Douglas MacArthur II, 88, whose long Foreign Service career included tours as ambassador to four nations and as an assistant secretary of state and work on some of the great diplomatic issues of the postwar world, died Nov. 15 at Georgetown University Hospital after a stroke and a heart attack.
Mr. MacArthur, the nephew and namesake of the famed five-star Army general, joined the State Department's Foreign Service in 1935. He was named career ambassador, the service's highest rank, in 1966 and retired in 1972 after three years as the U.S. ambassador to Iran. In 1970, Iranian extremists tried to kidnap him.
Mr. MacArthur held the post of department counselor from 1953 to 1956, during the Eisenhower administration. In that position, he coordinated international conferences and worked on the Austrian state treaty and was principal U.S. negotiator of the treaty that established the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
He was assistant secretary of state for congressional relations from 1965 to 1967, during the Johnson administration.
As ambassador, he served from 1956 to 1961 in Japan, where he helped negotiate and signed the landmark 1960 Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between Japan and the United States. As ambassador to Belgium from 1961 to 1965, he helped coordinate efforts with that government for the rescue of foreign hostages held in the former Belgian Congo. He also was ambassador to Austria from 1967 to 1969, when he went to Iran.
A 1956 newspaper profile of Mr. MacArthur described him as "a model of affable urbanity" and added that he was "shrewd and hard-working" and "cut from the highest-quality diplomatic cloth."
His first overseas assignment with the Foreign Service was as vice consul in Vancouver, B.C., in 1935. Later in the 1930s, he held posts in Italy and France. When Paris and the French government fell to the Germans in 1940, he became secretary of the U.S. Embassy staff in Vichy France, which was presided over by Marshal Petain and was friendly to Nazi Germany. In 1942, when the Germans occupied Vichy France, Mr. MacArthur and the rest of the embassy staff were interned in Germany until they were exchanged in March 1944.
Later in 1944, Mr. MacArthur became assistant political adviser to Army Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Allied supreme commander in Western Europe, and served with the future president in London and Normandy. After the liberation of Paris, he became head of the political section of the U.S. Embassy there, a post he held until 1948.
After a year at the embassy in Brussels, where he served as first secretary, he returned in 1949 to Washington, where he was chief of the State Department's Western European Affairs Division and then deputy director of the European regional affairs office, which worked out the foundation of NATO. From 1951 to 1953, he was a political adviser to Eisenhower, who was serving as military chief of NATO in Paris.
Mr. MacArthur, who lived in Washington, was born in Bryn Mawr, Pa. His father, Navy Capt. Arthur MacArthur, who died in 1923, was a World War I recipient of the Navy Cross, the nation's second-highest award for valor. His mother, the former Mary McCalla, was the daughter of a Navy rear admiral.
A grandfather, Arthur MacArthur, a Civil War hero and Medal of Honor winner, retired in 1909 as the Army's senior officer with the rank of lieutenant general. Mr. MacArthur's namesake uncle was also a Medal of Honor recipient.
Mr. MacArthur was a 1932 history and economics graduate of Yale University, where he was a member of the varsity football and rugby teams. He served as an Army officer before entering the Foreign Service in 1935.
After retiring from the State Department, he was a consultant to businesses in this country and Europe. He was a recipient of the World Business Council's Medal of Honor.
His wife of 53 years, the former Laura Louise "Wahwee" Barkley, a daughter of President Harry S. Truman's vice president, Alben Barkley, died in 1987. Survivors include a daughter, Laura MacArthur of Belgium; two grandchildren; and two great-grandchildren. JAMES GEORGE KOHLER D.C. Detective
James George Kohler, 76, a retired D.C. police detective lieutenant who co-owned retail lawn equipment businesses for the last 24 years, was killed Nov. 12 in a car accident outside Washington, Pa.
Mr. Kohler, who lived in Hyattsville, was returning home from a hunting trip in South Dakota. A Pennsylvania State Police spokesman said the truck Mr. Kohler was driving struck a guardrail after it skidded on a patch of ice on a bridge along Interstate 70. Mr. Kohler was pronounced dead at the scene. Three passengers in the truck suffered minor injuries, police said.
He began his career with the D.C. police department after serving in the Navy during World War II. He was a patrolman, then promoted to detective and detective lieutenant. He retired in 1970 and, three years later, started a retail lawn business with his son Gary Kohler. Kohler Equipment operates in Landover Hills and Upper Marlboro.
He was a member of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, American Legion and the Fraternal Order of Police.
He was an avid archer, hunter and fisherman.
In addition to his son, of Dunkirk, survivors include his wife, Betty Kohler of Hyattsville and another son, James R. "Bob" Kohler of Green Valley, Nev.; and a granddaughter. CHARLES ROSS Business Founder
Charles Ross, 84, founder and past president of R&G Orthopedics and Prosthetic Appliances of Washington who had been a docent at the Smithsonian Institution's Air and Space Museum since the mid-1970s, died of cancer Oct. 31 at his home in Bethesda.
He founded his company, which made equipment that was sold to hospitals, physicians, clinics and individuals, in 1946. He retired as presiVdent in 1974.
Mr. Ross, who was born in Budapest, came to this country in 1938. He lived in New York before coming to the Washington area in 1944. He served with the Army in Panama during World War II.
Survivors include his wife of 52 years, Bella Jurow Ross of Bethesda; and a brother, Leslie Racz of Cardiff, Wales. ORA LEE FRANCIS Resident Manager
Ora Lee Francis, 90, a former Pennsylvania schoolteacher and retired resident manager of the Elise Apartments in Washington, died of heart ailments Nov. 13 at the Washington Home.
Mrs. Francis, who was born in Dunbar, Pa., worked as a teacher and restaurant manager in Uniontown, Pa., before moving to the Washington area in 1958. She retired in 1976 after 18 years as resident manager of the Elise Apartments.
Her husband, Amedee Francis Sr., died in 1975.
Survivors include two sons, Amedee Francis of Washington and John Richard Francis of Uniontown; and two grandchildren. GEORGE HERRICK WALES Navy Admiral
George Herrick Wales, 88, a retired Navy rear admiral who was a Washington native, died of congestive heart failure Nov. 5 at a nursing home in Tucson.
He was a graduate of Western High School and the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis. He commanded submarines, including the Pogy, in the Pacific during World War II. His honors included two Silver Stars, a Legion of Merit, the Joint Chiefs of Staff Commendation Medal and the Navy Commendation Medal.
His commands included the Naval Proving Ground in Dahlgren, Va., an amphibious group in the Atlantic, the Amphibious Training Command at Little Creek, Va., the 15th Naval District in the Panama Canal Zone and the Third Naval District in New York. He retired in 1963.
His wife, Rose Ganey Wales, died in 1994.
Survivors include two children, Rosemary Wales-Parker of Mystic, Conn., and George Herrick Wales Jr. of Tucson; seven grandchildren; and five great-grandchildren. CHRISTOPHER M. GARDNER Arlington Resident
Christopher Michael Gardner, 21, an Arlington resident and a student at Johns Hopkins University, where he majored in political science and played on the lacrosse team, died of cancer Nov. 9 at his home.
Over the summer, he had done general office work in the Arlington law firm of Benzinger & Benzinger. At the time of his death, he was on medical leave from Johns Hopkins, where he was to begin his senior year. Mr. Gardner, who was born in New London, Conn., lived in Rockville from 1987 to 1989 and then in Federalsburg, Md., before moving to Arlington in 1993.
He was a 1994 graduate of Sts. Peter and Paul High School in Easton, Md., where he played on the soccer, basketball and lacrosse teams.
Survivors include his father, Kevin M. Gardner of Federalsburg; and his mother and stepfather, Kathleen Van Haverbeke and Robert Littell, and two brothers, Sean and Matthew Gardner, all of Arlington. JAMES F. ROSEMAN Church Layman
James F. Roseman, 75, a retired Defense Department budget analyst who was a member of A.M.E. Zion Church in Washington for nearly 50 years, died Nov. 10 at the Mariner Health Center in Kensington. He had Parkinson's disease.
Mr. Roseman, who was born in Catawba, N.C., came to Washington in 1942 and served in the Army during World War II. He attended Howard and Catholic universities.
He was a budget analyst with the Defense Department for 30 years until his retirement in 1981. He joined A.M.E. Zion Church in the late 1940s and served in a number of its outreach programs over the years. He was a member of the church's Board of Stewards and Historical Society. He also served as an administrative aide to the 12th Episcopal District of African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church.
Survivors include his wife of 46 years, Margaret Shuford Roseman of Washington; and a sister, Floyetta Cornelius of Washington. HOWARD F. GOLDBERG Army Colonel
Howard F. Goldberg, 69, a retired Army lieutenant colonel who was later the city manager of Lancaster, Pa., died Nov. 12 at his home in Lancaster after a heart attack.
Col. Goldberg was born in Washington and graduated from Eastern High School. He began his military career in 1945 at age 18, and he served for 25 years. This included service in the Korean War, assignments at the Pentagon and NATO duty in Paris and Brussels. For much of his service, he was in the Adjutant General Corps. After his Army retirement, Col. Goldberg was city manager of Lancaster for about 15 years during the 1970s and 1980s.
Survivors include his wife, Helen Goldberg of Lancaster; six siblings, Emma Rita Cunningham of Madison, Va., Mildred Mathias of Richmond, John Goldberg of Coral Springs, Fla., Catherine Cuellar of Cary, N.C., Margaret Mullins of Manassas and Helen Santoro of Tamarac, Fla.