Michael Wayne

Movie Producer

Michael Wayne, 68, the eldest of John Wayne's seven children, who headed the family production company and served as the primary keeper of his father's flame, died April 2 in a hospital in Burbank, Calif., after surgery for diverticulitis. He had lupus, an autoimmune disorder.

In 1961, he became president of his father's Batjac Productions. He made his solo producing debut on the 1963 film "McLintock!" co-starring John Wayne and Maureen O'Hara.

Michael Wayne's credits as a producer and executive producer of his father's films include "Big Jake," "Brannigan," "Cahill -- United States Marshal," "Cast a Giant Shadow," "Chisum," "The Green Berets," "McQ," "The Train Robbers" and "The War Wagon."

Edwin Starr

Soul Singer

Edwin Starr, 61, a soul singer who topped the charts in 1970 with the antiwar song that asked and answered the question "War -- what is it good for? Absolutely nothing," died April 2 at his home near Nottingham, England, after a heart attack.

Born Charles Hatcher in Nashville, he formed his first group, the Future Tones, in 1957, recording one single before his three-year Army service. In 1965, he was offered a solo deal following two years of touring with another band.

Other than "War," his biggest success, hits included "Agent Double-O Soul," "Stop Her on Sight (S.O.S.)," "Contact" and "H.A.P.P.Y. Radio."

Lee Winfrey


Lee Winfrey, 70, a newspaper reporter who worked in Washington for the Miami Herald and Knight Newspapers before becoming a television critic at the Philadelphia Inquirer, died March 31 in Philadelphia. He had arteriosclerosis and diabetes.

He became president of the Television Critics Association in 1978, helping to revise the ethics guidelines for critics.

J. Hugh Liedtke


J. Hugh Liedtke, 81, the Texas oilman best known for leading his Pennzoil Co. to a $3-billion courtroom victory over Texaco in the 1980s for control of Getty Oil, died March 28 in Houston, Tex. The cause of death was not reported.

After World War II, began practicing law in Midland, but he devoted most of his time to forming oil and gas partnerships. One of those partners was future president George H.W. Bush. In 1953, Mr. Liedtke, a brother, Bush and a fourth partner, raised $1 million and formed the Zapata oil company. Zapata Oil drilled 137 wells in what came to be called the Jameson field, all of them producing oil.

In the early 1960s, Mr. Liedtke set his sights on taking over the South Penn Oil Co., which was selling oil in Pennsylvania and West Virginia under the name Pennzoil and not doing very well. He engineered a friendly takeover and merged Zapata, South Penn and some smaller companies into Pennzoil.

Arthur Guyton


Arthur Guyton, 83, a preeminent cardiovascular physiologist and the author of a textbook used to teach medical students around the world for more than 45 years who also was an inventor of an electric wheelchair, was killed April 3 in an automobile accident near Pocahontas, Miss.

The 1956 "Textbook of Medical Physiology" was the life's work of Dr. Guyton, who retired in 1989 as chairman of the Department of Physiology and Biophysics at the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson.

He gave advice to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in the 1960s and 1970s. Two of his former students used Dr. Guyton's book to expand the doctor's cardiovascular computer model developed to help NASA push the boundaries of space travel.