CLONING

For: 241 / Against: 155

The House passed a bill (HR 534) to criminalize human cloning. The bill makes it a federal crime to perform both "reproductive cloning," in which a person's DNA is used to help create a genetically identical baby, and "therapeutic cloning," in which a cloned human embryo is used for medical research in a laboratory dish, not transplanted into a womb. It makes it illegal to import cloned medical treatments or human embryos that derive from overseas research on cloned embryos. The bill, which awaits Senate action, authorizes prison terms of as many as 10 years and heavy fines. A yes vote was to pass the bill.

MARYLAND

Yes

No

NV

Bartlett (R)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Cardin (D)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

Cummings (D)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

Gilchrest (R)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

Hoyer (D)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

Ruppersberger (D)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

Van Hollen (D)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

Wynn (D)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

VIRGINIA

Yes

No

NV

Cantor (R)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

J. Davis (R)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

T. Davis (R)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Moran (D)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

Wolf (R)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

MEDICAL RESEARCH

For: 174 / Against: 231

The House rejected a substitute to HR 534 (above) that sought to allow cloning of human embryos for medical research that could lead to treatments for diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, diabetes and cancer.

In such "therapeutic cloning," stem cells are extracted from a cloned human embryo, then used to grow tissue for treating the person whose DNA was used in the cloning. There is no fertilization with sperm, implantation into the uterus or pregnancy. Supporters say it holds promise for breakthroughs against disease, while foes say that to legalize it would lead to cloning babies.

A yes vote backed therapeutic cloning but not reproductive cloning.

MARYLAND

Yes

No

NV

Bartlett (R)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

Cardin (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Cummings (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Gilchrest (R)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Hoyer (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Ruppersberger (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Van Hollen (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Wynn (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

VIRGINIA

Yes

No

NV

Cantor (R)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

J. Davis (R)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

T. Davis (R)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

Moran (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Wolf (R)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

IMPORTING TREATMENTS

For: 164 / Against: 237

The House refused to allow import of medical treatments produced abroad as a result of therapeutic cloning outlawed in the United States. This occurred during debate on HR 534 (above). A yes vote was to allow importation.

MARYLAND

Yes

No

NV

Bartlett (R)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

Cardin (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Cummings (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Gilchrest (R)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

Hoyer (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Ruppersberger (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Van Hollen (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Wynn (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

VIRGINIA

Yes

No

NV

Cantor (R)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

J. Davis (R)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

T. Davis (R)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

Moran (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Wolf (R)

{hbox}

*

{hbox}

EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION

For: 415 / Against: 0

The House adopted a measure (H Con Res 36) recognizing the 140th anniversary of the Jan. 1, 1863, effective date of the Emancipation Proclamation, President Abraham Lincoln's decree that slaves be freed in states and areas then in rebellion against the United States. A yes vote was to adopt the resolution.

MARYLAND

Yes

No

NV

Bartlett (R)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Cardin (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Cummings (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Gilchrest (R)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Hoyer (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Ruppersberger (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Van Hollen (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Wynn (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

VIRGINIA

Yes

No

NV

Cantor (R)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

J. Davis (R)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

T. Davis (R)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Moran (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Wolf (R)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

CHILD PORNOGRAPHY

For: 84 / Against: 0

The Senate passed a bill (S 151) giving prosecutors more tools for cracking down on child pornography distributed by mail or the Internet. The bill seeks to narrow the definition of child pornography to meet objections voiced by the Supreme Court when it overturned a similar ban in April 2002. It awaits House action.

The bill makes it easier for law enforcement to conduct electronic surveillance on suspected pornographers and for Internet service providers to report communications involving child pornography. It expands the definition of explicit material to include computer-generated images and actual depictions, makes it illegal to use child pornography to entice a minor to participate in sexual activity and punishes offenses involving child pornography more severely than those involving obscenity.

A yes vote was to pass the bill.

MARYLAND

Yes

No

NV

Mikulski (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Sarbanes (D)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

VIRGINIA

Yes

No

NV

Allen (R)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}

Warner (R)

*

{hbox}

{hbox}