Here's how some bills fared recently in Congress and how local Congress members voted, as provided by Thomas' Roll Call Report Syndicate. NV means Not Voting.

HOUSE VOTES

TAX CUTS

For: 223 / Against: 208

The House passed a Republican bill reducing federal taxes by $792 billion over 10 years, with the cuts to be "paid for" with non-Social Security surpluses expected to accumulate over that period. The bill phases in a 10 percent cut in personal income tax rates, with each year's reduction allowed to take effect only when interest payments on the national debt go down. It also reduces the capital gains rate from 20 percent to 15 percent; eliminates estate and gift taxes over 10 years; eases the "marriage penalty" by raising the standard deduction for couples filing jointly to twice that of a single person; expands Education Savings Accounts to cover K-12 private and public education, as well as higher education; and provides an array of business and personal breaks, including ones to help workers protect pensions and the elderly meet medical costs.

A yes vote was to pass the bill.

MARYLAND

Yes No NV

Bartlett (R) *

Cardin (D) *

Ehrlich (R) *

Gilchrest (R) *

Hoyer (D) *

Cummings (D) *

Morella (R) *

Wynn (D) *

VIRGINIA

Yes No NV

Davis (R) *

Moran (D) *

Wolf (R) *

Bateman (R) *

Bliley (R) *

NATIONAL DEBT

For: 211 / Against: 220

The House defeated a proposal to commit budget surpluses to reducing the national debt before the surpluses are allocated to cutting taxes. Conservative Democrats offered the measure to a GOP tax cut bill. Under their plan, tax cuts would take effect only after half of the projected non-Social Security surplus over 10 years, and all of the projected Social Security surplus over 10 years, had been fenced off for use in paying down the publicly held debt. Now at $3.6 trillion, that debt requires about $225 billion in annual interest payments to holders of Treasury notes. If it were reduced, debt service would be diminished and interest rates likely would decline, stimulating the economy. Sponsors said that would generate funds for such purposes as cutting taxes or bolstering Social Security and Medicare. The measure defeated by this vote also limited total tax cuts to about $250 billion over 10 years.

A yes vote was to give debt reduction priority over tax cuts each year.

MARYLAND

Yes No NV

Bartlett (R) *

Cardin (D) *

Ehrlich (R) *

Gilchrest (R) *

Hoyer (D) *

Cummings (D) *

Morella (R) *

Wynn (D) *

VIRGINIA

Yes No NV

Davis (R) *

Moran (D) *

Wolf (R) *

Bateman (R) *

Bliley (R) *

EDUCATION

For: 239 / Against: 185

The House passed a GOP bill that authorizes $2 billion annually in elementary and secondary school block grants for purposes such as hiring new teachers, testing and improving the skills of existing faculty members, and establishing new tenure and merit-based advancement systems for teachers. Debate focused on the fact that the block grant undermines a year-old Democratic program for hiring 100,000 new teachers and reducing class sizes. The GOP bill makes teacher hiring optional and gives schools flexibility to spend their grants for any purpose spelled out in the bill.

A yes vote was to pass the bill.

MARYLAND

Yes No NV

Bartlett (R) *

Cardin (D) *

Ehrlich (R) *

Gilchrest (R) *

Hoyer (D) *

Cummings (D) *

Morella (R) *

Wynn (D) *

VIRGINIA

Yes No NV

Davis (R) *

Moran (D) *

Wolf (R) *

Bateman (R) *

Bliley (R) *

SENATE VOTES

NUCLEAR SECRETS

For: 44 / Against: 54

Senators refused to give the secretary of energy tight control over nuclear weapons labs. This occurred as the Senate passed an intelligence spending bill that, in part, created the Agency for Nuclear Stewardship within the Department of Energy. The new agency is charged with correcting security lapses of the sort that allowed China to obtain U.S. nuclear secrets during the Reagan, Bush and Clinton administrations. On this vote, senators defeated an amendment giving the energy secretary direct managerial control over the semi-autonomous agency. The vote left intact a plan to give the secretary final but remote authority over the agency. A yes vote was to give the secretary of energy direct control over nuclear labs.

MARYLAND

Yes No NV

Mikulski (D) *

Sarbanes (D) *

VIRGINIA

Yes No NV

Robb (D) *

Warner (R) *

ALCOHOL

For: 43 / Against: 54

The Senate refused to provide the Justice Department with $25 million in fiscal 2001 for a media campaign to discourage underage drinking. A yes vote was to back the amendment.

MARYLAND

Yes No NV

Mikulski (D) *

Sarbanes (D) *

VIRGINIA

Yes No NV

Robb (D) *

Warner (R) *

THE MENTALLY ILL

For: 56 / Against: 40

The Senate tabled (killed) an amendment giving federal courts more authority to receive suits by juvenile prisoners who are mentally ill. A yes vote was to kill the amendment.

MARYLAND

Yes No NV

Mikulski (D) *

Sarbanes (D) *

VIRGINIA

Yes No NV

Robb (D) *

Warner (R) *