Alexander Liberman, 87, who in nearly 60 years with Conde Nast Publications helped the magazine empire grow to include some of the world's most popular titles, died Nov. 19 at a hospital in Miami, Fla. He had a heart ailment.
He was editorial director of Conde Nast for 31 years, from 1962 to early 1994, before assuming the title of deputy chairman-editorial, a post he held until his death. Among the magazines he helped guide were Vogue, Mademoiselle and Glamour.
Conde Nast publications also include Vanity Fair, Architectural Digest, Gourmet, Bride's, House & Garden, Conde Nast Traveler, Self, Allure, Details and the New Yorker. The group says it reaches 76 million readers each month.
With such powerful fashion titles under his guidance, Mr. Liberman is credited with helping to shape what American women wore and how fashion journalists covered it.
He was also known for his ability to lure top editors, writers and photographers, including internationally known photographer Irving Penn, to Conde Nast.
Mr. Liberman, a writer, photographer and artist, wrote several books about art and photography. They include "Prayers in Stone," a 1997 book on religious architecture, and "Then," a 1995 collection of black-and-white photographs of notables such as Henri Matisse, Coco Chanel, Truman Capote and William Paley.
He once recalled that Matisse was intrigued by Vogue magazine "as a strange combination of the sacred and the frivolous. Matisse close up, that stern, unforgiving eye, haunted me. He spoke very little, and I was terrified in his presence," Mr. Liberman said.
Mr. Liberman was born in Kiev, Ukraine, and studied painting and architecture in London and Paris. He first made his name as a magazine art director and editor in France, but left the country after it fell to Germany in World War II.
In 1941, he was personally hired by magazine publisher Conde Nast, whose name is on his company. Mr. Liberman took a job in Vogue's art department. Two years later, he was named the magazine's art director, working under Vogue's famed founding editor, Edna Woolman Chase.
He was appointed general art director of all Conde Nast magazines in 1960 and became editorial director of Conde Nast Publications two years later. During his nearly six decades with Conde Nast, the company's empire grew from four magazines to 17.
Mr. Liberman had homes in New York and Miami.
His first wife, Tatiana, a noted hat designer, died in 1991. Survivors include his wife, Melinda, of New York and Miami, and a stepdaughter, Francine du Plessix Gray, a writer.