Eastman Kodak Chief Executive
Kay Whitmore, 72, who guided Eastman Kodak Co. for three years before being fired in 1993 for failing to cut costs fast enough to satisfy investors, died July 26 at a hospital in Rochester, N.Y. He had leukemia.
A chemical engineer by training, Mr. Whitmore joined the photography company in 1957 and worked his way up through its film business over 25 years.
He was elected president in 1983 and chairman and chief executive in 1990.
Facing competition from Japan's Fuji Photo Film Co., Mr. Whitmore was ousted in 1993 by Kodak's board, which complained that he had not done enough to enhance earnings. Two weeks later, Kodak moved to slash 10,000 jobs, or about 10 percent of the workforce.
William Harry Fitzpatrick
William Harry Fitzpatrick, 96, a newspaper editor who won a Pulitzer Prize for a New Orleans paper and then led the old Ledger-Star in Norfolk, died July 24 at his home in Norfolk. No cause of death was reported.
Early in his career, Mr. Fitzpatrick worked for the New Orleans States, where he won the 1951 Pulitzer for editorial writing. His series of editorials explored the effects on the U.S. Constitution of the Senate's ratification of U.N. treaties on genocide and human rights.
He was an associate editor at the Wall Street Journal from 1952 to 1960, then joined the Ledger-Star to head its editorial pages.
In 1971, he moved to Landmark Communications, the parent company, where he retired in 1974 as executive editor for six major daily papers in Virginia and North Carolina.
Van Deren Coke
Photographer and Curator
Van Deren Coke, 83, an influential writer, educator and photography curator who was credited with making the collection at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art one of the finest in the country, died July 11 at a hospital in Albuquerque. No cause of death was reported.
A widely exhibited photographer in his own right, Mr. Coke used a number of different effects in his work, including solarization and montage. For several years, he also used a "flash" technique in the darkroom, in which he flashed a white light as the print was developing. This tended to blur the literalism of the image.
In and out of academia, Mr. Coke's most significant endeavor came in 1979, when he was hired as curator of photography at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. He oversaw the establishment of a department of photography, and during his tenure, more than one-third of the museum's exhibition activity became devoted to photography.
He embarked on an aggressive acquisition program, expanding the museum's holdings to include highly experimental, design-related images produced in Germany, France and Czechoslovakia.
Ben Martin, 83, a Naval Academy graduate who coached at the Air Force Academy from 1958 to 1977 and was a former broadcaster, died July 24 at a nursing home in Colorado Springs. He had congestive heart failure.
A native of Prospect Park, Pa., Mr. Martin played in every Navy football game from 1942 to 1944 as a halfback and end. He graduated in 1945 and was an assistant football coach at the academy from 1949 to 1954.
He was head football coach at the Air Force Academy from 1958 to 1977. He then became a commentator for ABC. He later was part of the Air Force radio network broadcast team for 16 years before retiring last season.
William Erby Smith
William Erby Smith, 90, co-founder of the SmithBucklin Corp., the world's largest association management firm, died July 24 of kidney failure at a hospital in Chicago, where he lived most of his life.
Since its founding in 1949, SmithBucklin has grown to include more than 150 trade associations, serving 400,000 members, with offices in Chicago, St. Louis and Washington.
The company manages more than 40 trade shows and 1,500 meetings each year. Mr. Smith was chairman until 1998. He was also executive director of the Popcorn Institute, his company's first client, until his death.
He was also known for his work in conservation and historic preservation, particularly in Michigan, where he and his brother maintained a 500-acre forest and wildlife preserve on the shores of Lake Michigan.