Jiang Hua

Chinese Judge

Jiang Hua, 93, who as chief judge of China's highest court oversaw the trial of Mao Tse-tung's widow and other members of the radical "Gang of Four," died Dec. 24 in the eastern Chinese city of Hangzhou. The cause of death was not reported.

He ran the Zhejiang provincial Communist Party from the 1950s until being purged in 1967 soon after the start of the Cultural Revolution. In 1975, Mr. Jiang was appointed president of the Supreme People's Court.

He was named president of a special tribunal in 1980 that was set up to try Mao's widow, Jiang Qing, and her three Politburo allies who made up the rest of the Gang of Four, for Cultural Revolution excesses.

Lord Charteris of Amisfield

Queen's Secretary

Lord Charteris of Amisfield, 86, who worked for Britain's Queen Elizabeth II for 30 years and served as her Lord in Waiting, or private secretary, from 1972 to 1977, died Dec. 24 at his home in Gloucestershire, England. He had liver cancer.

He may be best remembered in Britain for calling the Duchess of York a vulgarian. He also revealed to the press that the Prince and Princess of Wales would divorce and that Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, had resigned herself to the prospect. In 1993, after the Queen said she had decided to pay tax, Lord Charteris said the monarch was in touch with public opinion and was a good listener.

Over the years, Lord Charteris had held such posts as provost of Eton, chairman of the National Heritage Memorial Fund, president of the Prayer Book Society and trustee of the British Museum.

Alton A. Lindsey

Environmental Preservationist

Alton A. Lindsey, 92, an environmental preservationist and the author of 10 books who traveled to Antarctica with Navy Adm. Richard E. Byrd in 1933, died Dec. 19 in Tulsa. The cause of death was not reported.

The Lindsey Islands, a small group of 12 islands off the coast of Antarctica, are named for him, as is the oldest dated wood in the American Southwest, the Lindsey Ancient Tree Site in the El Malpais National Monument in New Mexico. The wood was traced to 190 B.C. A new genus and species of bug also were named for him, the Lindseyus coastus.

The National Park Service presents an Alton A. Lindsey Award in Science and Research Stewardship, and Purdue University, where Mr. Lindsey was an emeritus professor of biology and founded the Ross Biological Reserve, dedicated the Alton Lindsey Field Laboratory in his name two months ago.

J.D. 'Jack' Maurice

West Virginia Journalist

J.D. "Jack" Maurice, 86, editor in chief of the Charleston Daily Mail who won the 1975 Pulitzer Prize for a series of editorials on a battle over textbooks in Kanawha County schools, died Dec. 21 in Charleston, W.Va. The cause of death was not reported.

He grew up in the West Virginia and Kentucky coalfields and graduated from Marshall University. He then became a reporter for the Herald-Dispatch in Huntington and later the Daily Mail, where he became music and drama critic.

After three years in the Naval Reserve during World War II, he returned to the Daily Mail as the chief editorial writer, becoming editor in 1950 and editor in chief in 1969. He retired in 1984.

John Lyday

Surgeon, Literary Inspiration

John Lyday, 78, a retired Greensboro surgeon and inspiration for the character Trapper John in the film and television series "M*A*S*H," died Dec. 20 in Greensboro, N.C. The cause of death was not reported.

He served in the 8055th Mobile Army Surgical Hospital in Korea alongside surgeon Dick Hornberger, who later wrote a book based on his experiences under the pen name Richard Hooker. It became the basis for the 1970 movie and TV series "M*A*S*H."

Although Hornberger borrowed pieces of personalities for characters, he had Dr. Lyday in mind when he created Trapper John, played in the movie by Elliott Gould and on television by Wayne Rogers.

Carl Bates

Baptist Leader

The Rev. Carl Bates, 85, who was president of the Southern Baptist Convention, the nation's largest Protestant denomination, from 1970 to 1972, died Dec. 21 in Hendersonville, N.C. He had lung cancer.

Mr. Bates was a native of Mississippi. Before becoming Southern Baptist Convention president, he had served as head of the group's North Carolina and Texas state conventions.

Sidney McKnight Sr.

Store Leader

Sidney McKnight Sr., 84, a former president and chief executive of Montgomery Ward, died Dec. 22 in Kansas City, Kan. The cause of death was not reported.

He joined Montgomery Ward as a trainee in 1937 and moved up through the ranks, managing stores across the Southwest and Midwest. In 1968, he moved to Chicago, where he later became president and CEO of the company before retiring in 1978.

Calvin Crawford

Bass Player

Calvin Crawford, 68, the bass player in the "Country Boys" band that performed with Grand Ole Opry singer "Little Jimmy" Dickens, died of cancer Dec. 23 in Nashville.

Mr. Crawford had played bass for Dickens for 18 years.

Marcel Landowski

French Composer

Marcel Landowski, 84, a leading French composer and conductor who founded the Paris Orchestra in 1967 and was director of music, dance and the lyrical arts at the French Ministry of Culture from 1970 to 1974, died Dec. 22 in a hospital in Paris. The cause of death was not reported.

In 1950, he won the Great Prize for composition of the City of Paris.

The primary themes of many of his more than 150 compositions, from symphonies to film soundtracks, were mysticism and love. Some of his most celebrated works include "The Laugh of Nils Halerius," "John of Fear," the "Concerto for Martenot Waves" and the opera "The Mad Man."

Bernard Carter Randall

TV Panelist

Bernard Carter Randall, 72, a financial adviser and regular panelist on public television's "Wall Street Week," died of emphysema Dec. 21 in Orlando, Fla.

He was an executive at Equitable Trust Co. in Baltimore for 30 years, working his way up from a teller in 1947 to senior vice president. In 1981, he moved to Orlando and headed the trust department at what now is SunTrust Banks Inc. before forming his own financial consulting company.