eastern Shore near St. Michaels. He also had homes in Birmingham and London.
His marriage to Joan Pedigo ended in divorce.
Survivors include his wife, Ruth Noble Groom of Washington; four children from his first marriage, Rangeley Wallace of Washington, Daniel, Holland and Barrie Wallace, all of Chapel Hill, N.C.; and six grandchildren.
MARY ELIZABETH ROWLEY GOEBEL
Educator and Counselor
Mary Elizabeth Rowley Goebel, 77, who retired in 1980 as a guidance counselor with the Prince George's County public school system, died of cardiac arrest March 18 at Mount Vernon Hospital. She lived in Alexandria.
Dr. Goebel was born in Walla Walla, Wash. She graduated from Wisconsin State University and received a master's degree in education from Wayne State University in Detroit.
From 1951 to 1954, she served in the Air Force as a counseling and personnel officer.
Before moving to the Washington area in 1958, she was a high school English and science teacher and an adviser in Wisconsin and Michigan.
She received a doctorate in education from the University of Maryland and from 1963 to 1969 was a guidance counselor at Montgomery County's Sherwood High School.
In 1969, she joined the Prince George's County Schools counseling staff, where she specialized in underachieving and problem children.
During the 1960s, Dr. Goebel was a Girl Scout leader and camp counselor in College Park.
She was a member of Daughters of the American Revolution.
Her husband, retired Air Force Maj. Laurence Gayheart Goebel, died in 1995.
Survivors include two children, Susan Ann Dill of Alexandria and Amy Goebel Padgett of Clarkton, N.C.; and a sister.
RAYMOND LEE WHETZEL Sr.
Raymond Lee Whetzel Sr., 64, who retired as a firefighter in 1979 after 21 years with the D.C. Fire Department, died of cancer March 18 at his home in New Carrollton. He had been a lifelong area resident.
Mr. Whetzel, a graduate of DeMatha Catholic High School, attended Montgomery Community College. He served in the Navy during the Korean War and joined the fire department in 1958.
He was a past department commander of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, a member of the Washington VFW Police-Fire Post, the D.C. Retired Firefighters Association, the College Park Moose Lodge and the American Legion. He also had belonged to St. Mary's Catholic Church in Landover Hills.
Survivors include his wife of 40 years, Helen G. Whetzel of New Carrollton; seven children, Raymond L. "Buddy" Whetzel Jr. of Huntingtown, William James "Billy" Whetzel of Bowie, Debra A. Whetzel of Rockville, Diane E. Morris of Upper Marlboro and Donna M. Whetzel, Denise E. Whetzel and Darlene L. Whetzel, all of New Carrollton; and three grandchildren.
AMELIA C. CARTER
Suburban Hospital Director
Amelia C. Carter, 90, who retired in 1976 after 25 years as executive director of Suburban Hospital, died at the hospital March 7 after a stroke. She lived in Chevy Chase.
Mrs. Carter began her career as assistant director of St. Peter's Medical Center in New Brunswick, N.J. She moved to Washington in 1944 to take a similar job at Doctors Hospital in Washington. While at Suburban, which she joined in 1950, she directed the planning and construction of three wings.
She was a native of Washington and a graduate of Columbia Union College. She did graduate work in hospital administration at Rutgers University.
Mrs. Carter was president and trustee of the Chevy Chase-Bethesda chapter of the American Association of Retired Persons, a founding member and director of the Tax Payers League of Montgomery County and a member of the Women's Club of Chevy Chase.
Her husband of 40 years, Ferdinand Espey Carter, died in 1991.
Survivors include a brother, Fred Schulthesis of South Plainfield, N.J.
ETHEL PILSON WARREN
Ethel Pilson Warren, 91, a self-employed interior designer, died of a blood disorder March 12 at her home in Washington.
Mrs. Warren was born in Washington. She attended Holton-Arms School, the College of William and Mary and George Washington University.
As an interior designer, her work included club and office space for American Airlines, public areas for Air Terminal Services at National Airport, offices at the Evening Star and The Washington Post, interior space at Brookings Institution and the Metropolitan Club. She also had done work with the curator at Mount Vernon. She retired in 1984.
Her marriage to Earle L. Warren ended in divorce.
Survivors include her husband, Richard Colin Warwick of Washington; two daughters from her first marriage, Shelley L. Warren of Markham, Va., and Leicester Rogers of Washington; and two granddaughters.
LORNA R. CORBETT
Public Relations Manager
Lorna R. Corbett, 51, a former public relations manager who was raised in Bethesda, died of respiratory failure Feb. 25 at a hospital in Norwalk, Conn. She had multiple sclerosis.
Mrs. Corbett was born in San Francisco. She was a graduate of Walter Johnson High School and the University of Maryland. She also attended Pennsylvania State University.
She worked initially for trade associations in communications jobs and in 1975 joined the Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association in Washington as director of public relations. She was manager of press relations in New York for Bristol Meyers Co. from 1979 to 1988.
Her marriage to James Rhodes ended in divorce.
Survivors include her husband, Dr. John F. Corbett of Norwalk; her mother, Marjory L. Crary of Bethesda; a sister, Catherine Clark of Herndon; and a brother, David W. Crary of Springfield.
PAUL R. HURT
Paul R. Hurt, 88, who owned and operated Hurt Cleaners in Arlington for more than 30 years, died of pneumonia March 13 at Powhatan Nursing Home in Falls Church. He had Alzheimer's disease. He lived in Alexandria.
Mr. Hurt founded his dry cleaning business in 1949 in the Clarendon section of Arlington, and he relocated the operation to Washington Boulevard and Fairfax Drive in 1952. He sold the business and retired in 1980.
He was born in Milledgeville, Ga., and worked at a dry cleaning shop in Macon, Ga., before World War II.
During the war, he served in the Army Air Forces at Bolling Field in Washington.
He then attended the National Institute of Dyeing and Cleaning.
He was a member of the Civitans and Queen of Apostles Catholic Church in Alexandria.
Survivors include his wife, Veronica Magoto Hurt of Alexandria; three children, Ellen Wallis of Glendale, Calif., Michael Hurt of Mountain View, Calif., and Richard Hurt of Arlington; and eight grandchildren.
Marsha Slavin, 79, a health analyst in the early 1970s with the National Health Service Corps, died March 10 at Sibley Memorial Hospital. She had cancer.
Mrs. Slavin was a native of New York and a graduate of Hunter College. She was an administrative assistant with the New York City Housing Authority in the 1940s and, after moving to Bethesda in 1963, with the National Institutes of Health.
She lived in Palm Beach, Fla., from 1978 until moving back to the District in 1993.
Survivors include her husband of 53 years, Morton Slavin of Washington; two children, Howard Slavin of Waban, Mass., and Barbara Slavin of Washington; a brother, Abraham Eisenberg of Cranbury, N.J.; and two grandchildren.
HORACE RAYMOND LEHMAN
Horace Raymond Lehman, 69, who retired in 1990 as sales manager of the Auth Brothers food services company, died of a heart attack March 17 at his home in Bethesda.
He was a native of Washington and a graduate of Wilson High School who attended the University of Virginia. He served in the Navy during World War II.
Before joining Auth Brothers in 1948, he was in the meat wholesaling business with his father for nearly 20 years.
He was a Mason and a member of Metropolitan Memorial United Methodist Church in Washington.
His wife, Joan Cannon Lehman, died in 1995.
Survivors include three children, Karl D. Lehman of Decatur, Ga., Nancy Ryan of Rockville and Robert M. Lehman of Trap Hill, N.C.; a sister, Margaret Mallorey of Gettysburg, Pa.; and five grandchildren.
Harvey Embrey, 69, a lifelong area resident who retired in 1983 as an analyst after 37 years with the National Security Agency, died of heart disease March 16 at his home in Silver Spring.
Mr. Embrey, a graduate of Eastern High School, served with the Navy during World War II. After the war, he joined the National Security Agency and later graduated from Wilson Teacher's College. He remained with the NSA until his retirement.
Survivors include his wife of 49 years, Ellen Consorti Embrey of Silver Spring; three children, Diane Clark and R. Steven Embrey, both of Silver Spring, and David Embrey of Savage, Md.; and six grandchildren.
CAPTION: CHARLES R. RICHEY