Tony Bryant

Black Panther

Tony Bryant, 60, a former Black Panther who served 12 years in a Cuban jail for hijacking a plane to Havana, died Dec. 16 in Miami. He had leukemia.

Mr. Bryant grew up in San Francisco in a world of black street gangs and joined the Black Panthers, a radical black militant group which advocated revolution, when he was 16. In 1969, he hijacked a Miami-bound National Airlines flight to Cuba, saying he wanted to exchange the plane for heavy weapons to arm the Panthers.

But Cuban authorities threw him in jail, where he suffered and witnessed brutality which turned him against communism and which he later described in his book "Hijack." He was freed in 1980 and expelled to the United States, where he served five years on parole. Living in Miami, he became involved with a militant anti-Castro group.

John Archer

Actor and Announcer

John Archer, 84, an actor and radio announcer--who introduced the series "The Shadow" in the mid-1940s with the familiar: "Who knows what evil lurks in the hearts of men? The Shadow knows"--died of lung cancer Dec. 5 in Redmond, Wash.

In addition to "The Shadow," his voice was heard on radio's "The FBI in Peace and War" and a daily soap opera called "Amanda of Honeymoon Hill."

In 1950, Archer had the leading role in the science fiction film "Destination Moon." He also appeared in "Sherlock Holmes in Washington" opposite Marjorie Lord, his first wife. His more than 50 other film credits included "Ten Thousand Bedrooms," "Rock Around the Clock," "Blue Hawaii," "Apache Rifles" and "How to Frame a Figg."

Niccolo Tucci


Niccolo Tucci, 91, a European-born author who tried to recapture the lost world of childhood in his books and later in short stories written for the New Yorker, died Dec. 10 in New York. The cause of death was not reported.

His first English novel, "Before My Time" (1962), centered on his Russian grandmother, known as Grossmamachen, a tyrannical matriarch portrayed as both a life-giver and a destroyer. He wrote three other books in English and three in Italian and won the prestigious Viareggio prize for "Il Segreto" ("The Secret"), a collection of stories written in Italian.

After receiving a doctorate in political science from the University of Florence, he joined Benito Mussolini's propaganda ministry. He moved to New York in 1939, devoting himself to anti-fascist propaganda, translating and ghostwriting. In the early 1940s, he worked on Latin American policy for Nelson A. Rockefeller in President Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration in Washington.

Victor Perlo

American Communist

Victor Perlo, 87, a Marxist economist who since the 1960s had served as chief economist of the Communist Party in the United States and as a member of the party board, died Dec. 1 at his home in New York. The cause of death was not reported.

Mr. Perlo, who had worked as an economist in government agencies during the Roosevelt and Truman administrations, was accused of spying for the Soviet Union during World War II. In testifying before congressional committees, he denied the allegations and invoked his rights under the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution, as did many others questioned by the committees.