Emil F. Paroulek

Defense Secretary Aide

Emil F. Paroulek, 88, an electrical engineer who worked at the Defense Department for 20 years before retiring in 1979 as staff specialist for tactical communications in the office of the Secretary of Defense, died Aug. 22 at the Hospice of Northern Virginia after a stroke.

While at the Defense Department, Mr. Paroulek headed satellite communications programs and established communications standards for navigation systems.

In retirement, he worked as a consultant for the science and technology division of the Institute for Defense Analyses.

Mr. Paroulek, who lived in Arlington, was born in Leetsdale, Pa., and raised in Nebraska. He graduated with a degree in electrical engineering from the University of Nebraska and did graduate work at the University of Chicago.

He began his career as an electrical engineer in 1943 with the Navy Department. There, he designed electronics equipment that was used for the production of deuterium, or "heavy water," a vital component in the construction of the first atomic bomb.

He also was a pilot and flying enthusiast. He unsuccessfully sought to become a Navy pilot during World War II but later helped operate an airport at Rehoboth Beach, Del.

Survivors include his wife, Agnes Paroulek of Arlington; a son, Joe Paroulek of Kent Island, Md.; and three grandchildren.

Edith Kern Mosher


Edith Kern Mosher, 89, a scholar on federal educational politics and policy and a resident of the Westminster at Lake Ridge retirement community since 1991, died of complications from lymphoma and acute leukemia Aug. 22 at Inova Fairfax Hospital.

Dr. Mosher, a specialist in intergovernmental relationships in education, served on the faculty of the Curry School of Education at the University of Virginia from 1968 to 1983. She served as a consultant to a predecessor agency to the Education Department and authored numerous assessments on the politics of state and local education.

In retirement, she was active in the League of Women Voters and volunteered at the Fairfax County Courthouse.

She was born in St. Louis and raised in Dallas. She graduated in 1929 from what was then Texas State College for Women and received a doctorate in education from the University of California at Berkeley.

Her husband, Frederick C. Mosher, died in 1990.

Survivors include three children, David Mosher of Oakton, James Mosher of Felton, Calif., and Christine Thayer of Alexandria; and four grandchildren.

Mildred Gumaer Fields


Mildred Gumaer Fields, 88, who retired in 1970 after three years as the head librarian at the White Oak Library, died of cancer Aug. 18 at her home in Silver Spring.

Mrs. Fields had lived in Silver Spring for 50 years and worked for Montgomery County libraries for about 18 years. Before joining White Oak in 1967, she was a reference librarian for branch libraries at Jessup Blair, Wheaton, Four Corners, Bethesda and Silver Spring.

She was born in Orange County, N.Y. After graduating in 1932 with a library science degree from Simmons College in Boston, she took a job as a rotating librarian with the New York City Public Library and attended graduate school at Columbia University.

She was a member of the Seven Oaks-Evanswood Neighborhood Association and a volunteer with literacy programs in Montgomery County.

Her husband, Ogden W. Fields, died in 1983. Survivors include three children, Sarah Darke of Moab, Utah, and Grace Woodard and Walter Fields, both of New York City; four grandchildren; and two great-grandchildren.

Thomas Sawyer Lawson

Bank Executive

Thomas Sawyer Lawson, 78, the former head of the trust department at Suburban Trust Co. who retired as an executive vice president, died of cancer Aug. 25 at Montgomery General Hospital.

Mr. Lawson, who lived in Silver Spring, was born in Washington. He graduated from McKinley High School and attended the school of banking at Rutgers University. During World War II, he served in the Navy in the Pacific.

He had worked about 20 years for Suburban Trust when he retired in 1981. Earlier he had worked for Union Trust Co.

He was a member of the Silver Spring Rotary and was a former district governor of Rotary Clubs. He did volunteer work with Meals on Wheels, and he served on the financial board of Colesville United Methodist Church.

In retirement, Mr. Lawson worked for H&R Block and had his own tax consulting business.

Survivors include his wife, Ruth Oliver Lawson of Silver Spring; one daughter, Susan Lawson Jasper of Olney; and three grandchildren.

Francis Xavier Mahaney

Washington Post Ad Representative

Francis Xavier Mahaney, 78, a former newspaper photographer and retired Washington Post advertising representative, died of complications from cancer Aug. 25 at the Hospice of Northern Virginia.

Mr. Mahaney had worked for more than 10 years as a photographer for the old Washington Times Herald and briefly for the Catholic Standard before joining The Post in 1956. He spent the following 25 years in The Post's advertising department, where he mainly handled national advertisement accounts.

An Annandale resident since 1965, he was a native Washingtonian who attended St. Johns College. As a youngster, he got his start in the newspaper business selling The Post, the Times Herald and the old Washington Star on street corners.

His wife, the former Gloria Emmert Hoffman, died in 1991.

Survivors include two children, Mary C. Mahaney and Francis X. Mahaney Jr., both of Annandale.

Norman E. Peterson

Army Supply Clerk

Norman E. Peterson, 79, a retired Army supply clerk who was a veteran of World War II and the Korean War, died of cardiac arrest Aug. 24 at the Calvert House, a seniors facility in Croom. His home was in Capitol Heights.

Mr. Peterson was born in Pawtucket, R.I., and raised in New York. He served for 25 years in the Army, including postings in China and Burma during World War II and in Korea during the war there.

He came to Washington in 1963 and was a clerk for 11 years at the Washington Navy Yard.

His interests included square-dance calling.

His wife, Helen Neill Peterson, died in 1997.

Survivors include two children, Donna M. Peterson of Capitol Heights and Robert E. Peterson of Chicago; a sister; and three grandchildren.