JACK DELANO Photographer
Jack Delano, 83, a photographer, filmmaker, cartoonist, graphic designer and composer who came to Puerto Rico on a visit and stayed for more than 50 years, died at a hospital on the island Aug. 12 of kidney failure.
Mr. Delano, whose autobiography, "Photographic Memories," was just published, illustrated Puerto Rico's transformation from a place with a poor agriculture-based economy to an industrialized society with a much higher standard of living. For an exhibit called "Contrasts," Mr. Delano returned decades later to the sites of his previous work; his photographs include wrinkled versions of some of the same faces he had photographed in the 1940s.
The exhibit was organized by the Smithsonian Institution, and it traveled throughout the United States, as well as to France, Brazil and Venezuela.
Born in Kiev, Ukraine, Mr. Delano came to the United States with his parents when he was almost 9. He grew up in Philadelphia and later attended the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.
During the 1940s, Mr. Delano traveled through every state for the federal Farm Security Administration, photographing cotton plantations, tobacco farms, fruit orchards, agricultural fairs and the lives of farm families, sharecroppers, migratory laborers and fishermen.
He stayed in Puerto Rico after receiving a grant to produce a book of photographs of the island. He and his wife established a graphics workshop, and he later managed the government-run television station and made films about the island. CARLTON MOSS Filmmaker
Carlton Moss, 88, a cultural scholar and filmmaker whose work about the black experience inspired African American actors and directors, died Aug. 10 at a hospital near his home in Los Angeles. The cause of death was not reported.
"The Negro Soldier," his 1943 Army documentary on black heroism, is regarded as a harbinger of racial progress that helped accelerate the drive for desegregation. The United Auto Workers used it to prepare members for an integrated work force.
At a time when blacks were largely excluded by the Hollywood establishment, Mr. Moss ended up making industrial and educational films with names such as "Happy Teeth, Healthy Smile." But the obscure films gave him the credentials he needed to turn out a stream of educational documentaries focusing on black achievement.
He later was a professor at the University of California at Irvine, and he lectured at Fisk University.
In his student days at what is now Morgan State University in Baltimore, Mr. Moss formed a troupe, Toward a Black Theater, that toured black campuses and brought him to New York. During the Harlem Renaissance, Moss hobnobbed with author W.E.B. Dubois, wrote three radio series for NBC and created a popular radio talk show. He was a fixture in the Depression-era Federal Theater of the Work Projects Administration.