John Archer

Actor and Announcer

John Archer, 84, an actor and radio announcer--who introduced the series "The Shadow" in the mid-1940s with the familiar: "Who knows what evil lurks in the hearts of men? The Shadow knows"--died of lung cancer Dec. 5 in Redmond, Wash.

In addition to "The Shadow," his voice was heard on radio's "The FBI in Peace and War" and a daily soap opera called "Amanda of Honeymoon Hill."

In 1950, Archer had the leading role in the science fiction film "Destination Moon." He also appeared in "Sherlock Holmes in Washington" opposite Marjorie Lord, his first wife. His more than 50 other film credits included "Ten Thousand Bedrooms," "Rock Around the Clock," "Blue Hawaii," "Apache Rifles" and "How to Frame a Figg."

Niccolo Tucci


Niccolo Tucci, 91, a European-born author who tried to recapture the lost world of childhood in his books and later in short stories written for the New Yorker, died Dec. 10 in New York. The cause of death was not reported.

His first English novel, "Before My Time" (1962), centered on his Russian grandmother, known as Grossmamachen, a tyrannical matriarch portrayed as both a life-giver and a destroyer. He wrote three other books in English and three in Italian and won the prestigious Viareggio prize for "Il Segreto" ("The Secret"), a collection of stories written in Italian.

After receiving a doctorate in political science from the University of Florence, he joined Benito Mussolini's propaganda ministry. He moved to New York in 1939, devoting himself to anti-fascist propaganda, translating and ghostwriting. In the early 1940s, he worked on Latin American policy for Nelson A. Rockefeller in President Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration in Washington.