Horst P. Horst

Portrait Photographer

Horst P. Horst, 93, who until 1991 was a photographer of such famous or fashionable personalities as Harry Truman, Marlene Dietrich, Coco Chanel, Jean Cocteau, Andy Warhol and Maria Callas, died Nov. 18 in Palm Beach Gardens, Fla. The cause of death was not reported.

He shot assignments for American Vogue magazine and such fashion designers as Bill Blass and Calvin Klein. Although he used settings that ranged from the Iranian desert to the interiors of Irish castles, he preferred to work in a studio, where lighting could be manipulated to glamorize his subjects.

The German native initially wanted to be an architect and was accepted by LeCorbusier as an apprentice in the Bauhaus architect's studio in Paris. He met photographer George Hoyningen-Huene in Paris in 1931, changing the course of his career. He left for the United States in 1939, shortly after taking what would be one of his most enduring images -- of a model, bathed in deep shadows, wearing an unraveling corset.

Alvin D. Coox

Historian

Alvin D. Coox, 75, a historian who was an authority on the 1939 undeclared war between Japan and the Soviet Union that was fought in Manchuria and Mongolia, died Nov. 4 at a hospice in San Diego. The cause of death was not reported.

He was the author of the highly praised two-volume "Nomonhan: Japan Against Russia, 1939," which was published in 1986 by Stanford University Press. It was hailed by the American Historical Review as "the finest English language study written by a single author on modern Asian military history."

Dr. Coox was an emeritus professor at San Diego State University, where he had served as head of the Center for Asian Studies. He became a leading authority on modern Japanese military history and the history of the Korean War.