Karl Z. Morgan
Karl Z. Morgan, 91, a pioneering health physicist who helped set international standards for radiation exposure, died June 8 in Oak Ridge, Tenn. The cause of death was not reported.
Dr. Morgan was the first president of the Health Physics Society, editor and chief of the Health Physics Journal for two decades and founder and president of the International Radiation Protection Association.
He was instrumental in lobbying for a 1968 federal law to require the medical profession to control excessive doses of radiation during X-rays. He also testified in such key radiation cases as the lawsuit brought by the family of nuclear whistleblower Karen Silkwood, who died in 1974.
Kenneth S. Davis
Historian and Biographer
Kenneth S. Davis, 86, an author and historian who recently completed work on a fifth volume of his biography of Franklin D. Roosevelt, died June 10 in Manhattan, Kan. The cause of death was not reported.
The first volume of the biography, "FDR: The Beckoning of Destiny," was published in 1974 and won the prestigious Francis Parkman Prize. Later volumes chronicled the Roosevelt years from 1928 to 1940. His fifth volume, "The War Years," has not been released.
Mr. Davis also wrote biographies of Adlai Stevenson, Dwight D. Eisenhower and Charles Lindbergh.
Anne Sheafe Miller
Anne Sheafe Miller, 90, who is believed to be the first patient in this country saved by penicillin when it was considered an experimental drug, died June 7 in Salisbury, Conn. The cause of death was not reported.
She made medical history in 1942 as she lay near death in Connecticut's New Haven Hospital. She suffered from a streptococcal infection, her temperature spiking to nearly 107. Treatment with sulfa drugs, surgery and blood transfusions all failed.
Mrs. Miller's doctors then tried a small amount of penicillin, an obscure, experimental drug at the time. Overnight, her temperature dropped sharply, and she began a rapid recovery. Her hospital chart is now at the Smithsonian Institution.
Harry Boone Porter
The Rev. Harry Boone Porter, 76, an Episcopal theologian and scholar who played a leading role in modernizing the church's Book of Common Prayer, died of pneumonia June 12 in Bridgeport, Conn.
He was an influential member of the Standing Liturgical Commission, the panel of church experts who worked from 1960 to 1976 to revise the wording of the Holy Communion service into modern English.
In recent years, Mr. Porter served as senior editor of The Living Church, a weekly magazine. He was the magazine's editor in Milwaukee from 1977 to 1990.
Ann L. Brown
Ann L. Brown, 56, an education professor at the University of California at Berkeley since 1988 whose work focused on how children learn and how they should be taught, died June 4 in Berkeley, Calif. The cause of death was not reported.
She pioneered the field of metacognition, the study of how people observe and take responsibility for their own learning. In her teaching method, students learn from each other.
Dr. Brown, who held a doctorate in psychology, did not learn to read herself until the age of 13, but went on to graduate with honors from the University of London.
Rick Fields, 57, whose 1981 book "How the Swans Came to the Lake: A Narrative History of Buddhism in America" chronicled the rise of Buddhism in the United States, died of cancer June 6 in Fairfax, Calif.
Mr. Fields, a close friend of Beat poet Allen Ginsburg, began writing at the Whole Earth Catalog in 1969 and later contributed regularly to the Yoga Journal and New Age Journal. He also founded the Loka Journal and taught at the Jack Kerouac School of Disembodied Poetics in Boulder, Colo.
Chen Xilian, 84, a veteran of China's communist revolution and career military officer who served as vice premier, died June 10 in Beijing. The cause of death was not disclosed.
Born into a poor peasant family, Chen joined the Red Army at the age of 14. Before the 1949 communist victory, he served for 20 years under military commanders who would become some of China's most influential politicians.
Promoted to general in 1955, Chen oversaw military operations in China's northeast, known in the West as Manchuria, and then in Beijing. He was named vice premier in 1975 and resigned five years later to make way for economic reformers favored by party leader Deng Xiaoping.
Robert J. Lapham
Robert J. Lapham, 77, president of Conde Nast Publications during the period in which it added the magazines Gentleman's Quarterly, Self, Vanity Fair and Gourmet, died June 4 in Newport Beach, Calif. The cause of death was not reported.
After stints with Seventeen and Esquire, he joined Conde Nast in 1954 as West Coast advertising and office manager for Vogue magazine. In 1961, he moved to New York to become Conde Nast's advertising director. Later, he became general manager, then vice president and was appointed president in 1974.