Here's how some major bills fared recently in Congress and how local Congress members voted, as provided by Thomas' Roll Call Report Syndicate. NV means Not Voting.

HOUSE VOTES

LOW-INCOME FATHERS

For: 328 / Against: 93

The House passed a bill using federal grants to instill responsible fatherhood in low-income fathers. It provides $140 million over two years to public, private and religious organizations, which would conduct programs to promote marriage between unwed parents, to help fathers develop a positive attitude toward their children and to enable fathers to acquire job skills, earning power and parenting skills.

A yes vote was to pass the bill.

MARYLAND

Yes No NV

Bartlett (R) *

Cardin (D) *

Ehrlich (R) *

Gilchrest (R) *

Hoyer (D) *

Cummings (D) *

Morella (R) *

Wynn (D) *

VIRGINIA

Yes No NV

Davis (R) *

Moran (D) *

Wolf (R) *

Bateman (R) *

Bliley (R) *

CHURCH AND STATE

For: 184 / Against: 238

The House rejected an amendment that sought to prohibit funding in the above bill from going directly to a church, synagogue or other house of worship. Backers said the amendment was necessary to preserve the constitutional separation of church and state. The measure allowed affiliated religious organizations to receive grants for programs teaching responsible fatherhood.

A yes vote opposed direct funding to churches, synagogues and other houses of worship.

MARYLAND

Yes No NV

Bartlett (R) *

Cardin (D) *

Ehrlich (R) *

Gilchrest (R) *

Hoyer (D) *

Cummings (D) *

Morella (R) *

Wynn (D) *

VIRGINIA

Yes No NV

Davis (R) *

Moran (D) *

Wolf (R) *

Bateman (R) *

Bliley (R) *

ELECTRONIC COMMERCE

For: 356 / Against: 66

The House voted to establish uniform, national standards for electronic signatures and documents, leaving it up to the marketplace to develop the standards and apply them to Internet transactions. Under the bill, companies and individuals will be identified by a unique digital code giving authenticity to electronic documents such as contracts.

The bill allows digital signatures and records to be used in securities transactions, and it requires customer acceptance before electronic documents can be substituted for paper records. But critics said it lacks consumer protection in areas such as safeguarding contract rights.

A yes vote was to pass the bill.

MARYLAND

Yes No NV

Bartlett (R) *

Cardin (D) *

Ehrlich (R) *

Gilchrest (R) *

Hoyer (D) *

Cummings (D) *

Morella (R) *

Wynn (D) *

VIRGINIA

Yes No NV

Davis (R) *

Moran (D) *

Wolf (R) *

Bateman (R) *

Bliley (R) *

SENATE VOTES

MINIMUM WAGE

For: 54 / Against: 44

The Senate approved a GOP plan to raise the minimum hourly wage by $1 over 27 months and to cut business taxes by $18.4 billion over five years. This followed Senate rejection (below) of a Democratic measure to increase the minimum wage by $1 over 13 months and to cut business taxes by $9.6 billion. The votes occurred during debate on a bankruptcy bill.

Republicans would raise the base wage from $5.15 an hour to $5.50 in March 2000, $5.85 in March 2001, and $6.15 in March 2002. Their tax cuts allow the self-employed to deduct all medical insurance costs; raise contribution limits for 401(k) pension plans; raise the deduction for business meals from 50 percent to 80 percent; and phase in a full health insurance deduction for workers whose employers do not provide medical coverage.

A yes vote was to approve the GOP wage and tax measure.

MARYLAND

Yes No NV

Mikulski (D) *

Sarbanes (D) *

VIRGINIA

Yes No NV

Robb (D) *

Warner (R) *