Dear Dr. Gridlock:

Is it appropriate to merge into the through lane as soon as one is aware of an obstruction or impediment, or should one continue toward the obstruction and expect to be let in by fellow motorists at the point of the obstruction?

I maintain that one should get over as soon as possible. What's proper?

Kevin Moore

Silver Spring

Maj. Greg Shipley, chief spokesman for the Maryland State Police, said, "I recommend you merge as soon and as safely as you can." Shipley said motorists who zoom to the front of a closed lane and then muscle in are a pet peeve of his, but there is no law against it.

Readers have told me in the past that the Pennsylvania solution works best. That is where motorists are told to stay in the closing lane until the point of merge, and then are instructed to take turns.

I usually move over sooner rather than later because I don't want the added stress of merge mania at the front of the line.

High Gas Prices

Dear Dr. Gridlock:

I'd like to call to your attention a letter in the April 8 Washington Post by Thomas A. Firey, a senior fellow at the Maryland Public Policy Institute.

He cites two Maryland state laws that needlessly cause higher gas prices: one prohibiting refining companies from owning and operating their own gas stations and another prohibiting retailers such as Sheetz from lowering gas prices below a statewide average "wholesale price."

These laws are absolutely outrageous. And with prices for regular gas approaching $2 a gallon, the only thing likely standing in the way of their repeal is public awareness of this gross misuse of government power to enrich private interests.

Surely a Republican governor couldn't defend government price controls, right?

Jim Cohen


The needle on my outrage meter is moving. Anyone have anything to add?

Metro Emergencies

Dear Dr. Gridlock:

I, too, think it is ridiculous to evacuate an entire Metro train and hold up trains all along the line to evacuate a sick passenger [Dr. Gridlock, April 4].

You say you don't want someone dragging you off the train. I don't think anyone would advocate "dragging" anyone off the train, but I see nothing wrong if Metro personnel assisted someone off in a method determined on a case-by-case basis.

Wendell House

Silver Spring

Metro evacuates the car and, in some cases, cleans the car before putting it back in service. Medical professionals handle the treatment of the ill passenger in the car.

I'd hate to be on the receiving end of treatment, and possibly injurious attention, from untrained Metro personnel.

Signaling in Circles

Dear Dr. Gridlock:

I spent two weeks driving around England with my family a couple of years ago, and it took a day or so, but I got used to traffic circles.

Yes, they are efficient, and I appreciate that they change the angle of "T-bone" collisions to more of a glancing blow.

But there is one difference between Maryland and the United Kingdom: turn signals. As I was quickly taught by other drivers, when entering a circle in the United Kingdom, you leave on your turn signal in the direction of the center of the circle until you approach the road you will exit onto, then turn the signal in the other direction to make your intentions known.

At the circle here I drive most often, on Perry Parkway near the Montgomery County Fairgrounds, chaos reigns. There is one road and three shopping center entrances, and you take your life into your hands trying to guess where a car is going.

Nobody signals, and everyone seems to assume he has the right of way. Of course, everyone is going too fast on top of it.

Circles have advantages, but plopping them among so many type-A drivers seems a risky experiment.

Tim Foecke


The general rule is to look left and yield to the left when entering the circle, then move to the inside lane if your exit is more than halfway around the circle. Of course, drivers should signal their intentions, but I fear some of them don't know what their intentions are.

Regardless, the introduction of traffic circles in Maryland has significantly reduced injuries from side-angle crashes and removed a bottleneck traffic light.

Dear Dr. Gridlock:

In your April 29 column, Thomas E. McEntee suggests that roundabouts should be installed in Virginia. He praises them as an alternative to traffic signals and notes their frequent use in England. Such is the case in many European countries.

I drive through traffic circles every day in Maryland and rarely find them safe. Only once every few days do I see anyone signal in the circle, and "right of way" may as well be translated as "be as aggressive as possible without damaging your car."

Although circles may be efficient and effective in a system where drivers are taught proper rules and courtesy, using them at gridlocked intersections in the D.C. area is a well-intended but risky venture.

Daniel Hoult

College Park

I'm wondering whether traffic circle protocol is taught in driver education classes. For driving tips, visit

Alternate Route

Dear Dr. Gridlock:

Can you repeat your recommended route for avoiding the New York City-New Jersey area? I am planning a trip from Cheverly to Middletown, Conn.

Sheila Salo


From Cheverly, take Interstate 95 north to the Baltimore Beltway (I-695) and head north to the I-83 exit (York, Pa.). Proceed north on I-83 to I-81 north (Hazleton, Scranton, Pa.), and follow I-81 to I-84 east at Scranton.

Travel I-84 east across part of New York, crossing the Hudson River at Newburgh, and proceed into Connecticut. The simplest route to Middletown is I-84 east to I-91 south at Hartford, then connecting to state Route 9 to Middletown. There might be a back way to Middletown from I-84, but you'd need to consult a map.

This route might be longer, but it is certainly more scenic and less expensive.

Good luck, and let me know how it works out.

Ninth Street Bridge

Dear Dr. Gridlock:

Do you have any info on the Ninth Street bridge in Northeast Washington? I used to use it every weekday.

Brad Piepmeier


City officials tell me the bridge should be reopened by tomorrow. Some foundation erosion has caused it to be closed temporarily for repairs.

Dangers of SUVs

Dear Dr. Gridlock:

I would like very much to start a dialogue in your column regarding the award-winning book "High and Mighty: SUVs -- The World's Most Dangerous Vehicles and How They Got That Way." The author documents reasons purchasers of SUVs are considered by the automotive industry to be egotistical, paranoid, gullible saps who are at the mercy of the millions of dollars spent on marketing.

The book presents crash data showing that SUVs are more hazardous to their occupants than are large automobiles, such as the Crown Victoria.

A huge percentage of the advertising revenue of The Washington Post Co. comes from the automotive industry and automotive dealers in this region.

Companies selling SUVs are killing people as surely as the tobacco industry, the asbestos industry and, very likely, the cell phone industry.

Dare we forget the legacy of the Pinto and the Corvair? Dare you take on this travesty?

Peter Whitehead


According to the book jacket, "High and Mighty" shows why SUVs:

* Are no safer for their occupants than cars.

* Have worse brakes than cars.

* Are especially poor choices for teenagers to drive.

* Have a rollover problem that goes far beyond the failures of Firestone tires on Ford Explorers.

The book is written by Keith Bradsher, formerly the New York Times bureau chief in Detroit.

My biggest complaint with SUVs is that their higher headlights strike other drivers at eye level and can cause temporary blindness. Also, from what I've seen on the rollover potential, I wouldn't want my teenager in one.

Your thoughts on SUVs?

Bicycle Commuting

Dear Dr. Gridlock:

In passing along help for bicyclists [Dr. Gridlock, March 25], you might have included a map or list of major bike routes, advice from cyclists and references to helpful groups such as the Washington Area Bicyclist Association and

Jack Cochrane


This column has never suffered from a lack of ideas from bicyclists. I'd like to hear your favorite resources.

Transportation researcher Diane Mattingly contributed to this column.

Dr. Gridlock appears Sunday in the Metro section and Thursday in Extra. You can write to Dr. Gridlock, 1150 15th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20071. He prefers to receive e-mail, at, or faxes, at 703-352-3908. Please include your full name, town, county and day and evening phone numbers.