Marvin Bower

Management Consultant

Marvin Bower, 99, who led McKinsey & Co. and helped turn the fledgling business of management consulting into a viable industry, died Jan. 22 at his home in Delray Beach, Fla. The cause of death was not reported.

Mr. Bower, who was managing director of McKinsey & Co. from 1950 to 1957, had joined the organization in the 1930s when it was a small Chicago engineering and accounting concern.

By the 1990s, the company had Germany as a client, giving it advice on how to rebuild its economy after the fall of the Berlin Wall. The firm now advises 100 of the world's 150 biggest companies, including United Airlines, which McKinsey is advising on how to best restructure its service and fares following its bankruptcy filing.

Doris Fisher

Composer

Doris Fisher, 87, a composer whose steady stream of hit songs in the 1940s included "You Always Hurt the One You Love," died Jan. 15 in Los Angeles. The cause of death was not reported.

In 1944, she collaborated with lyricist Allan Roberts to write hits that were performed by Billie Holiday, Louis Prima, Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters. Among them was "Into Each Life Some Rain Must Fall" by Ella Fitzgerald and the Ink Spots. The Mills Brothers performed "You Always Hurt the One You Love."

Ms. Fisher, a New York native, sang in nightclubs and on the radio under the name Penny Wise and the Wise Guys. She went on to write music for such movies as "Gilda" in 1946, which starred Rita Hayworth and featured the song "Put the Blame on Mame."

Sarah Pettit

Newsweek Senior Editor Sarah Pettit, 36, senior editor of Newsweek magazine's arts and entertainment section since 1999 and a founder of Out magazine, one of the country's largest gay and lesbian publications, died Jan. 22 at a hospital in New York. She had non-Hodgkins lymphoma.

Ms. Pettit helped start Out in 1992 but was ousted as editor in chief in 1998 over disputes with Henry Scott, the president of Out Publishing Inc., about the magazine's direction, even as circulation and advertising pages rose.

Before that, she had been arts editor of OutWeek, a publication that helped launch the moral debate about naming "closeted" public figures.

Gavin Lyall

Novelist

Gavin Lyall, 70, who wrote finely crafted action novels drawing on his experience as a Royal Air Force pilot before turning to spy thrillers, died Jan. 18 at his home in London. The cause of death was not reported.

He published 15 books beginning with "The Wrong Side of the Sky," an aviation thriller published in 1961. "Midnight Plus One," published in 1965, won the Silver Dagger award for thrillers. His last aviation novel, "Judas Country," was published in 1975.

In 1980, he wrote "The Secret Servant," the first of several novels featuring Maj. Harry Maxim of the Special Air Service. The BBC filmed "The Secret Service" with Charles Dance as Maxim.

Kinji Fukasaku

Film Director

Kinji Fukasaku, 72, a Japanese film director known for his yakuza movie series and the war epic "Tora! Tora! Tora!," died of prostate cancer Jan. 12 in Tokyo.

He gained international recognition with his 1970 film "Tora! Tora! Tora!," a war epic depicting Japan's 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, which won an Academy Award for visual effects in 1971.

Mr. Fukasaku won acclaim with his 1973 box office hit "War Without a Code" and a series of movies which portrayed Japanese underworld disputes. His 1982 film, "The Fall Guy," a behind-the-scenes look at movie production, won awards in Japan.