E. William Crotty

Diplomat and Fund-Raiser

E. William Crotty, 68, a Florida lawyer and major Democratic Party fund-raiser who became U.S. ambassador to the Eastern Caribbean last year, died of pneumonia Oct. 10 at a hospital in Gainesville, Fla.

Mr. Crotty, a longtime Daytona Beach lawyer and civic activist, was ambassador to seven nations--Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, St. Lucia, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. He was appointed to the post in November and was based in Barbados.

He was former chairman of the Executive Committee of the Democratic National Committee Board of Directors and a fervent fund-raiser for numerous candidates, including President Clinton and Vice President Gore.

Robert 'Gorilla Monsoon' Marella

Professional Wrestler

Robert "Gorilla Monsoon" Marella, 62, the rotund professional wrestler who became a television announcer and later president of the World Wrestling Federation, died Oct. 6 in Willingboro, N.J., after a heart attack.

The 6-foot-6, 400-pounder's wrestling career began in the 1960s and ran until the early 1980s. Mr. Marella once shared a world tag-team title with "Killer" Kowalski. Initially a villain who feuded with pro wrestling legend Bruno Samartino, he later became beloved among fans.

As a ringside analyst on WWF telecasts, Mr. Marella was known for his on-air banter with fellow announcer Jesse Ventura, now Minnesota's governor.

Mr. Marella was WWF president in the mid-1990s.

Floyd Elmer Johnson

Charlottesville Architect

Floyd Elmer Johnson, 90, a retired Charlottesville architect who was a past chairman of both the Albemarle County Planning Commission and the Virginia State Fine Arts Commission, died Oct. 9 in Charlottesville after a heart attack.

He was a partner in the firm of Johnson, Craven and Gibson from 1940 to 1994. Over the years, his projects included the Albemarle County Court building, the Charlottesville airport's terminal building, libraries, post offices and University of Virginia buildings. He had worked with the Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation at Monticello for 50 years.

Mr. Johnson, who had taught design courses at the University of Virginia, was a fellow of the American Institute of Architects and a recipient of its Virginia chapter's highest award. He also had been honored by the Civic League of Charlottesville and Albemarle County and by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities.

Thomas H. Lake

Pharmaceutical Executive

Thomas H. Lake, 80, who served as president of the giant Eli Lilly & Co. pharmaceutical organization from 1973 to 1976 and chaired the Lilly Endowment from 1977 to 1992, died Oct. 10 in Indianapolis. The cause of death was not reported.

Mr. Lake, who served as the foundation's president from 1977 to 1984, was a member of the company's board of directors from 1965 to 1989. He began his career with the drug company in 1946 in sales.

The son of a Saltsburg, Pa., coal miner, Mr. Lake received his bachelor's degree in pharmacy and chemistry from Temple University in 1941. He served in the Army in World War II, rising to the rank of major.

A.L. 'Doodle' Owens

Country Songwriter

A.L. "Doodle" Owens, 68, who wrote dozens of country music hits for such stars as Charley Pride, George Jones and Moe Bandy, died Oct. 4 in Nashville after a heart attack.

Mr. Owens's hits included "Wine Colored Roses" for Jones, "Johnny One Time" for Brenda Lee and "Hank and Lefty Raised My Country Soul" for Stoney Edwards.

Mr. Owens, a native of Waco, Tex., moved to Nashville in 1965 after being encouraged by singer Ray Price. He co-wrote two No. 1 hits for Pride in 1969, "(I'm So) Afraid of Losing You Again" and "All I Have to Offer You (Is Me)."

Howard C. Raether

Association Executive

Howard C. Raether, 83, known to colleagues as "Mr. Funeral Service" during his years as executive director of the National Funeral Directors Association, died Oct. 6 in Milwaukee. The cause of death was not reported.

He frequently appeared on radio and television in the 1960s to defend the industry from criticism leveled by British author Jessica Mitford in the 1963 book "The American Way of Death," which portrayed funeral directors as using questionable practices and taking unfair advantage of grieving survivors.

He also represented the industry during hearings and debate in the early 1980s, when the Federal Trade Commission developed rules governing price disclosures of funeral goods and services.

Emil Schumacher

Abstract Artist

Emil Schumacher, 87, one of postwar Germany's leading abstract expressionist artists, died Oct. 4 while vacationing on the Spanish island of Ibiza.

In 1947, along with Gustav Deppe, Thomas Grochowiak, Ernst Hermanns, Heinrich Siepmann and Hans Werdehausen, he founded the group "The Young West." Then, in the early 1950s, he broke with tradition and adopted a completely abstract style that became known as "informal art," where the workmanship and application of paint and other materials becomes the image.

His paintings hang in museums around the world, including the Guggenheim in New York and the Tate Gallery in London.

Joao Cabral Melo Neto

Brazilian Poet

Joao Cabral Melo Neto, 79, a Brazilian poet famed for his simple language and form who had been hailed as one of Brazil's most influential 20th-century poets, died Oct. 9 at his home in Rio de Janeiro. The cause of death was not disclosed.

In 1956, he published the book of poems "Duas Aguas," which included his most celebrated poem, "Morte e Vida Severina." U.S. poet Elizabeth Bishop translated a book of selected poems written between 1937 and 1990, and it won high praise from reviewers.

Mr. Cabral also served as ambassador to Colombia and Senegal and worked as a diplomat in Spain, Portugal, England and Switzerland.

Faith Gallo

Magazine Publisher Faith

Gallo, 62, a former publisher of Pittsburgh Magazine who also had worked for such publications as Richmond Lifestyle, Commonwealth Magazine and Carolina Lifestyle, died of leukemia Oct. 8 in Pittsburgh.

She was publisher of Pittsburgh Magazine, owned by Pittsburgh's PBS station WQED, from 1984 to 1989. When she left the magazine, she moved briefly to Detroit to become the publisher of Detroit Monthly.

Ms. Gallo then returned to Pittsburgh. She served as director of the city's Parks and Recreation Department, a communications consultant and, most recently, a consultant to the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy.

Shmuel Schnitzer

Newspaper Founder

Shmuel Schnitzer, 81, the founder and former editor of the Israeli daily newspaper Maariv, died Oct. 6 in Jerusalem at his desk in the newspaper office after finishing an article. The cause of death was not reported.

He was among a group of journalists who started Maariv, an afternoon newspaper, in 1948. He served as the paper's editor from 1980 to 1982 and was known for his sharply worded editorials and commentaries.

Gian Paolo Cresci

Italian Editor

Gian Paolo Cresci, 65, editor in chief of the conservative Rome-based daily Il Tempo since 1997 and who had been an aide to Premier Amintore Fanfani and general manager of the Christian Democrats' publishing house, died of a heart attack Oct. 8 in Rome.

He began his journalism career in his native Florence in 1955, and by 1962 he headed the Rome bureau of the Naples-based daily Il Mattino. After producing television programs for RAI, Italian state television, he was chosen to head RAI's press office.