Frank MacShane

Biographer

Frank MacShane, 72, a retired English professor who was the author of highly acclaimed biographies of such writers as Raymond Chandler, Ford Maddox Ford, James Jones and John O'Hara, died Nov. 15 in Gloucester, Mass. He had Alzheimer's disease.

He termed the subjects of his work "the stepchildren of literature," asking: "Who needs another Hemingway biography?"

"One of my motives in writing literary biographies is to look at a writer whose position is not set and try to place him, give him an evaluation," he said.

Dr. MacShane, who was born in Pittsburgh, studied literature at Harvard and Yale universities and received a doctorate in literature from Oxford University in 1955. He served on the faculty of the University of California at Berkeley, then joined Columbia University, where he taught and founded the graduate writing division in its school of the arts.

Hugh Haynie

Political Cartoonist

Hugh Haynie, 72, a former syndicated political cartoonist known for his liberal views and criticism and who gained national prominence for cartoons appearing in Newsweek and Time magazines criticizing then-President Richard M. Nixon, died of lung cancer Nov. 25 at a hospital in Louisville.

He had worked for the Courier-Journal in Louisville from 1958 to 1995.

He was regularly published in more than 80 newspapers through the Los Angeles Times Service from the 1960s to the 1980s.

Mr. Haynie had received awards from such groups as the National Headliners Club, the Freedom Foundation and Sigma Delta Chi -- the original professional journalists' society.

Thomas Pitfield

British Composer

Thomas Pitfield, 96, a British composer whose music was noted for its humor and who also taught composition at the Royal Manchester College of Music from 1947 to 1973, died Nov. 11 in London. The cause of death was not reported.

His compositions included a choral suite, "Night Music"; "The Sands of Dee" for voice and piano; and "Adam and the Creatures," a musical morality play.

Mr. Pitfield was a versatile artist who wrote several books of memoirs and verse. He designed his own home and produced watercolors and pencil drawings.

Gordon Wren

Athlete

Gordon Wren, 80, who is believed to be the only American to qualify for four Olympic skiing events and who was a former manager of the Steamboat Ski Area in Steamboat Springs, Colo., died of cancer Nov. 25 in Steamboat Springs.

He had qualified for the Olympics in 1940, but when the games were interrupted by World War II, he joined the Army and served in the elite 10th Mountain Division in the Mediterranean theater.

At the 1948 Winter Games at St. Moritz, Switzerland, Mr. Wren placed second in combined jumping and fifth in special jumping. Though he had qualified for the slalom and downhill as well, he removed himself from those events because he wanted to give a full effort to the Nordic events.