Eugenia Hatcher, 91, a home economist who conducted consumer surveys for major food manufacturers, died Dec. 2 at Montgomery General Hospital after surgery for abdominal bleeding. She lived at the Bedford Court Retirement Community in Silver Spring.

Mrs. Hatcher was a native of Oklahoma and a graduate of McPherson College in Kansas. She did graduate work in home economics at Iowa State University and Cornell University and received a master's degree in the subject from Columbia University.

She began her career as a home economics teacher in Coffeyville, Kan., and later founded the home economics department at Coffeyville Junior College. She was head of food and management at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University before moving to Washington during World War II to manage Sholl's Cafeteria.

After the war, she started a consumer testing service for General Foods, which she ran for 20 years. In 1966, she began her own multiservice company, Homemaker Testing Corp.

Mrs. Hatcher did work for the Birdseye division of General Foods and for Kraft Foods, testing new food products with consumers.

She was co-chair in 1962 of the American food and equipment exhibit at the International Trade Fair in Osaka, Japan. She set up a home economics exhibit for the U.S. Information Agency at a 1971 U.S. exhibit in Budapest.

She was a member of the American Home Economics Association and president of the D.C. Home Economics Association. She was named to the Hall of Fame of the Society of National Home Economists in Business.

Her husband, retired Navy Lt. Cmdr. Robert D. Hatcher, died in 1985. There are no immediate survivors.