Gustavo Leigh Guzman

Chilean General

Gustavo Leigh Guzman, 79, who as a Chilean air force general was a key figure in the 1973 coup led by Gen. Augusto Pinochet, died Sept. 29 in Santiago, Chile. The cause of death was not reported.

He was commander of the air force on Sept. 11, 1973, the day of the Pinochet-led coup that toppled Marxist president Salvador Allende. Gen. Leigh quickly emerged as the toughest member in the four-man military junta. Just hours after the coup, he vowed the military would "eradicate the Marxist cancer from our fatherland, until the last consequences."

It was on his personal orders, he disclosed later, that the air force bombarded and heavily damaged the presidential palace to put down the resistance by Allende and a small group of his followers. In 1978, Gen. Leigh became the first junta member to urge the restoration of civilian rule. That cost him his position with both the junta and the air force.

Marion Zimmer Bradley

Sci-Fi Writer

Marion Zimmer Bradley, 69, a science fiction writer whose "Mists of Avalon" was a national bestseller, died Sept. 25 in Berkeley, Calif., after a heart attack.

She began writing science fiction for pulp magazines in the 1950s. "The Mists of Avalon," published in 1982, was a retelling of the King Arthur legend from a woman's viewpoint. Her 21-novel sword-and-sorcery "Darkover" series of novels, about a planet colonized by Earth, also was a top science-fiction seller.

In addition to writing about 75 novels, often under pseudonyms, Ms. Bradley used profits from "Avalon" to establish Marion Zimmer Bradley's Fantasy Magazine, which she edited until her death. She also wrote and edited for like-minded publications including Daw Books's annual anthology "Sword and Sorceress."

Harold F. Kress

Film Editor

Harold F. Kress, 86, Academy Award-winning film editor for both the 1962 Cinerama epic "How the West Was Won" and the 1974 disaster movie "The Towering Inferno," died Sept. 18 in Palm Desert, Calif. The cause of death was not reported.

He spent 40 years with MGM Studios and Columbia Pictures and edited more than 50 major motion pictures.

They included "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," "Mrs. Miniver," "Madame Curie," "The Yearling," "Teahouse of the August Moon" and "The Greatest Story Ever Told."

Mr. Kress, a past president of the Motion Picture Editors Guild, had served on the board of the American Cinema Editors, receiving its Lifetime Achievement Award in 1992.

Ted Arison


Ted Arison, 75, the American Israeli billionaire who founded Carnival Cruise Lines and was one of the original partners in the Miami Heat basketball team when it won a National Basketball Association franchise in 1987, died Oct. 1 in Jerusalem after a heart attack.

He entered the American University of Beirut at age 16 to study engineering, then served in the British Army in World War II before taking over the family business, M. Dizengoff and Co., which owns ships and acts as general agent for several shipping lines.

In the early 1950s, Mr. Arison closed his operations in Israel and moved to the United States, where he embarked on a number of air cargo ventures. His rise to prominence accelerated in 1972 with the purchase of his first passenger ship and the founding the highly successful Carnival Cruise Lines.

Cotesworth Pinckney Lewis

Church Rector

The Rev. Cotesworth Pinckney Lewis, 86, who once told President Lyndon B. Johnson that Americans needed a "straightforward explanation" about the Vietnam War, died Sept. 29 in Williamsburg. The cause of death was not reported.

His 1967 sermon to the visiting Johnson at Bruton Parish Episcopal Church prompted the church's vestry and the governor of Virginia to apologize to the president.

Mr. Lewis, a native of Birmingham, Ala., and the recipient of two divinity degrees, spent nearly 50 years in the ministry.

He was rector of Bruton Parish Church from 1956 to 1985, during which time the congregation more than doubled.

Chester G. Starr


Chester G. Starr, 84, a University of Michigan professor emeritus and author of more than 20 books who was the founding president of the Association of Ancient Historians, died Sept. 22 in Ann Arbor, Mich. The cause of death was not reported.

He taught history at the University of Illinois for 30 years before joining the Michigan faculty in 1970.

Dr. Starr, who received bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Missouri, held a history doctorate from Cornell University. During World War II, he served with the Army in the Mediterranean theater, becoming chief of the historical section of the 5th Army with the rank of lieutenant colonel.

Anneli Cahn Lax


Anneli Cahn Lax, 77, the editor of the Mathematical Association of America's New Mathematical Library Series who taught at New York University for 31 years before retiring in 1992, died Sept. 24 in New York. The cause of death was not reported.

Begun in 1961, the New Mathematical Library Series had published 36 volumes by 1995. The series aimed to make mathematics accessible to the general reader without stinting on technical accuracy.

In her own work as a mathematician, Ms. Lax is credited with having made significant contributions to the theory of hyperbolic equations, a mathematical theory about aspects of the behavior of waves.

John R. Crews

Medal of Honor Recipient

John R. Crews, 76, who received the Medal of Honor, the nation's highest award for valor, for capturing 27 German prisoners after storming a machine gun emplacement in World War II, died Sept. 26 in Oklahoma City. The cause of death was not reported.

He was decorated for storming a German machine gun emplacement on April 8, 1945, with two other soldiers after his platoon leader was wounded. President Harry S. Truman asked Crews where he got the courage to fight like he did.

"I learned at home that you do everything you're told," Mr. Crews replied. "I saw no difference in my military orders."

Bernadette O'Farrell


Bernadette O'Farrell, 75, the Irish-born actress who played Maid Marian in the long-running 1950s television series "The Adventures of Robin Hood," which starred Richard Greene in the title role, died in the last week of September. The location and cause of her death were not reported.

"The Adventures of Robin Hood," which ran from 1955 to 1959, was very popular with younger viewers, not least because of its catchy theme tune, sung by Dick James, which became a hit in 1956. The series, a traditional version of the Robin Hood legend, was one of the first British productions to succeed in the United States. But after 78 episodes, in 1957, Ms. O'Farrell became worried that she was being typecast and quit the series.

Paul A. `Tony' Andrulonis


Paul A. "Tony" Andrulonis, 53, an internationally known authority on child and adolescent psychiatry, died Sept. 26 in West Hartford, Conn., after a heart attack.

He was director of child and adolescent psychiatry at Hartford Hospital's Institute of Living and the Connecticut Children's Medical Center in Hartford. He also had worked to help organize academic conferences in Eastern Europe designed to help improve psychiatric care for children.