Stephen Klinger, 91, a psychiatrist who spent 30 years at St. Elizabeths Hospital in Washington and retired in 1985 as director of the maximum security division, died of congestive heart failure Dec. 2 at Montgomery General Hospital. He lived at Rossmoor Leisure World in Silver Spring.

Dr. Klinger was born in Austria and graduated from the University of Vienna medical school in 1931. He practiced dentistry in Vienna before fleeing the Nazis in the late 1930s.

He was placed in Gurs concentration camp in France but escaped in 1942 with his wife on a cargo ship. They arrived in Baltimore that year to live with his wife's sister, who had previously moved to the United States.

He passed the psychiatry boards and worked for a year as a psychiatrist at Levindale Hebrew Geriatric Center and Hospital's nursing home in Baltimore before spending 12 years as a psychiatrist at Crownsville State Hospital in Crownsville. During that time, he helped start an alcoholic rehabilitation clinic through Anne Arundel County.

Dr. Klinger, a former member of the Kiwanis Club, also belonged to Shaare Tikvah Congregation in Temple Hills and B'Nai Shalom of Olney.

Survivors include his wife of 63 years, Margaret Klinger of Leisure World; two daughters, Susan Chidakel of Gaithersburg and Judie "Sunny" Hoffman of College Park; and five grandchildren.