Karl Strauch, 77, a physicist who as director of the Cambridge Electron Accelerator in the early 1970s led experiments that produced evidence of the existence of quarks, died of pneumonia Jan. 3 in Boston.
He wrote more than 145 scientific papers and served on a variety of international commissions and committees, including the U.S.-U.S.S.R. Joint Coordinating Committee on Fundamental Properties of Matter, a chief conduit between the scientific communities in the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
Dr. Strauch, a Harvard University professor emeritus, also helped change Harvard's history. In 1975, the Strauch Committee recommended merging Harvard and Radcliffe's admissions offices and instituting an admissions policy of equal-access for women. The recommendation took effect with the Class of 1980.
Dancer, Choreographer, Teacher
Lucas Hoving, 87, a modern dance performer, choreographer and teacher, whose sense of dramatic choreography was highlighted in his years with the Limon Dance Company, died Jan. 5 at his home in San Francisco. He had emphysema and a heart ailment.
He performed with dance pioneer Martha Graham in New York in the early 1940s, then joined Jose Limon's dance company after three years of military service. With Limon and Pauline Koner, he performed for President Lyndon B. Johnson at the White House in 1966.
Mr. Hoving later started his own dance studio in New York and taught dance composition at the Juilliard School from 1958 through 1968.
Victor Serebriakoff, 87, who helped build Mensa, the society for people with high IQs, into a worldwide organization with thousands of members, died Jan. 1 in London. The cause of death was not reported.
Mr. Serebriakoff, who had an IQ of 161 and was the creator of several popular IQ tests, joined Mensa in 1950 and became its leader in 1954. Under him, the organization grew to more than 100,000 members.
His posts included international general secretary, international chairman, editor of the British Mensa Magazine and the honorary international president. He also founded the Mensa Foundation for Gifted Children.
Communist and Feminist
Jenny Humbert-Droz, 107, an early Swiss feminist and communist, died Jan. 4 in a nursing home in Malvilliers, Switzerland. The cause of death was not reported.
In 1916, she married Jules Humbert-Droz, one of the founders of Switzerland's Communist Party. Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin appointed her husband a secretary of the Moscow-based Communist International, or Comintern, and in the 1920s, Mrs. Humbert-Droz worked for the organization as a translator.
The couple returned to Switzerland in 1928 after falling out of favor with the regime of Joseph Stalin. After the war, they rejoined the mainstream Social Democratic Party, and Mrs. Humbert-Droz headed a socialist women's group in Zurich. After her husband's death in 1971, she wrote the book "One Thought, One Conscience, One Battle."
Jack E. Brown
Jack E. Brown, 72, a lawyer noted for groundbreaking intellectual-property and antitrust cases, died of cancer Jan. 6 in Phoenix.
Some of his landmark cases involved protecting Apple Computer's "look and feel" in a case against Microsoft and preventing Franklin Computer Corp. from cloning the Apple II personal computer.
Mr. Brown, a 1952 graduate of Harvard University's law school, was listed in the National Law Journal as one of the 100 most influential lawyers in the United States.
Thomas F. Lambert Jr.
Law Publications Editor
Thomas F. Lambert Jr., 85, editor for 40 years of the journals of the American Trial Lawyers Association, died Dec. 29 at his home in Boston after a stroke. He had Parkinson's disease.
He taught at Suffolk University for 26 years. He was a member of the prosecution team at the war crimes trial in Nuremberg, Germany, after World War II and was former dean of Stetson Law School in Florida. He also taught at Boston University.
Eugene Mather, 81, a geographer who had conducted field research throughout the United States, South America and the Arctic and who had led field trips in the American Southwest for the National Geographic Society, died Dec. 25 in Las Cruces, N.M. The cause of death was not reported.
He was an editor for the Army Map Service during World War II and later taught at the University of Wisconsin, the University of Georgia and the University of Minnesota, where he headed the Geography Department.
Agis Salpukas, 60, a financial reporter for the New York Times, was found dead in the Hudson River off Manhattan on Jan. 3. The city medical examiner's office is investigating the death, but foul play isn't suspected, police said.
Mr. Salpukas , who lived in Tenafly, N.J., was being treated for depression at the New York Psychiatric Institute, said his wife, Mary Carrington Salpukas.
Mr. Salpukas, a native of Lithuania, began working for the Times in 1963, and covered business news for much of his career. He also had worked as Detroit bureau chief.