William Kelley

Screenwriter and Novelist

William Kelley, 73, a television and film writer who shared an Academy Award for screenwriting for his story of an Amish boy who witnessed a murder that was made into the 1985 movie "Witness" starring Harrison Ford, died of cancer Feb. 3 at his home in Bishop, Calif.

Mr. Kelley was a book editor before "Gemini," the first of his six novels, was published by Doubleday in 1959. He began writing for television in the late 1960s. His more than 150 credits include episodes of "Judd for the Defense," "Gunsmoke," "Bonanza," "Kung Fu," "Serpico," "Petrocelli" and "The Dukes of Hazzard." He also wrote for the miniseries "How the West Was Won" and TV movies, including "The Winds of Kitty Hawk," "The Blue Lightning" and "The Demon Murder Case."

Marie-Therese Danielsson

Writer and Activist

Marie-Therese Danielsson, 80, an activist and writer who fought against French nuclear testing in the South Pacific and was the 1991 recipient of a Right Livelihood award -- known as an "alternative Nobel" -- "for advocating an end to French nuclear colonialism," died Feb. 6 in Papeete, Tahiti, after a stroke.

Mrs. Danielsson, who held French nationality, joined her husband, Bengt Danielsson, in Tahiti during the 1940s. He was a Swedish ethnologist and was aboard Thor Heyerdahl's balsa-log raft Kon-Tiki during its 1947 voyage from Peru to Polynesia.

The Danielssons became involved in the anti-nuclear movement in the 1970s, convinced that nuclear radiation caused the death of their daughter Maruia. They also wrote about Polynesia, including a book about painter Paul Gauguin, who spent many years in the South Pacific, and "Mururoa, Mon Amour," about the nuclear tests.

Augusto Monterroso

Guatemalan Writer

Augusto Monterroso, 81, a Guatemalan writer best known for writing "The Dinosaur," which has been called the shortest story in literature ("When it woke up, the dinosaur was still there."), died Feb. 7 in a hospital in Mexico City after a heart attack.

He was an opponent of the Guatemalan government and the U.S.-owned United Fruit Co. and a founder of the intellectual magazine Acento before he left Guatemala in 1944. He taught at the National Autonomous University of Mexico.

In 1959, he published "Complete Works and Other Stories." His other works include "The Black Sheep and Other Fables," "Perpetual Movement," "All the Rest is Silence," "The Letter E: Fragments of a Diary" and "The Magic Word."

Manoel do Nascimento Brito

Brazilian Journalist

Manoel Francisco do Nascimento Brito, 80, who served as executive director of Jornal do Brasil, one of Brazil's leading newspapers, from 1954 until he retired in 2000, died Feb. 8 in a hospital in Rio de Janeiro after a stroke.

Mr. Nascimento Brito was responsible for the newspaper's expansion and technical and editorial innovations. He steered it through the 1964-1985 military dictatorship, trying to maintain an independent political line amid the severe restrictions imposed by the regime's censorship and the persistent persecution of political opponents.