Roger Vivier Shoe Designer
Roger Vivier, 90, the shoe designer who created the stiletto heel and clad the feet of movie stars and royalty while revolutionizing women's tastes in shoes from the 1930s to the 1960s, died Oct. 2 at his home in Toulouse, France. The cause of death was not reported.
His other designs included the "comma" heel, a curved steel creation developed with aeronautical engineers, and the "choc," a high heel that curved dramatically inward toward the arch of the foot.
His clients included Elizabeth Taylor, Marlene Dietrich and Sophia Loren. At her 1953 coronation, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II wore a pair of Vivier's gold, kid-leather shoes encrusted with 3,000 garnets. Lymon S. Ford United Way Director
Lymon S. Ford, 89, the third national executive director of the organization that became United Way of America, died Oct. 5 in Chapel Hill, N.C. The cause of death was not reported.
He was national executive director of United Community Funds and Councils of America from 1960 to 1970. He joined what became United Way in 1931 in Columbus, Ohio. In the 39 years that followed, he held many positions with the organization, including director of health and welfare planning and associate executive director.
Mr. Ford also served on the National Information Bureau Board, the National Health and Welfare Retirement Association Board, the National Council on Social Work Education Board and the National Conference of Lawyers and Social Workers. Gustavo Petricioli Mexican Ambassador
Gustavo Petricioli, 70, who served as Mexico's ambassador to the United States from 1989 to 1993, died Oct. 10 at a hospital in Mexico City after a heart attack.
Under President Miguel de la Madrid, he was finance minister from 1986 to 1988.
Mr. Petricioli, who served as ambassador during the administration of President Carlos Salinas de Gortari, played a role in crafting the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with the United States and Canada. Stephen Pearlman Actor
Stephen Pearlman, 63, a character actor with a booming voice who had appeared on stage, screen and television in genres from the classics to contemporary comedy, died of cancer Sept. 30 at his home in New York.
He had earned a living solely as an actor after his graduation from Dartmouth College in 1954. In addition to appearing on Broadway, he had made guest appearances on such television series as "Seinfeld" and "Law and Order."
Mr. Pearlman's most recent role was that of a Hasidic rabbi in "Pi," an independent film that won the dramatic direction award at this year's Sundance Film Festival. His other film credits included "Commandments," "Die Hard: With a Vengeance," "The First Wives Club" and "Quiz Show." Anatol Vieru Romanian Composer
Anatol Vieru, 72, one of Romania's foremost contemporary composers, died Oct. 8 in a hospital in Bucharest after a heart attack.
Mr. Vieru, a graduate of conservatories in Bucharest and Moscow, served for 40 years as a professor at Romania's George Enescu Music Academy. He wrote more than 100 symphonic, chamber, chorus, film and theatrical musical works. Kes Menashe ZemroReligious Leader Kes Menashe Zemro, 92, the chief rabbi of the Ethiopian Jewish community in both Ethiopia and Israel, died Oct. 7 in a southern Israeli town. The cause of death was not reported.
Kes Menashe, as he was known to his followers, was one of 14,000 Ethiopian Jews who immigrated to Israel during the 1991 Persian Gulf War in a dramatic airlift that took the majority of the community to Israel. In Ethiopia, a kes serves as the community's religious leader, much as a rabbi does in mainstream Judaism.
But when the Ethiopian Jewish community went to Israel, the authority of the kes was not recognized by Israel's governing religious body. Kes Menashe was not permitted to officiate at religious ceremonies such as weddings or funerals, but he continued to act as a spiritual leader, encouraging community members to bear the trials of immigration with patience and tolerance. Richard Cyert University President
Richard Cyert, 77, who served as president of Carnegie Mellon University from 1972 to 1990 and was the author of business books, died of cancer Oct. 7 at his home in Fox Chapel, Pa.
He worked at Carnegie Mellon, formerly Carnegie Tech, for 50 years and helped focus its business program on management. He wrote 12 books on business, including "A Behavioral Theory of the Firm" and "Bayesian Analysis and Uncertainty in Economic Theory."