Here's how some major bills fared recently in Congress and how local members of Congress voted, as provided by Thomas' Roll Call Report Syndicate. NV means Not Voting.

HOUSE VOTES LOCK BOX

For: 416 / Against: 12

House members passed a bill (HR 1259) requiring automatic record votes in the House for spending Social Security surpluses for purposes other than paying benefits or restructuring Social Security or Medicare. Under the GOP "lock box" plan, any House member could raise a point of order against diverting Social Security funds to other programs. It would take a simple majority vote to waive the point of order and allow tapping into Social Security. A Senate plan would require a three-fifths majority for diverting surpluses. Both measures are designed to protect an estimated $1.8 billion in Social Security accumulations over the next 10 years.

A yes vote was to pass the bill.

MARYLAND

Bartlett (R)

Yes

Cardin (D)

Yes

Ehrlich (R)

Yes

Gilchrest (R)

Yes

Hoyer (D)

Yes

Cummings (D)

Yes

Morella (R)

Yes

Wynn (D)

Yes

VIRGINIA

Davis (R)

Yes

Moran (D)

Yes

Wolf (R)

Yes

Bateman (R)

Yes

Bliley (R)

Yes

SOCIAL SECURITY

For: 205 / Against: 222

The House rejected an alternative to HR 1259 (above) that was backed by most Democrats and many fiscal conservatives. It would have gone beyond the GOP plan by using a lock box to block the spending of any federal surplus, not just the Social Security surplus. And it would have kept the lock box in effect until laws were enacted assuring the solvency of Social Security for 75 years and Medicare for 30 years.

A yes vote backed the alternative lock box plan.

MARYLAND

Bartlett (R)

No

Cardin (D)

Yes

Ehrlich (R)

No

Gilchrest (R)

No

Hoyer (D)

Yes

Cummings (D)

Yes

Morella (R)

No

Wynn (D)

Yes

VIRGINIA

Davis (R)

No

Moran (D)

Yes

Wolf (R)

No

Bateman (R)

No

Bliley (R)

No

SPENDING ISSUE

For: 129 / Against: 289

The House refused to cut administrative expenses at the U.S. Department of Agriculture by $3.1 million in fiscal 2000. The sum represents a 12 percent increase over 1999. The $3.1 million will be taken from Social Security surpluses, according to amendment sponsor Tom Coburn (R-Okla.), because without a subsidy from Social Security, the 2000 federal budget is in deficit.

The vote occurred during debate on a $60.8 billion USDA budget for 2000. It was one of several amendments by Coburn aimed at cutting departmental spending by $260 million. Coburn said his purpose was to freeze the USDA budget at its 1999 level and thus keep it from tapping into Social Security. His strategy forced House leaders to pull the bill (HR 1906) from the floor.

A yes vote was to cut the agriculture budget.

MARYLAND

Bartlett (R)

Yes

Cardin (D)

No

Ehrlich (R)

Yes

Gilchrest (R)

No

Hoyer (D)

No

Cummings (D)

No

Morella (R)

NV

Wynn (D)

No

VIRGINIA

Davis (R)

No

Moran (D)

No

Wolf (R)

No

Bateman (R)

No

Bliley (R)

No

MISSILE DEFENSE

For: 345 / Against: 71

The House agreed to Senate language requiring deployment of a national missile defense system as soon as it is technologically possible. This sent the bill (HR 4) to President Clinton. The system, now in a years-long testing stage that has yielded mixed results, would be deployed primarily against missiles from terrorist states, but it also is touted as helpful against ICBMs from countries such as China. Clinton and the Pentagon have recommended waiting until June 2000 before making a decision on whether to deploy, saying that to rush uncertain technology could create a false sense of security and weaken U.S. security.

A yes vote was to pass the bill.

MARYLAND

Bartlett (R)

Yes

Cardin (D)

Yes

Ehrlich (R)

Yes

Gilchrest (R)

Yes

Hoyer (D)

Yes

Cummings (D)

Yes

Morella (R)

Yes

Wynn (D)

Yes

VIRGINIA

Davis (R)

Yes

Moran (D)

Yes

Wolf (R)

Yes

Bateman (R)

Yes

Bliley (R)

Yes

RUSSIA

For: 117 / Against: 313

The House refused to remove Russia as a partner in the International Space Station with countries including the United States, Japan, Canada and European nations. The vote occurred during debate on a National Aeronautics and Space Administration funding bill (HR 1654). Although the first two components of the space station are now in orbit, Russia is behind schedule in meeting its commitment to provide a service module. Russia also has failed to meet its budget obligations by at least $4 billion, a deficit that U.S. taxpayers have covered. Those who advocate Russia's continued participation say the benefits of keeping it engaged in international scientific cooperation far outweigh the negatives.

A yes vote was to end Russia's partnership in the International Space Station.

MARYLAND

Bartlett (R)

No

Cardin (D)

No

Ehrlich (R)

No

Gilchrest (R)

Yes

Hoyer (D)

No

Cummings (D)

No

Morella (R)

No

Wynn (D)

No

VIRGINIA

Davis (R)

No

Moran (D)

Yes

Wolf (R)

No

Bateman (R)

No

Bliley (R)

Yes

AIRCRAFT NOISE

For: 225 / Against: 203

The House added $11 million to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's fiscal 2000 budget for research into quieter airplanes. This raised funding next year to $36 million, the same as in 1999. It restored a cut that had been made to provide more funds for the International Space Station. The vote occurred during debate on HR 1654 (above).

A yes vote was to spend more on aircraft noise reduction research.

MARYLAND

Bartlett (R)

No

Cardin (D)

Yes

Ehrlich (R)

No

Gilchrest (R)

No

Hoyer (D)

Yes

Cummings (D)

Yes

Morella (R)

No

Wynn (D)

Yes

VIRGINIA

Davis (R)

Yes

Moran (D)

Yes

Wolf (R)

Yes

Bateman (R)

No

Bliley (R)

No

SENATE

VOTES CLOSING BASES

For: 40 / Against: 60

The Senate refused to order another round of base closings. Under a post-Cold War procedure enacted in the 1980s, an independent panel targets bases it deems surplus to national security, and Congress votes to accept or reject the entire list. The law has produced four rounds of closings involving nearly 100 bases, the last occurring in 1995. This amendment was offered to a bill (S 1059) authorizing $289 billion for the Defense Department in fiscal 2000.

A yes vote backed another round of base closings.

MARYLAND

Mikulski (D)

No

Sarbanes (D)

No

VIRGINIA

Robb (D)

Yes

Warner (R)

No

ABORTION

For: 51 / Against: 49

Senators tabled (killed) an amendment making it legal for U.S. servicewomen and dependents to receive abortions at military hospitals abroad if they pay for the procedure. The vote occurred during debate on S 1059 (above). Under current law, abortions at military facilities overseas are permitted only in cases of rape or incest or to save the life of the mother. If one of those conditions is met, the abortions are paid for by the government.

A yes vote was to ban privately financed abortions at military hospitals abroad.

MARYLAND

Mikulski (D)

No

Sarbanes (D)

No

VIRGINIA

Robb (D)

No

Warner (R)

Yes

MILITARY BUDGET

For: 92 / Against: 3

The Senate passed a $288.8 billion defense budget (S 1059) for fiscal 2000, a 2.2 percent increase over 1999 after adjusting for inflation. Nearly one-third of the outlay is for new weapons.

Responding to reports of China systematically stealing U.S. nuclear secrets, the bill tightens security at U.S. weapons labs. In part, it puts the FBI in charge of background checks and gives the CIA increased authority to probe overseas launches of U.S. satellites and foreign attempts to obtain sensitive U.S. technology.

The bill provides a 4.8 percent military pay raise, improves pay scales for mid-career officers, and enables military personnel to join civil servants and postal workers in the government's 401(k)-style thrift savings plan. Also, it greatly expands the number of National Guard teams for responding to terrorist attacks within the United States.

A yes vote was to pass the bill.

MARYLAND

Mikulski (D)

Yes

Sarbanes (D)

Yes

VIRGINIA

Robb (D)

Yes

Warner (R)

Yes

KOSOVO

For: 77 / Against: 21

The Senate tabled (killed) an amendment cutting off funding of U.S. military actions in Yugoslavia on Oct. 1 unless Congress votes to authorize the war. This occurred during debate on S 1059 (above). The Senate in March authorized the NATO air offensive but refused in early May to sanction "all necessary force," including ground troops, against Serbia.

A yes vote opposed cutting off funds for the war in Yugoslavia.

MARYLAND

Mikulski (D)

Yes

Sarbanes (D)

Yes

VIRGINIA

Robb (D)

Yes

Warner (R)

Yes

NUCLEAR ARMS

For: 56 / Against: 44

The Senate tabled (killed) an amendment allowing the United States to reduce its nuclear weapons at a faster pace than is permitted in the 2000 defense bill (S 1059, above). Backers said quicker reduction would ease pressure on Russia. That, in turn, would make it less likely for Russian warheads to be unleashed accidentally or by a rogue state, they said. But opponents termed the amendment unilateral disarmament.

At issue was how quickly the United States should implement the START I and START II arms pacts. Both have been ratified by the Senate.

But the Duma has not acted on START II. The 2000 defense bill prohibits the United States from going beyond START I reductions until Russia implements START II. This amendment sought to remove that statutory floor.

A yes vote was to keep a floor under U.S. nuclear arms reduction.

MARYLAND

Mikulski (D)

No

Sarbanes (D)

No

VIRGINIA

Robb (D)

No

Warner (R)

Yes