S. Howard Woodson Jr.

New Jersey Official

S. Howard Woodson Jr., 83, an African American Baptist pastor emeritus who in 1974 was elected speaker of the New Jersey State Assembly and who served from 1975 to 1982 as president of his state's Civil Service Commission, died of pneumonia July 28 at a hospital in Trenton, N.J.

The Philadelphia native was ordained in 1944 and settled in Trenton in 1946. He served as pastor of Shiloh Baptist Church in Trenton for 53 years before retiring in March.

Mr. Woodson, who served on the Trenton City Council from 1962 until he was elected to the state legislature in 1964, was the recipient of awards from such groups as the National Education Association and the National Conference of Chistrians and Jews.

Nirad C. Chaudhuri

Writer

Nirad C. Chaudhuri, 101, the Indian-born author and scholar who was scorned in India but acclaimed abroad, died Aug. 1 at his home in Oxford, England, after a stroke.

In 1951, he published "The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian," a memoir of his childhood in what is now Bangladesh. His accounts of Indian customs and castes, and of his reading Shakespeare alongside Sanskrit classics, resulted in some critics calling him the last British imperialist.

At age 90, he wrote a second 1,000-page autobiographical work, "Thy Hand, Great Anarch." His last book of essays, "Three Horsemen of the New Apocalypse," written when he was 99, was an indictment of what he called India's failed leadership and a lament for the decline of the country.

Leo V. Berger

Shipping Executive

Leo V. Berger, 78, one of the country's biggest shipping magnates and a man who helped revitalize the U.S. Merchant Marine fleet, died July 24 in Miami Beach after a heart attack.

He began working to rebuild America's dying international shipping business in 1967 with the federally subsidized purchase of an oil tanker for $1.5 million. He built his Apex Marine Corp., of Lake Success, N.Y., to a business with an estimated annual revenue of $100 million and a fleet of 24 ships at its high point in the mid-1980s.

The Hungarian immigrant came to the United States with his family in 1928 and settled in New York. He was inducted into the U.S. Merchant Marine's Hall of Distinguished Graduates last year.

Porfirio Delgado

Guitar Maker

Porfirio Delgado, 85, whose Candelas Guitars made instruments for such Hispanic stars as Los Panchos, Los Diamantes, Los Lobos, Jose Feliciano and Andres Segovia, died July 28 at his home in East Los Angeles after a heart attack.

He and older brother, Candelario, who died in 1983, opened Candelas Guitars in East Los Angeles in 1948. It is currently run by Mr. Delgado's grandsons, Tomas and Manuel.