Robert J. Arnott
Theologian and Educator
Robert J. Arnott, 78, a California theologian and educator who helped establish church management as a field of study, died of cancer July 26 at a hospital in Laguna Hills, Calif.
He was a professor of church management and director of field education at the Claremont School of Theology from 1967 until his retirement in 1988. Through his efforts, Claremont became one of the first seminaries in the United States to include business management and theory in the training of new ministers.
Dr. Arnott joined colleagues from Princeton University, the University of Chicago and Union Theological Seminary to found the first professional organization devoted to promoting church administration as an essential skill.
Church management and administration are now accepted disciplines at most theology schools in the United States.
Herwart Holland-Moritz, 49, who was better known as Wau Holland and who was one of the world's earliest known computer hackers, died July 29 in Hamburg after a stroke.
He started hacking in the 1980s and helped form the Chaos Computer Club, or CCC. It fought for the free exchange of information over the data network that would eventually become the Internet. The club later became known for increasing public awareness about Internet security.
The club gained international attention in 1987 when members broke into NASA computers to expose and publicize security shortcomings. It conducted similar actions at banks and credit card companies across Europe.
Glen Cass, 54, a pollution authority who helped identify the mix of airborne chemicals that pollute urban areas such as Los Angeles and the northeastern United States, died of cancer July 30 in Durham, N.C.
He served on several advisory committees for government agencies. His research included work for the Environmental Protection Agency, the California Air Resources Board, NASA, the Department of Defense, Exxon and the Ford Foundation.
Dr. Cass was chairman of the earth and atmospheric sciences department at the Georgia Institute of Technology and a professor there. He also taught at the California Institute of Technology for 24 years.
Alex Nicol, 85, a character actor who had supporting roles in spaghetti Westerns and science fiction television shows, died July 29 in Montecito, Calif. The cause of death was not reported.
The New York native was a charter member of Lee Strasberg's Actors Studio and landed parts in the original Broadway productions of "South Pacific" and "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof."
He signed a contract with Universal Studios, which led to his big-screen debut in "The Sleeping City" in 1950. His other films included 1955's "Strategic Air Command" with James Stewart and 1951's "Tomahawk." He also appeared on various science fiction TV shows, such as "The Twilight Zone" and "The Outer Limits."
Bert Grant, 73, who helped spark the nation's thirst for microbrews when he opened Yakima Brewing and Malting Co. in 1982, died July 31 in Spokane, Wash. The cause of death was not reported.
His tiny pub in downtown Yakima was considered the nation's first brewpub since Prohibition, said Paul Gatza, director of the Institute for Brewing Studies in Boulder, Colo. A brewpub makes and sells beer at the same location.
Mr. Grant, who railed against the bland, uniform taste of nationally distributed beers, always carried a vial of hop oil in his pocket to add to run-of-the-mill beers when he had no alternative.
Elizabeth Yates McGreal
Elizabeth Yates McGreal, 95, author of the children's historical novel "Amos Fortune, Free Man," which won the prestigious Newbery Medal in 1951, died July 29 in Concord, N.H. The cause of death was not reported.
"Amos Fortune," based on the life of a freed slave, is often used to educate children about black history in New England and has been translated into several languages.
Ms. McGreal, whose pen name was her maiden name, Elizabeth Yates, wrote more than 50 books, including fiction and nonfiction, for adults and children.
Martin Stern Jr.
Martin Stern Jr., 84, an architect whose designs for Las Vegas casino hotels helped create the city's glitzy skyline, died July 28 in Los Angeles. The cause of death was not reported.
During a 30-year period, he designed a skyscraper and convention center at the Sahara Hotel; an expansion tower at the Sands Hotel; and the MGM Grand Hotel, which later became Bally's. He also designed the 26-story Mint Hotel.
He had lived in the Los Angeles area since the 1930s. He was best known there for the three coffee shops he designed in the "Googie" style, characterized by a 1950s pop-culture vision of futuristic architecture.
Miklos Vasarhelyi, 83, a close associate of Prime Minister Imre Nagy during the 1956 Hungarian revolt against Soviet rule who became a founder of the Alliance of Free Democrats and served in parliament from 1990 to 1994, died of a heart ailment July 31 in Budapest.
Mr. Vasarhelyi, who joined the Communist Party in 1938, was pressed into forced labor by Hungarian fascists in World War II. After the war, he became a reporter for a communist daily newspaper.
During the 1956 uprising, he headed the press department of Nagy's office. After Soviet suppression of the revolt, Mr. Vasarhelyi was deported to Romania. He was released in 1960. In 1984, Hungarian-born American billionaire George Soros appointed Mr. Vasarhelyi as his personal representative in Hungary, where he oversaw the granting of Soros scholarships, including one to Viktor Orban, the current prime minister.
Einar Schleef, 57, one of Germany's best-known theater directors and the author of the novel "Gertrud" and such plays as "Wezel" and "The Actors," died of a heart ailment July 21 in Berlin.
Mr. Schleef, who studied at East Berlin's Academy of Arts, worked in the mid-1970s in East Berlin's Berliner Ensemble, founded by Bertolt Brecht. In 1976, in the face of resistance to his work from East German authorities, he left for the west.
In West Berlin, he studied film direction at the German Film and Television Academy. From 1985 to 1990, Mr. Schleef directed Frankfurt's Schauspiel theater. After Germany was reunited, he returned to Berlin to the Berliner Ensemble.
Norman Hall Wright
Norman Hall Wright, 91, who was believed to be the last surviving writer to work on the Disney film "Fantasia," died July 21 in Dana Point, Calif. The cause of death was not reported.
He began his Disney career as an animator, later becoming a writer, producer and director. He developed "The Nutcracker Suite" sequence for "Fantasia" and was responsible for a sequence in "Bambi." He wrote several cartoon shorts featuring Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck and Goofy and also produced several "Wonderful World of Disney" television programs.
Fanny Brennan, 80, a painter of surrealist still lifes that often combined domestic objects such as needles, buttons and books with landscapes and were usually three or four inches across, died July 22 in New York. The cause of death was not reported.
She attended art school in her native Paris, where she also met Dada founder Tristan Tzara, had her portrait drawn by Giacometti and taught Picasso how to play Chinese checkers. She later moved to New York, where she worked for Harper's Bazaar and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.