Yitzhak Rafael

Israeli Official

Yitzhak Rafael, 85, a former legislator and government minister who helped bring hundreds of thousands of immigrants to Israel, died Aug. 3 in Jerusalem. The cause of death was not reported.

Mr. Rafael, who came to Israel from Poland in 1935, headed the immigration department in the quasi-governmental Jewish Agency in the nation's early years and oversaw waves of immigration from 1948 to 1953.

He was religious affairs minister from 1974 to 1977 and served seven terms in the Israeli Knesset, or parliament, as a member of the National Religious Party. After retiring from public life, he wrote and published religious and Zionist writings as head of a Jerusalem institute affiliated with the party.

Robert E. Hunt

Former Priest

Robert E. Hunt, 65, a former Catholic University theologian who left the university and the priesthood after publicly dissenting from Pope Paul VI's 1968 encyclical teaching on birth control, died of myloid leukemia Aug. 5 at his home in Baltimore.

Mr. Hunt, a former director of the division of dogmatic studies in the university's theology school, was among 12 theologians who faced disciplinary action by the church after announcing their disagreement with the pope.

Later, he was co-author with Rev. Charles Curran of the book "Dissent In and For the Church," which analyzed events connected with the controversy over the papal encyclical. Mr. Hunt worked in real estate in New York, Miami and Baltimore.

Henry W. Sawyer III

Philadelphia Lawyer

Henry W. Sawyer III, 80, a lawyer who was a champion of liberal, civil rights and civil liberties causes who won two landmark U.S. Supreme Court cases, died of lung cancer July 31 in Philadelphia.

In 1962, the Supreme Court ruled in Schempp v. the Abington School District that prayer and the ceremonial reading of the Bible in public schools are unconstitutional. In 1971, the court ruled in Lemon v. Kurtzman that public aid to parochial schools is unconstitutional.

Mr. Sawyer, who had served on the Philadelphia City Council from 1956 to 1959, was a past chapter president of the American Civil Liberties Union and a past chapter chairman of the Americans for Democratic Action.

Abdel Wahab al-Bayati

Iraqi Poet

Abdel Wahab al-Bayati, 73, a renowned Iraqi writer who revolutionized Arabic poetry by breaking away from classical forms of poetry and started what later became known as free verse, died Aug. 3 in Damascus, Syria, after a heart attack.

Mr. al-Bayati graduated from Baghdad University and taught school before being fired for his leftist political opinions. In 1954, he went into exile, first to Syria and then to the Soviet Union and Egypt. He returned to Iraq after the 1958 revolution, but later fled again after disagreements with the next government.

He returned after a 1968 coup, but fled a few years later when the regime began a brutal campaign against leftists. In 1980, Saddam Hussein assigned him to Iraq's diplomatic mission in Madrid in an attempt to win him over. Mr. al-Bayati quit in disgust after Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait.

Alberto Gironella

Mexican Painter

Alberto Gironella, 70, a leading Mexican surrealist painter and promoter of literature and the arts, died Aug. 2 in Mexico City. He had bone cancer.

He painted surrealist versions of subjects as diverse as Emiliano Zapata, the Mexican Revolution leader, and Madonna as well as his own interpretations of such classical paintings as Spaniard Diego Velazquez's "Las Meninas" and works by the Spanish painter Goya.

In 1960, he was awarded a prize at the Paris Biennial for Young Painters. After that, he and many younger artists broke away from the politically inspired surrealist masters who concentrated on depicting the poverty and suffering of Mexico's working classes. The younger artists insisted that artists should be free to invent and fantasize without constraints.

David `D.W.' Brooks

Business Executive

David William "D.W." Brooks, 97, the founder of the farming cooperative Gold Kist Inc. that became the nation's second largest poultry processor with annual sales of more than $2 billion, died Aug. 5 in Atlanta. The cause of death was not reported.

He formed the farm cooperative that would become Gold Kist in 1933 as the Georgia Cooperative Cotton Producers Association. He also started Cotton Sales Mutual Insurance Cos. in 1941.

Mr. Brooks advised seven presidents, from Harry S. Truman to Jimmy Carter, and was named Man of the Year in Agriculture in the South in 1966 by Progressive Farmer magazine.

Mohammed Hadid

Democracy Advocate

Mohammed Hadid, 92, an economist and politician who devoted his life to advocating democracy in Iraq, died Aug. 3 in a hospital in London after an asthma attack.

Mr. Hadid, a London School of Economics graduate, became Iraq's finance minister in 1949 when the country was ruled by the monarchy. He resigned after less than two months when the government failed to hold free elections, and he was instrumental in the 1958 revolution that toppled the monarchy and established the first republic in Iraq.

Mr. Hadid served as the republic's first finance minister in the government of Abdel Karim Qassem. He resigned from the government and the National Democratic Party in 1961. In 1963, after a bloody coup, Mr. Hadid was detained for a year without trial, then left politics. The government of Saddam Hussein barred him from leaving Iraq until four years ago, when he went to London.

Zohara Schatz

Israeli Artist

Zohara Schatz, 83, an artist who designed the emblem of Israel's Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial, died Aug. 4 in Jerusalem. The cause of death was not reported.

Ms. Schatz was a fixture in the Jerusalem art scene. She designed numerous sculptures and decorative works throughout the city, including the six-branched menorah, or candelabra, that stands at the entrance to Yad Vashem.

The sculpture became the museum's emblem, commemorating the 6 million Jews who died in the Holocaust. It is lit once a year on Holocaust Remembrance Day.

Richard Anthony Marion

TV Actor and Director

Richard Anthony Marion, 50, who went from a role on TV's 1970s comedy "Operation Petticoat" to directing recent episodes of "Everybody Loves Raymond," died July 19 in Los Angeles after a heart attack.

He played pharmacist's mate Williams on the 1977-79 ABC-TV series "Operation Petticoat," a comedy set on a submarine in World War II. He later directed episodes of the 1989-92 ABC comedy "Anything but Love."